Minutes of the September, 2017 Heralds Meeting

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(11:00 am to 2:37 pm)

The September 2017 meeting was held in San Leandro, CA.

Aasa Thorvaldsdottir, Vesper; Edith of Swanesdale, Matins; Krysta of Starfall, Green Crown; Hirsch von Henford, Golem; Astrið of Swansvale, Latimer; Angus Duncan Cameron, CoH Exchequer; Anne FitzRichard, Banner; Aine inghean Tuathail ui Ghallchobhair, Green Cloak; Lucius Cassius Maris, Baldric ; eilis o’Boirne, PaL; Frederick of Holland, PaL; Safiya bint Zakariya al-Tayyib, PEaL; Carrick MacBrian, Cornet.

In remote attendance: Elsa Näherin van Aurec, Acting Sealion Pursuivant; Astriðor Thorasdottir, Wolfhound Herald; Arnthorr Hestofthi, Cornet; Shimon Levi Ben Yitzchak HaKohen, Acting Blue Heron Pursuivant.

Heralds’ Meetings for 2017: November 19. Heralds' Meetings for 2018: January 7 (Sunday of Twelfth Night), March 11, May 20, July 1, September 30, November 18. Heralds' Meetings for 2019: January 6, 2019 (Sunday of Twelfth Night). Meetings usually begin at 11:00 AM and will be held at Green Crown's home. “Road show” meetings, if any, will be announced well in advance.

The DEADLINES for submission forms and documentation are: for 2017: November 8, December 20, 2017. For 2018: February 28, May 9, June 20, September 19, November 7, and December 19. Submission forms must be complete, and received either via EMAIL or hardcopy by the deadline date at midnight to be considered at the next meeting (which is about 11 days later, except December due to holidays and the roadshow meeting prep time needed). If the forms are EMAILED, then payment must arrive by the meeting day. WALK-IN submissions will only be considered if there is time, but in most cases will be delayed until the next meeting so that each submission can be reviewed fully.

Walk-in submissions may be held over until the following meeting at the discretion of Matins.


Vesper (Aasa): Handbook editing/proofreading proceeding. Some handbook work has been delayed by travel. Purgatorio in Oertha went. Vesper learned and taught, and had fun. Met Stellanordica and some of the other Oerthan heralds. Report was sent to Laurel on August 31, on time. Term is up October Crown 2018; will extend to Beltane 2019 if Great Officer rotation adjustments are implemented.

Seawolf (Kean): not present no report

Sable Swan (Miach): All court reports are up to date. We will need Heralds on hand for Coronet because their Highnesses' have chosen a crucible format for the tournament. Caoilin Rose Maddox will be my successor. Hopefully, I will be stepping down at Cynagua Coronet.

Stellanordica (Rodrigo): At Purg, Wolfhound Herald (submissions assistant) changed over to Ástríðr Þórudóttir from Khevron Oktavii Tikhikovich Vorotnikov. Many thanks to Khevron for his numerous years of service to the College and Oertha in this role. Rodrigo received interest from Dagmar the Red and Sapphira the Navigator to be Stellanordica replacements. He knows that Dagmar is working with Eilis ni Roibeard O'Boirne and Bianca Rose Byrne. He also plans to work with both of them over the next few months, with plans to change over Stellanordica Herald at next Summer Coronet (2018).

The Shire of Hrafnafjorðr has a new herald: James O’Connor. Rodrigo touched base with James at his Shire’s last event and he is ready to learn and go forward. He has even sent Rodrigo a small report stating his position within Hrafnafjorðr.

Rodrigo is working to collect the Baronial Ceremonies within Oertha. His goal is to have this completed by end of the calendar year (2017). The ceremonies will then be forwarded to Kingdom as needed. Request for contact information of the herald collecting this information for the West, as the name slipped his memory.

He plans to work very soon on the Oerthan Ceremonies and send those changes up, as the book has several minor errors/omissions and a few new ceremonies to add. He will also look over the Herald’s Handbook by 16 Sep and send what little he may have for it at that time. He will continue to teach voice heraldry classes when possible.

Exchequer (Angus): We have money. 2nd Quarter not balanced yet, now he has all the statements he needs so it will get done. Exchequer is a direct deputy to Vesper, who must sign off on the reports for the “branch.”

Matins (Edith): Edith of Swanesdale has officially taken on the position of Matins Herald, website information to be updated to include the new mailing address. She will continue to work with Green Crown, and will acquire any misdirected submissions that may still reach the old contact information. The meetings will continue to remain at Green Crown’s residence. Yahoo groups not useful, can be retained as an announcements e-list. Change website to send people to FB West Kingdom Herald group.

Many thanks to Hannah for taking the time to research and comment on every device submission for this meeting, and returning to ask and respond to questions about the devices.

Green Crown (Krysta): Gets to return to being Clerk of the College, now that Matins is filled. Description of job to be sent to Hirsch. She can back-up any of the positions within the College of Heralds, but the job is officially meant to be a back-up admin position for the College.

Banner (Anne): New book cover received, need second one. Reports for June Crown and West/AnTir War still need to be filed by Banner. Ceremony book updates are going apace. Court herald regalia needs review and updating. Elsa and Astriðor offered assistance. Specifications of what is needed with proposed budgeting to be brainstormed by Banner and eilis.

Baldric (Lucius): Collegium track is in final organizational phase, Baldric and Vesper will make final decisions and touch base with all teachers as to scheduling.

Brachet (vacant): The College needs to fill this position. This position can be completed entirely remotely. Bratchet Herald acts as the West Kingdom College of Heralds Commenting Deputy. They are responsible for adding comments in OSCAR to every LoI posted by other kingdoms. This process provides Pelican and Wreath with research information about each entry, including conflict checks (Wreath must have two separate individuals specify they have not found a conflict before he can officially declare the submission as free-of-conflict). This position has no physical requirements, including geographic location of Bratchet Herald. Requirements to do this job are: sufficient understanding of the current rules (SENA) to offer knowledgeable comments on both name and device submissions - at a minimum the knowledge to identify rules violations and the skill to run accurate conflict checks; reliable access to the internet and an OSCAR account; communication skills at a level to post information in a semi-public forum; sufficient available time to comment on up to 20 Kingdom LoIs per month. If interested, please contact Vesper Principal Herald with your qualifications: vesper@heralds.westkingdom.org

Greencloak (Aine): Deputy: Elinora, Successor: Safiya (planned office turnover Purgatorio 2018). Field heraldry and event announcements are happening. Greencloak is feeling anxious at the beginning of big events due to apparent lack of voices, but they come out of the woodwork and it gets done. Thorn has asked for heraldic support for Drake’s Treaty rapier battles on Sunday, September 24, which is also the second day of Mists Coronet.

Latimer (Astrið): Table will be at October Crown, but neither Latimer nor her backup will be at Mists Fall Coronet, as previously discussed. Latimer also plans to attend Cynagua Fall Coronet. Walraven (former herald in our Kingdom) has donated several boxes of heraldic books and some cloth that the College needs to sort through and make decisions on (note - these decisions were done during the meeting breaks). Aasa is interested in Latimer when she steps down from her current job. Latimer is updating the Handbook sections on consultation and the book list for the West Kingdom College of Heralds.

Golem (Hirsch): The web based stuff is working fine, some Royalty a little slow about confirming award reports. Next Handbook deadline November 8, so we can review at the November meeting and plan for a 12th Night release. Latimer has done great work on rewrites and link updates. Will start sending senior heralds some articles for updating per their expertise or the purview of their office. Hyperlinks within the articles since the handbook is now HTML. Conference call software working well so far this meeting.

ANNOUNCEMENTS / Other Business

Laurel requires now 0 (zero) paper submissions – we need only one copy and Matins doesn’t mail anything to Laurel, just sends scans. Effective immediately we will only require from submitters:

Name submission: one copy and documentation
Device submission: one line drawing, one colored-in copy of the line drawing, with documentation if needed
Badge submission: one line drawing, one colored-in copy of the line drawing, documentation as needed
Money: $6 per item. An item is a name, a device, or a badge.

Colored submissions are still required to be hand colored using markers, not crayons or pencils, and must be colored with “quality markers” so colors don’t change; we encourage the use of Crayola Classic markers. If the submission is not colored in true colors, the College is required to send it back. If the line drawing and the colored-in drawing are different, the College is required to send it back. PLEASE make a copy of your line drawing and then color it in; do not draw the design twice.



MAILING LIST: The West Kingdom College of Heralds has a mailing list for internal communication. Any herald is welcome to join by request. To join the list, please subscribe at wkheralds-subscribe@yahoogroups.com.

ELECTRONIC RESOURCES: Many interesting heraldic links can be found through the SCA Heraldry web page at http://www.sca.org/heraldry, including the Laurel home page, the on-line Armorial and Ordinary (with search capabilities) and The Academy of St. Gabriel (an onomastic and heraldic consultation service). The West Kingdom Heraldry site and the West Kingdom Awards List can be accessed through the West Kingdom site, http://www.westkingdom.org. Heraldic queries may also be addressed to Vesper at herald@westkingdom.org -- answers may take a few days.

West Kingdom College of Heralds Minutes are published on the web. They may be read at or printed from the heralds' website at http://heralds.westkingdom.org/Minutes.htm.


Contact brachet@heralds.westkingdom.org for external commenting participation. A central Cynagua external commenting meeting may begin soon, so watch this space!


The cover letters, acceptances and returns for the past can be found at http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/. If you are interested in responding to some of the calls for commentary put out by the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, please be sure to visit the site.

June 2017 LoAR (printed August 4, 2017) (No West LOI)

Cover Letter

From Laurel: New Sign Herald Deputy

As of the beginning of July, another office has changed hands. I would like to thank Mistress Nesscia inghean Chearnaigh for the tons of work she has done criss-crossing kingdoms and helping to get the sign herald program up and running. Heralds are, among other things, the PA system for court; we're responsible for communicating the activities of court to the general audience. Providing the additional service of signing, both for those in the Deaf community and those who just need a bit more help as our ears age, helps us to communicate better. Thanks to Nesscia's work and the work of a great many other sign heralds, it is beginning to no longer be an oddity to see a sign herald working next to the voice herald in a court.

Nevertheless, Nesscia's tenure has come to an end, and I would like to introduce the next Sign Herald Deputy, Baroness Marie le Mains. It is my hope that she can build on the foundations we now have in place, to help cement sign heralds in all kingdoms.

From Palimpsest: Grandfather Clause Revisited

The Palimpsest Rules Letter dated 12 March 2017 proposed multiple changes to SENA and the Admin Handbook. The primary proposal in the letter was to rename the "grandfather clause" as "legacy registration allowance," because the phrase "grandfather clause" originates in discriminatory US laws from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Although many commenters supported renaming the clause, multiple commenters described the proposed name "legacy" as unclear or even itself offensive, due to its association with unfair university admissions policies in the United States. Therefore, we are substituting a more neutral nomenclature, "existing registration allowance". The change from "grandfather clause" to "existing registration allowance" affects SENA PN.1.B.2.g, PN.2.C.2.d, NPN.1.C.2.g, A.2.A, A.2.B.3, A.3.A.3, and Appendix F, together with the Admin Handbook.

We are adding a link to the third edition of "A Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry" to Appendix F.

The Rules letter also proposed changing SENA A.2.B.3 to allow branches to register armorial elements registered by their members, in parallel to the allowance for order names and heraldic titles. We are not making this change.

From Pelican: Other Adjective + Heraldic Charge in Order Names and Heraldic Titles

Under SENA, we register only order names that plausibly follow an attested period model. Heralds and submitters should bear in mind that we there were only a fairly small number of medieval and Renaissance orders from which we can draw naming patterns. In addition, many cultures and languages did not have "orders" comparable those found in England, France, Spain and Germany (the cultures which provide the most data for order names). There is not a lot of room for extrapolation from this limited data.

The naming category Other Adjective + Charge, set out in Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/), continues to be misunderstood by heralds and submitters. I hope to bring some clarity by summarizing and distilling the precedents to date that interpret this category of order names (and heraldic titles created from order names).

Of the examples in "Medieval Secular Order Names" grouped into the category Other Adjective + Charge, further research has revealed that only two are examples of an "other" adjective. The following examples do not support this pattern:

Prisoner's Iron (Fer de Prisonnier) is actually a complex noun, a specific type of handcuff, rather than an example of Other Adjective + Heraldic Charge. [Artemisia, Kingdom of. Order name Claves Artemisiae, Order of the, 10/2014 LoAR, A-Artemesia]. "It is the compound name of a heraldic charge, a type of iron shackle, so Prisoner's is not being used as a possessive, just as a descriptor of the type of item." [Middle Marches, Barony of the. Order name Award of the Baron's Cuff of the Middle Marches, 6/2014 LoAR, R-Middle].

Companions of the Pale Horses (Gesellen van den valen perden) is simply an example of Color + Heraldic Charge.

Thus, the only true examples of an "other" adjective being added to a charge are Corona Doble (Double Crown) and gekrönten Steinbocken (Crowned Ibex).

Based on these examples, we ruled that Order of the Winged Lynx could be constructed as an Other Adjective + Heraldic Charge order name, because "winged" is an adjective that describes a clear visual modification to the charge. [Avacal, Principality of. Order name Order of the Winged Lynx, 4/2014 LoAR, A-An Tir].

Adjectives that describe heraldic postures or do not lend themselves to clear visual representations have been rejected. For example, in December 2015, we returned the order name Order of the Pierced Hart with the following explanation:

This order name is returned because we do not have evidence of adjectives like pierced modifying the names of heraldic charges for order names. We have evidence for a pattern like this in inn-sign names, but inn-sign names are much more diverse than order names (see the Cover Letter for more details). There is a single example of an order name that uses a participle, Crowned Ibex. A single example is not enough to extrapolate from and pierced is a more abstract term than crowned. [Dragon's Mist, Barony of, 12/2015 LoAR, R-An Tir].

Likewise, in September 2016, we returned the order name Order of the Dolphins Endorsed because there was no evidence of order names using adjectives describing the arrangement of charges. [Kraé Glas, Barony of, 9/2016 LoAR, R-Lochac]. This month, we are returning the order name Order of the Embowed Cedar for similar reasons. (see Avacal -- Returns).

In summary, the category Other Adjective + Charge does not allow all types of adjective to be added to a heraldic charge to create an order name. The Other Adjective must be a clear visual description of the charge itself, like Double or Crowned or Winged. Until evidence supporting such constructions is found, adjectives that describe heraldic postures or arrangements of charges are not acceptable.

July 2017 LoAR (printed September 23, 2017) (West April 3 and April 24, 2017 LOIs)

Cover Letter

From Laurel: New Laurel!

As most of you know, the office of Laurel Sovereign of Arms, Society Herald, recently closed for applications. We had a total of four applications, which is a goodly number for a Society office, and I wish to publicly thank all the applicants:

All of these individuals offered to give up a good deal of their time to serve the College of Arms and the SCA, and while only one was chosen, it is my hope that the rest will continue to enrich the Society with their service.

It is my privilege to announce that the Board has appointed Mistress Juliana de Luna to be the next Laurel Queen of Arms. Juliana hails most recently from the kingdom of An Tir, although she is known throughout the Society for her heraldic work at Pennsic, her driving force and personal touches on SENA as Palimpsest Herald, and her tenure as Pelican Queen of Arms, along with much other heraldic service.

The Laurel office will change hands on October 1, 2017.

From Pelican: Lenition in Gaelic Names

Lenition is a not a concept found in modern English and, as a result, it is an issue that often trips up heralds and submitters creating Gaelic bynames. Lenition, as an initial mutation in Gaelic, is a "softening" of certain consonant sounds at the beginning of words in some grammatical contexts. This pronunciation change is sometimes indicated by a changed spelling as well. Lenition is primarily an issue when creating female Gaelic bynames, but it is also sometimes requires for male Clan Affiliation bynames as well. Where required, the spelling change to show lenition involves adding an "h" after the affected consonant. For guidance on when lenition is (and is not) required by standard Gaelic grammar, heralds and submitters are referred to Effric Neyn Ken3ocht Mcherrald's invaluable "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/).

Over the last several months, Brían dorcha ua Conaill has found numerous examples in which lenition was applied inconsistently and "incorrectly" (as far as standard rules of Gaelic are concerned) by medieval Gaelic authors. In an effort to provide clearer guidance for lenition based on this new data, starting with submissions decided at the January 2018 Pelican decision meeting, the following rule applies:

Standard Gaelic grammar rules for when lenition is required apply unless: (1) the submitter indicates that he or she prefers the unlenited form AND (2) the submitter or commenters provides documentation showing at least three (3) examples in which lenition was not applied to the same first lettter in medieval Gaelic writings in a situation in which it would otherwise be required.

For example, this month, a name was submitted as Sibán ingen Cianáin without lenition of the C in the father's name as required by standard Gaelic grammar. Brían dorcha ua Conaill found more than 100 instances in medieval Gaelic writings where a father's name starting with C was not lenited after ingen. Accordingly, we registered the name as submitted, without lenition. In the future, only three such examples will be required.

The necessary examples of how lenition was applied in practice can be found by searching the raw data in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (https://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/). I recommend using the articles search function found at www.morsulus.org (written by Dame Elsbeth Ann Roth) as a starting place for searching out specific spellings. In addition, those with some facility in Gaelic can search the Annals directly using the search function in the CELT archive (http://celt.ucc.ie/).

From Pelican: On Using Wickenden's A Dictionary of Period Russian Names (aka the Russian Names Database)

Both in its electronic second edition and in its hard copy third edition, Paul Wickenden of Thanet's A Dictionary of Period Russian Names is the major source on Russian names available to SCA heralds and submitters. Unfortunately, the work is not without its flaws, which have become more apparent as time has passed. Although some of the flaws were discussed in the June 2013 Cover Letter, issues have been raised often enough in recent months that we wish to provide two important guidelines for how to use this work.

First, heralds and submitters must keep in mind that the Dictionary gives only the earliest dated instance of a particular name under the heading for that name. For example, although the male given name Nikita was used throughout the SCA's period, under the heading for Nikita, the Dictionary provides only a single example, dated to "before 1147." It is only by searching the Dictionary in its entirety that one finds later-dated examples of Nikita under different headings. Because only the earliest date is given for most names, we generally give submitters the benefit of the doubt that name elements found in the Dictionary are temporally compatible.

In the case of name elements in the Dictionary derived from the names of saints and martyrs, we continue to apply the rule set out in the June 2013 Cover Letter. For names listed with only a very early date (3rd century, for example) and noted to be the name of a saint or martyr, the submitter can rely on the Saint's Name Allowance found in PN1B2d1 to register that element.

Second, Wickenden included far more than just period Russian names in the Dictionary. In addition to Russian names, the Dictionary includes name elements from Lithuanian prince and princesses, Bulgarian kings, Czechs, Finns, and people of the Caucasus region including Georgians, sometimes without clearly indicating their origins. This wide range can be problematic for submitters seeking authentic Russian names.

In particular, Wickenden relied on a book by Mikhail Iakolevich Moroshkin called Slavianskii imenoslov ili, sobranie slavianskikh lichnykh imen (The Slavic Name Book, or a Collection of Slavic Personal Names) that is today in the public domain and freely available online (https://archive.org/details/slavianskimenos00morogoog). Name elements from this source are marked in the Dictionary with the abbreviation [Mor]. Moroshkin was interested primarily in common name elements that appeared across the Slavic languages and, as a result, he grouped name elements together under a "Russified" spelling even if they were found in Latin-language records from Bohemia or German-language records from Poland. Thus, a name element taken from Moroshkin and appearing in the Dictionary may not actually be a Russian element.

Despite these flaws, the Dictionary remains the best generally available source for Russian names and one easily accessible to submitters. Therefore, where the submitter has not requested authenticity, names found in the Dictionary will be treated as Russian, regardless of their source. In addition, we will continue the policy of giving submitters the benefit of the doubt as to temporal compatibility when using name elements found in the Dictionary.

Submitters and heralds attempting to construct authentic Russian names are advised to use the Dictionary with caution. Entries sourced solely from Moroshkin should be avoided because it is likely that they are not truly Russian forms. Name elements that use the letters c or h without a c, k, s or z before it probably were not originally written in Cyrillic. Likewise, names containing the letters j, v or w likely were not originally written in Cyrillic and may not be authentic Russian forms.

We encourage anyone who might be interested in writing an Errata to the Dictionary or writing other Russian/Slavic name articles to contact us for guidance or assistance.

From Wreath: On "displayed" and "affronty" - a call for commentary

In period, the term displayed was primarily used as a posture for birds (especially eagles) with their bodies facing the viewer and legs and wings splayed to either side. It is also used for wings when describing their placement relative to the winged charge. Over the years, usage of displayed in SCA blazonry has come to be applied to winged quadrupeds as a shorthand for statant erect affronty, wings displayed with the forelimbs placed just above the wings for ease of recognition.

The most common application of this term for quadrupeds is dragons, and its use is a step from period practice. However, other postures of winged quadrupeds affronty, when explicitly blazoned (e.g. sejant affronty, wings displayed), do not get called out as a step from period practice.

There are a couple of reasons quadrupeds "displayed" might be a step from period practice. The first is an extension of the ruling about eagles being the only birds displayed in period. However, as cockatrices, frauenadlers, and other bipedal winged creatures were seen displayed in period armory, this might have been an improper extension of the ruling.

The second possibility is that affronty postures for quadrupeds are not often seen in period heraldry, and application of wings to an already rare posture becomes improbable for period armorial design. As far as I know, no one has done a thorough search of period rolls to catalog affronty quadrupeds, so this might be possible.

In the interest of determining whether a winged quadruped statant erect affronty, wings displayed, should remain a step from period practice, we ask the College to provide examples of quadrupeds affronty from rolls of arms or other armorial displays that we consider to be "core heraldry." i.e. Anglo-Norman heraldry prior to 1485. Armorial examples outside of this window are also welcome, but will be given less consideration.

What prompted this search? On three separate occasions during the transition of Wreath, a variation of a dragon displayed with a torso twisted to dexter and the limbs arranged unevenly has been registered with an artist's note to "Please make sure that the belly scales are in the center of the body, with flanks showing on either side and with the limbs displayed equally, to be more properly displayed." A fourth submission using this same depiction appears in this LoAR.

It appears that most of these depictions are coming directly or indirectly from the Pennsic Traceable Art Project. We are in the process of pulling this depiction from the project. Absent documentation, we will cease to register any depictions of animate charges displayed with the torso twisted to dexter or sinister as of the January 2018 decision meeting.

From Wreath: On "dormant" - a call for commentary

The posture of dormant is frequently described by heralds as "meatloafant," because it is notoriously difficult to recognize the type of creature by its silhouette. With legs pulled beneath the body, tail frequently lowered or wrapped, and head down, the outline of the creature becomes an amorphous blob, with defining features largely lacking.

Dormant is found in period heraldic tracts as a theoretical posture (Legh's Accedens of Armory, 1576, fol.44, attributes Azure, a lion dormant Or to the Tribe of Judah), but one that is not found in actual armory prior to the 17th century. A variation on couchant, it's best described as "couchant, head lowered to the forepaws." We generally allow things from period heraldic tracts.

Submitters frequently struggle to depict their charge in this posture while maintaining its identifiability, and submissions are frequently returned for redraw because of this. We ask for commentary from the College of Arms about how to best serve submitters who seek to have a sleeping critter on their arms, so that they can avoid the disappointment and frustration of a return.

From Wreath: On ships and their sails

The recent submission of Giana di Nicholò da Firenze, on the East Kingdom Letter of Intent of November 30, 2016, raised the question of the difference we should give for the tincture of the sails of a ship. This is intimately connected to the question of the difference we should give for the presence or absence of those sails, as well. Past rulings have been contradictory on these matters.

We have several explicit rulings that the tincture of a ship's sails, or their presence or absence, is worth no difference:

Prior Laurel rulings (LoARs of July 91, Nov 91) have granted no difference for the tincture of a ship's sail - just as we grant no difference for sails furled vs. unfurled. [Lars Gilsson, LoAR of Oct 1992]

Conflict with [several armories]. In each case, there is one CD for fieldlessness, but nothing for changing the tincture of the sail. [Daibhidh Ruadh MacLachlan, LoAR of May 1994]

There is one CD for the field (or lack thereof), but nothing for the difference in the tincture of the sails. [Otto the Confused, LoAR of July 1996]

This is our current policy: There is no DC for type of ship (lymphad, drakkar, rowboat, etc.); nor is there a DC for sails furled (or absent altogether) vs. sails unfurled; nor is there a DC for the tincture of an unfurled sail as half the charge.

But a more recent ruling suggests that, for contrast purposes, the sail of a ship is half the charge:

[A caravel proper sailed Or on an argent field] The ship, like most ships, has sails which are roughly half the charge. The ship, therefore, is equally divided of a color (the dark brown wood proper of the hull) and a metal (the Or of the sails). [Damian of Ered Sûl, LoAR of July 2002]

If the ship's sail is half the charge for contrast purposes, then it might be argued to be half the charge for conflict purposes as well. Changing its tincture would therefore be worth difference; moreover, removing it should likewise be worth difference. It would be analogous to the wings of a pegasus: a pegasus argent would have a DC from a pegasus argent winged gules, and likewise a DC from a horse argent.

Giana's submission was pended, and appeared on the Laurel LoPaD of April 23, 2017, wherein commentary on this issue was sought.

Period heraldic examples of ships were presented in commentary, particular cases of a single coat of arms depicted repeatedly over the years. These examples showed, among other things, that the type of ship (the hull, mostly) was subject to much artistic variation. However, the most extensive collections were the arms of the Earldom of Caithness (with a ship under sail) and the Earldom of Orkney (with a ship with sails furled), from Scotland. Despite any changes to the coats over time, Caithness's ship is always shown under full sail, and Orkney's ship is always shown with sails furled - even when the two coats were quartered in the same arms, in the period when the two Earldoms were held by a single person. This suggests that the sails were considered heraldically significant by period heralds.

We are therefore amending our policy on the difference we grant for ships: As before, we grant no difference for type of ship, per se. The shape of the hull, the presence of oars, or the number of masts will count for no difference.

We now grant difference for the presence or absence of sails on a ship. This will mean, for example, a DC between a lymphad (which has its sails furled by default) and a drakkar (which is under full sail by default). No difference will be given between, say, a drakkar and a caravel (or any other late-period sailing ship), since both are ships with sails.

The corollary to this is that the sails, if shown, must be drawn large enough to be considered "half the charge" for contrast and conflict purposes. For instance, we will grant a DC between a lymphad and a lymphad, sails unfurled - but only if the sails are large enough to be worth that difference. A "sailed" ship with insignificant sails will be returned for redrawing.

For sailed ships, we now grant difference for the tincture of the sails. This will mean a DC between, for instance, a drakkar gules and a drakkar gules sailed Or. Note that the sail's tincture is an integral part of the tincture of the charge: between a drakkar gules sailed Or and a drakkar azure is one DC, not two.

The corollary to this is that sail tincture can now be counted against other charges in addition to ships. For instance, between a drakkar gules sailed Or and a lion gules, we have one DC for type of charge and one DC for its tincture.

In the specific case which prompted this discussion, the submission of Giana di Nicholò da Firenze (Argent, a bend sinister vert, overall a wyvern erect sable), we find it clear of the device of Charles the Traveler (Argent, a bend sinister vert, overall a drakkar sable its sail paly gules and argent). There's now one DC for tincture of half of the overall charge, as well as one DC for its type.

West Acceptances - July LoAR

Absalon Wyscard. Name.

Submitted as Absalone Wyscard, the given name is not in the nominative (base) form. We have changed the name to the correct nominative form, Absalon_ in order to register this name.

Nice 13th century Scottish name!

Adrian Thorne. Name and device. Sable, a triskelion of spirals within and conjoined to a serpent in annulo vorant of its tail, a bordure argent.

Nice 16th century English name!

Artist's note: Please draw the head of the serpent larger.

There is a step from period practice for the use of a triskelion of spirals.

Anys Wynter of Oertha. Name.

Oertha is the registered name of an SCA branch.

Beatrice de Moreby. Name.

Deva Dragonova. Name and device. Azure, a drinking horn argent and in chief three bezants.

The submitter should be aware that this name may not be Russian in origin. The author of A Dictionary of Period Russian Names included many names that are not Russian, but are instead Czech, Serbian, German, and Polish in origin. It is unclear whether any of these names were actually used in Russia. Digging into the sources underlying A Dictionary of Period Russian Names, the elements in this name appear to be Czech and Serbian, rather than Russian.

Because we have exceptionally few sources for Russian names, we will continue to give submitters who do not request authenticity the benefit of the doubt that names found in all editions of A Dictionary of Russian Names are registerable Russian names. As this submitter did not request authenticity, we are registering her name as submitted. However, she should be aware that Dragonova in particular is implausible for Russian because it uses a presumably Czech name to create a Russian-style patronymic byname.

See the Cover Letter for further information concerning Russian names

Esmeralda of the Lakes. Device. Per saltire sable and purpure, a reremouse Or, a chief potenty purpure and Or.

Gianetta Mare da Venezia. Name and device. Per chevron vert and azure, two sexfoils and an anchor argent.

Gisla {OE}ðikollr. Name and device. Argent, in pale a domestic cat sejant vert and an anvil sable.

Gisla {OE}ðikollr. Badge. (Fieldless) Atop an anvil sable, a domestic cat dormant vert.

Artist's note: Please draw the cat with the tail brought into line with the top of the anvil, so as not to overlap it.

Halla in mjóva. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

Rolf orðlokarr. Name and device. Argent, a sun in his splendor and in chief two crosses crosslet gules.

Senan Wray of Lymricke. Name and device. Per saltire wavy argent and sable, two swans naiant contourny sable.

This name combines a late period Gaelic saint's name with English elements, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

Sophie Brandeis. Badge. Azure, in pale a sea-mew volant wings addorsed argent maintaining in its beak a fish, and a castle Or.

Úlfarr veiðimaðr Eysteinsson. Exchange of primary and alternate name.

Úlfarr veiðimaðr Eysteinsson is now the submitter's primary name. His previous name, Angelo Sidoti is now his alternate name.

Won Cheol. Name.

Although at one time Korean names were not registerable, in February 2015, we ruled that "late period Korean names are registerable under the standards of SENA." [Jeong Cheongju Han, 2/2015 LoAR, A-Trimaris] The submitter documented the elements of this name in late period Korean.

Submitted as Won Cheol of the Wonju Won Clan, it is unclear whether the phrase of the Wonju Won Clan is a true transliteration of the Korean or something closer to a lingua Anglica rendering. With the submitter's permission we have dropped of the Wonju Won Clan for registration.

Finally, heralds and submitters are reminded that, as stated the Administrative Handbook, "translations must be provided for any sources not in English." This is not a technicality. Untranslated documents are not helpful to Pelican or her staff. While we give some leeway for untranslated documents in standard European languages, for which people who read or speak the language are easily available, we were unable to make any use of the untranslated Korean documents provided here. Luckily for the submitter, sufficient information was available to allow us to register the name without those documents.

Yang Hyojeon. Name.

Although at one time Korean names were not registerable, in February 2015, we ruled that "late period Korean names are registerable under the standards of SENA." [Jeong Cheongju Han, 2/2015 LoAR, A-Trimaris] The submitter documented the elements of this name in late period Korean.

Heralds and submitters are reminded that, as stated the Administrative Handbook, "translations must be provided for any sources not in English." This is not a technicality. Untranslated documents are not helpful to Pelican or her staff. While we give some leeway for untranslated documents in standard European languages, for which people who read or speak the language are easily available, we were unable to make any use of the untranslated Korean documents provided here. Luckily for the submitter, sufficient information was available to allow us to register the name without those documents.

West Returns - July LoAR

Halla in mjóva. Device. Quarterly sable and vert, a Bowen cross within an orle argent.

This device was withdrawn by the submitter.

In Service,
Edith of Swanesdale,
Matins Herald

SUBMISSONS – September (2017)

Angus Tyresson (NEW Badge sent to Laurel)

Badge: (Fieldless) On a portcullis argent, a wolf’s head erased sable.

Annale Breylin (NEW Name sent to Laurel)

Submitter cares about sound (ann-ell bray-lynn) and the gender of the name (female). No authenticity request.

Annale – from Family Search, ‘Annale Zeidler’ christened 22 Mar 1598 in Germany [https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NC3S-386]. This entry is from the "C" batch, which is generally acceptable according to Laurel [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/familysearch.html]. It is unlikely that this name meets the submitter’s pronunciation request, since in German the terminal “e” is voiced, and so would likely be “AHN-eh-lee.”

Breylin – from Family Search, ‘Katharina Breylin’ who had a son christened 19 Mar 1582 in Germany [https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NC7H-LTT]. This entry is from the "C" batch, which is generally acceptable according to Laurel [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/familysearch.html].

The German name formation <given + byname> is found in SENA Appendix A.

Ari Ella (NEW Name and Device sent to Laurel)

Submitter cares about the gender (female) of the name. No authenticity request. Submitter will NOT accept MAJOR changes.

Ari – from Family Search, ‘Ari Nashe’ married 16 Jul 1599 in England [https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N29V-BPL]. This entry is from the "M" batch, which is generally acceptable according to Laurel [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/familysearch.html].

Ella – from Family Search, ‘Ella Berrod’ married 23 Sep 1599 in England [https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NLML-HH9]. This entry is from the "M" batch, which is generally acceptable according to Laurel [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/familysearch.html]. Also in Withycombe, p. 100 under the header Ella: "fairly common from the Conquest until about the 14th century".

The English name formation <given + unmarked matronymic> is found in SENA Appendix A.

Sable, a tree blasted and eradicated argent and in base a six-pointed mullet Or, on a chief embattled argent three crescents pendant azure.

Cynthia Fayrfax (Device RESUB to Laurel, sent to Laurel)

Azure, a wingless dragon statant contourny Or.

Previous Submission, returned on the LoAR April 2015: Or, a wingless dragon passant contourny sable. “This device is returned for conflict with the device of Arian Rhyindelas of Aldalome: Argent, a six-headed, double-tailed, wingless hydra counterstatant sable. There is a DC for changing the field but nothing for the type of monster and nothing for the number of heads or tails.” Changing the tinctures clears the listed conflict on the previous return.

Danaë FitzRoberts (NEW Badge sent to Laurel)

Bendy argent and gules, a polypus and a bordure vert.

Evert van Eyck de Vriese (NEW Name and Device sent to Laurel; see Returns for Badge)

Submitter cares about the gender of the name (male) and will not accept MAJOR changes. Authenticity request: language and/or culture (Dutch).

Evert – one instance of ‘Evert’ in “Dutch Given Names from 1573” by Sara l. Uckelman [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/dutch/dutch1573.html]. Also found in "15th Century Dutch Names", by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman) at: [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/dutch/dutch15.html], dated 1422, 1432-33, 1478, 1478-81(S), 1518.

van Eyck – ‘van Eyck’ dated 1423-33 in “15th Century Dutch Names” by Sara L. Uckelman [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/dutch/dutch15surnames.html]

de Vriese – ‘de Vriese’ dated 1526, 1531, 1532, 1540, 1541, 1542, 1547, 1548, 1550, 1551, 1555, 1558 in “Names from Antwerp, 1443-1550: Surnames” by Sara L. Uckelman and Kym Banoczi [http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/dutch/surnamesplaiser.html]. ‘de’ is also the appropriate descriptive for Dutch per SENA Appendix A.

The Dutch form, given+byname+locative byname, is shown in SENA, Appendix A, which states that the second byname is usually a locative.

Quarterly argent and sable, a mullet of eight points and a bordure vert.

Fendrake Marsh, Shire of (Device Change sent to Laurel)

Device Change: Or masoned sable, a wyvern erect vert, on a chief embattled vert three laurel wreaths Or.

Current Registration, Aug 1998 (via the West): Vert, a laurel wreath, on a chief embattled argent three ducks close vert, to be retained as Ancient Arms. Correctly formed and dated petition, with signatures and an emblazon of the submitted device was received from the branch.

Gunnar Bjarnylr Hildisson (NEW Name and Device sent to Laurel)

Submitter cares about language and/or culture (9th Century Norse) and the gender of the name (male). No authenticity request.

Gunnar – No Copy Source [Geirr Bassi], p. 10 s.n. ‘Gunarr’ meaning warrior/figure in Norse Mythology – a common Norse given name. In Nordiskt runnamnslexikon (The Dictionary of Norse Runic Names), by Lena Peterson, p. 74, under the header ‘Gunnarr’, ‘Gunnar’ is shown as an alternate spelling. This source is available at: [http://www.sprakochfolkminnen.se/download/18.4aec91b214565240e19f20/1398493750944/lexikon.pdf]. The abbreviations associated with the spelling <Gunnar> are "fda" = Old Danish and fsv = "Old Swedish".

Bjarnylr – No Copy Source [Geirr Bassi], p. 20 s.n. ‘bjarnylr’ meaning bear’s warmth / proof against frost and cold.

Hildisson – No Copy Source [Geirr Bassi], p. 10 s.n. ‘Hildir’ meaning battle. Per Bassi, p. 17, the patronymic form of given names ending in "-ir" is to drop the "r" and add "-sson".

The Scandinavian name formation <given + byname + patronymic> is found in SENA Appendix A.

Per pale sable and Or, a bat-winged ferret rampant gules.

Hosokawa no Shitagau (NEW Name and Device sent to Laurel)

Submitter cares about language and/or culture (none noted) and the gender of the name (male). No authenticity request.

Hosokawa – No Copy Source: NCMJ (2nd ed), p. 105. Listed as Type S which indicates a surname [p. 69].

no – No Copy Source: NCMJ (2nd ed), p, 23 "A complete Japanese name is constructed by stringing elementary names together so that preceding names or name groups modify succeeding names. Possessive `no' and enumerative `ga' sometimes appear between elementary names or even joining thematic elements within a single elementary name."

Shitagau – No Copy Source: NCMJ (2nd ed), p, 214 dated 1600. Male nanori.

This name is a correctly formed Japanese name per NCMJ.

Argent, a reremouse sable within a bordure azure.

Katla Auðardóttir {Katla Au(dt)ard(o’)ttir} (NEW Name and Device sent to Laurel)

Submitted as Katla Auðrsdóttir: we are submitting with the patronymic properly formed as per Geirr Bassi, which we feel is not a Major change, and so meets the submitter’s requests. Submitter cares about sound (none noted) and the gender of the name (female). No authenticity request. Submitter will NOT accept MAJOR changes.

Katla – No Copy Source [Geirr Bassi], p. 12 ‘Katla’.

Auðardóttir – No Copy Source [Geirr Bassi], p. 8 nominative is ‘Auðr’ which can be a male or female given name. Per Bassi, p. 18, the genitive for either the male or female would be “Auðar-”.

The Scandinavian name formation <given + patronymic> is found in SENA Appendix A, formed using the genitive of the father’s name and dóttir.

Per chevron ploye sable and gules, two musimons combatant and a Norse sun-cross argent.

Katrina Yarbrough (NEW Name and Device sent to Laurel)

Submitter cares about sound (none noted) and the gender of the name (female). No authenticity request. Submitter will NOT accept MAJOR changes.

Katrina – from FamilySearch, `Katrina Cutmar' christened 01 Feb 1588 in England [https://www.familysearch.org/search/record/results?count=20&query=%2Bgivenname%3AKatrina~%20%2Bsurname%3ACutmar~]. It is from the "C" batch, which is generally acceptable according to Laurel [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/familysearch.html].

Yarbrough – from FamilySearch, `Marye Yarbrough' christened 27 Feb 1588 [https://www.familysearch.org/search/record/results?count=20&query=%2Bgivenname%3AMarye~%20%2Bsurname%3AYarbrough~]. It is from the "C" batch, which is generally acceptable according to Laurel [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/familysearch.html].

The English name formation <given + byname> is found in SENA Appendix A.

Per fess azure and argent, two suns Or and a tree couped gules.

Ovie Bjornsdóttir {Ovie Bjornsd(o’)ttir} (NEW Name and Device sent to Laurel)

Submitted as Ovie Bjarnsdóttir {Ovie Bjarnsd(o’)ttir}, we have made the least impactful change that we can document. Submitter cares about language and/or culture (byname only: Norse - Viking Age) and the gender of the name (female).

Ovie – legal name allowance, document provided. Per SENA PN.1.B.2.e, "Name phrases from the submitter's legal names may be used". The name phrase must be used in precisely the way that it is spelled on the legal document, with exceptions allowed for documents with all the letters capitalized or that omit punctuation and letter markings.

Bjornsdóttir – <Bjornsson> - Svenskt Diplomatariums huvudkartotek över medeltidsbreven includes the Latin language document SDHK-nr: 2301, dated 1309, which includes: "Ego philippus bjornsson" (https://sok.riksarkivet.se/sdhk?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=2301). Per SENA, -dóttir would be “daughter of” with the genitive “Bjorns-”

The Scandinavian name formation <given + patronymic> is found in SENA Appendix A.

Per bend Or and sable, a sinister hand apame, a bordure gules.

Sara au Petit Rose (NEW Name)

Submitter cares about meaning (none noted) and the gender of the name (female).

Sara – ‘Sarre’ from An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris by Lord Colm Dubh under S [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paris.html#S] and in the same Article under Jewish names [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paris.html#jewish]; Sara in the submitted spelling can be found in "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JQT5-S94 : 30 December 2014, Sara Clarke, 07 May 1549); citing WHITE NOTLEY,ESSEX,ENGLAND, Batch#C04754-1.

au – SENA Appendix A “French: Locatives may be derived from place names, in the form de X (or d'X, if X starts with a vowel); from generic toponyms, with du X, de la X, or des X; or from signs, with au Z, àa Z, or aus/aux Z."

Petit Rose – extrapolated sign name from ‘Inn Signs and House Names in 15th Century Paris’ by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) [http://medievalscotland.org/jes/ParisInnHouseNames/]. Shows ‘Rose/Roze’ under “Heraldic descriptions”; and Petit Signe (little swan) under “Other Heraldic Depictions”.

The French name formation <given + locative article + byname derived from an inn sign> is found in SENA Appendix A. The language combination English and French is acceptable per Appendix C.


Evert van Eyck de Vriese (NEW Badge)

Argent, on a roundel vert another quarterly argent and sable, overall a mullet of eight points vert. OR (Fieldless) On a roundel quarterly argent and sable a mullet of eight points within an annulet vert.

This Badge submission is returned due to the blazon being drawn in a circular shape within the square on the form and because the blazon (and emblazon, assuming the circle-shape) exactly match the device submission. As per the requirements of the SCA College of Arms, a piece of armory must have at least one difference from any other piece of registered armory (even if registered to the same person).

If the submitter intended this depiction to represent a Fieldless badge made up of a roundel quarterly argent and sable, within an annulet and charged with a mullet vert, this badge still requires a return as this charge pattern is not allowed.

William Van Prahl (NEW Name and Device RETURNED)

Submitter cares about meaning (none noted) and the gender of the name (male). Authenticity request: language and/or culture (11-12th century German if William van Prahl do not work together). Submitter will NOT accept MAJOR changes.

Formerly known as ‘Jordan Prahl’, unregistered.

This name and device submission are returned for rework.

The name, William Van Prahl, cannot be documented without Major Changes, which the submitter will not allow (the closest options suggested were either to the German ‘Wilhelmus Praal’ or ‘Wilhelmus von Brühl’ or the English ‘William Pralle’).

Vert, a bear (rampant or salient) argent maintaining on it’s dexter shoulder a log fesswise proper.

The device is returned for two reasons: the name could not be documented, and without a name the device cannot be submitted. Additionally, the bear is returned for redrawing, for blurring the distinction between salient and rampant postures. The posture should either be drawn ‘rampant’ (the closest, according to the heralds commenting), or reworked into an allowable posture and resubmitted. Please review depictions of the allowed quadruped postures at [http://heraldry.sca.org/armory/quadruped-postures.html].

If the bear is rampant, salient, or sejant erect, no conflict was found at this time. Comment from the heralds that the bear is mis-shapen with large front quarters and small hind quarters and could be redrawn in a more proportional depiction.

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