Minutes of the November, 2015 Heralds Meeting

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MINUTES OF THE MONTHLY MEETING – November 15, 2015
(11:00 am to 1:50 pm)

The meeting was held at Green Crown’s home. The NEXT meeting will be held at the Concord Hilton, in conjunction with 12th Night Coronation. In general, all future meetings will be held at Green Crown’s home (564 Broadmoor Blvd., San Leandro, CA 94577; email greencrownwest@yahoo.com for directions).

ATTENDEES:
Frederick of Holland, Vesper; Aasa Thorvaldsdottir, Seawolf; Krysta of Starfall, Green Crown; Hirsch von Henford, Golem; eilis o’Boirne, Banner; Astrid of Swansdale, Latimer; Dafydd Waleis, Nebuly P. and CoH Exchequer; Gwenhwyfaer ferch Gwilym, PaL/Archivist; Edith of Swansdale, Cornet; Margaret Pye, Cornet/Dep. Sable Swan.

COLLEGE OF HERALDS MEETINGS
Heralds’ Meetings for 2016: January 10, 2016 (at the Concord Hilton), March 6, May 22, July 10, September 18, November 20, January 8, 2017 (at 12th Night). Meetings begin at 11AM, with walk-in processing no later than 10:30AM. “Road show” meetings, if any, will be announced well in advance.

The DEADLINES for submission forms and documentation are: December 30, 2015; February 24; May 11; June 25; September 7; November 9; December 28. Submission forms must be complete, and received either via EMAIL or hardcopy by the deadline date at midnight to be considered at the next meeting (which is about 11 days later, except for June/July due to West-AnTir War). If the forms are EMAILED, then payment must arrive by the meeting day. WALK-IN submissions will only be considered if there is time, but in most cases will be delayed until the next meeting so that each submission can be reviewed fully.

Walk-in submissions may be held over until the following meeting at the discretion of Matins.

We are conducting some preliminary name research through the West Kingdom heraldic consultation mailing list wkheralds_consults@yahoogroups.com. This list is open to all those interested in West Kingdom book heraldry: both names and devices, and either to contribute or to ask questions. To join the list, please subscribe through Yahoo or at wkheralds_consults-subscribe@yahoogroups.com. If you subscribe by e-mail, you can complete the process by replying to the confirmation e-mail; it is not necessary to log in to Yahoo. Please note that initial posts are moderated and thus may not appear on the list immediately.


REPORTS

Vesper: Laurel approved Flieg to continue on another year as Vesper, with successor in training. Their Majesties have agreed to extend Vesper. Vesper has a successor-in-training, but not ready to take over, since she is training her successor at the moment. Baldric and Latimer are looking for successors as soon as possible, Green Crown is looking for someone to take over as Matins, specifically someone who has not previously held the title. Request went out this month for the principality heralds to send in reports.

Seawolf: Mists Principality populace badge is scheduled for review and submission today. Investiture is next weekend, deputy and Seawolf are working for heraldic coverage of this. Seawolf has a deputy/successor, who is awesome.

Sable Swan: not present, no report (Deputy Sable Swan present)

Stellanordica: not present, no report

Exchequer: The College of Heralds has money.

Matins (vacant - Green Crown reporting): The first “test” Kingdom LOI (for internal commenting only) is now up and running for pre-meeting comments and educational use. It is set up for West Kingdom OSCAR users. Laurel has changed the deadlines for the Laurel packets from the end of the month following External LOI publication to the 10th of the month following publication. Maintained and sustained has formally changed, specifics reported in the newest Cover Letter/August 2015 LoAR (see below).

Green Crown: More KLoI information: The plan is to have the KLOI available approx. 7 days prior to future meetings, to gather final name documentation and to encourage education, research and participation by and for heralds who cannot physically come to the meetings. To facilitate this, we had a discussion around specifying a date that all submissions must meet for consideration at the next meeting. Vesper plans to give access to anyone on the West Kingdom Herald's Roster who has or creates an OSCAR account access to view and comment on the internal LOI. Discussion around what message to send out to new users about what makes an appropriate comment / potential warning that people making inappropriate comments will have their commenting privileges removed.

Banner: Desperately need to replace the bag that carries the books and tabards, current canvas bag is audibly failing when lifted. Banner is going to find a bag of the correct size and deliver it to Leticia for transfer of the embroidery. If everything goes smoothly, the new bag will be in place by Twelfth Night.

Baldric: (not present – Flieg, Eilis, Krysta reporting) Herald's Collegium happened yesterday. Turnout was not quite what was hoped for, but the training and discussions were very good. Conversation happened about when, where and how future Collegia will occur. Currently there is a Herald's Collegium on the Kingdom Calendar for 2/6, but this needs to be cancelled and moved either to the Saturday before the March meeting or to Golden Beltane. Time has been reserved on the Monday of Golden Beltane to hold the Spring Collegium. There is also a stand-alone calendar date for fall Collegium (November 12), but there was discussion around combining this with the Collegium Occidentalis, with one room for heraldic classes all day long. Herald's Meeting is now scheduled for the day after Collegium Occidentalis. Banner suggests if this proceeds that Senior Heralds meet the Sunday before to finalize classes/schedule for the Collegium. Will require coordination with Collegium staff.

Brachet: No new news, except that he was able to be present at this meeting. Would like to start holding Brachet meetings in Southern Shores. Vesper response is to go ahead and start these up in whatever time frame and format works for Brachet, as these are traditionally the best training for book heraldry. Discussion that Thursdays may be the best week day. Discussion on how to publicize in a format that will reach out to potential new heralds (Facebook, etc.).

Greencloak: not present - eilis - March Crown is going to be an unusual format (counted blows tournament). The fights may be longer than is normal in regular, double elimination style. Test tournament will be run before the Crown tourney to see how it works. Heralds will announce the fight, marshals will reset the fighters after each blow. We do not anticipate a big impact on the demand for heraldry/individual heralds.

Latimer: Consultation table was at the last tourneys of the year, these last few resulted in a much diminished turnout than the massive quantities of submissions seen earlier in the year. Next formal consultation table will be at March Crown. Looking for a successor, not only because she has held the title for a long time, but also because it is becoming physically difficult to move the boxes of books.

Golem: Awards List is still progressing well with no real issues. Still waiting for awards submissions from Cynagua Coronet at the end of October. Website is working well. In the last Minutes posted on the West Kingdom Heralds website Golem included links at the top that move the reader directly to the section they want to view. Suggestion that Deputies for Principality heralds also receive the awards notifications. Golem can add this easily as long as he has the necessary email addresses. Goal for the next (unspecified) time period is to convert the Awards List to a new format, a format that will be easier if someone else has to take over the office. (Kip confirms that everything Hirsch works on can be used on other computers and also is the full offsite backup for the data Hirsch records.)

Archivist (Gwenhwyfaer): presently custodian of the West Kindgom Heraldic files. Occasionally receives requests for information from the files from Wreath or Pelican, usually. When the Principalities that became Kingdoms broke off, did the files get sent to the new kingdoms? Answer: yes for the early ones (AnTir and CAID), no for Lochac, because they already had duplicates and it would have been ruinously expensive to ship that much paper to Australia.


ANNOUNCEMENTS / Other Business

Laurel requires now 0 (zero) paper submissions – we need only one copy and Matins doesn’t mail anything to Laurel, just sends scans. Effective immediately we will only require from submitters:

Name submission: one copy and documentation
Device submission: one line drawing, one colored drawing, with documentation if needed
Badge submission: one line drawing, one colored drawing, documentation as needed
Money: $10 for name+device or name+badge, $6 for individual submissions.

Colored submissions are still required to be hand colored using markers, not crayons or pencils, and must be colored with “quality markers” so colors don’t change; we encourage the use of Crayola Classic markers. If the submission is not colored in true colors, the College is required to send it back.

SUBMISSIONS GUIDELINES

GENERAL ANNOUNCEMENTS

MAILING LIST: The West Kingdom College of Heralds has a mailing list for internal communication. Any herald is welcome to join by request. To join the list, please subscribe at wkheralds-subscribe@yahoogroups.com.

ELECTRONIC RESOURCES: Many interesting heraldic links can be found through the SCA Heraldry web page at http://www.sca.org/heraldry, including the Laurel home page, the on-line Armorial and Ordinary (with search capabilities) and The Academy of St. Gabriel (an onomastic and heraldic consultation service). The West Kingdom Heraldry site and the West Kingdom Awards List can be accessed through the West Kingdom site, http://www.westkingdom.org. Heraldic queries may also be addressed to Vesper at herald@westkingdom.org -- answers may take a few days.

West Kingdom College of Heralds Minutes are published on the web. They may be read at or printed from the heralds' website at http://heralds.westkingdom.org/Minutes.htm.

BRACHET MEETINGS
The office of Brachet Herald was filled as of the September meeting; no commenting meetings are being held, but Brachet is brainstorming to try to do e-meetings. More news soon.


EXCERPTS FROM THE LOARS

The cover letters, acceptances and returns for the past can be found at http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/. If you are interested in responding to some of the calls for commentary put out by the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, please be sure to visit the site.

August 2015 LoAR (printed October 13, 2015) (West LoI May 21, 2015)

Cover Letter

From Laurel: A Herald Extraordinary

Readers should be familiar with the July 1981 cover letter from Wilhelm that established the practice of granting the rank of Herald Extraordinary, and conveying the right to a Personal Heraldic Title to an individual who has given exemplary service to the College of Arms.

In accordance with this practice, and by the virtue of my office as Laurel King of Arms, I hereby name and style Rory ua Riada a Herald Extraordinary, and charge him to register a personal heraldic title with the College of Arms at his earliest convenience.

We are very grateful for Master Rory's work on behalf of the College of Arms, as well as the Kingdom of Gleann Abhann, and are pleased to be able to honor him this way.

From Pelican: Protection of Real World Orders

This month, we decided whether the historical Order of Alcantara was worthy of super-protection under NPN4B2 of SENA, or whether it could be registered with the addition of the phrase of branch name. SENA states:

Order and award names may not include the names of the peerage orders or overt references to famous knightly orders such as the Garter. Other types of non-personal names may only use such elements in contexts where no reference to the order is likely to be perceived by members of the order and the general populace.

In addition, the wider question of which "famous knightly orders" are worthy of such protection was discussed.

The majority of commenters and those present at the Pennsic Roadshow agreed that super-protection of all real world orders was not necessary and that only the most important orders need to be super-protected. Examples of these "most important" orders are the Garter and the Golden Fleece. The use of these substantive elements in order names or in other submissions that can be confused with these orders is not permitted.

Less famous or less important real world orders can still be deemed worthy of normal protection in their documented forms, although changes can remove the appearance of presumption as described in NPN3 of SENA. However, those at the Roadshow overwhelmingly thought that a protected historical order name to which of branch name has been added is still presumptuous. Therefore, after the February 2016 Pelican meeting, we will no longer allow the addition of a branch name to a historical order name to remove the appearance of presumption. A rules letter will be drafted by Palimpsest. The submission on this month's letter has been registered.

From Pelican: Summarize, summarize, summarize (and other housekeeping items)!

As discussed at KWHSS in the meetings with the submissions and principal heralds, we've noticed a number of recent Letters of Intent with missing documentation such as lack of summarization of what a source says and the full bibliographic information like author names and titles of sources. Citing Appendix H sources simply by their standard identifier (e.g., Geirr Bassi or Ekwall) is acceptable. An attached image containing the documentation summary is not sufficient - the information needs to be in the text of the Letter of Intent itself. Missing information impacts the amount of time it takes commenters and Sovereigns to review the Letters of Intent, and greatly increases the duration of the decision meetings.

If changes are suggested in kingdom or better documents are provided by internal commenters, it is fine to make the modifications to the name and documentation summary before sending the name to Laurel. All we need to know are (a) what was submitted and why it was changed, and (b) what the submitter wants. It is not always easy to tell if the submitter prefers the originally submitted form, the one in the Letter of Intent, or something else entirely. If the preference is expressed as clearly as possible, it will save me an email or two down the line. This also applies if an option from commentary is run by the submitter. If we know what is Plan A, and what is Plan B (and so forth), it is very helpful and helps us focus on what is most important. When a submitter asks about an alternative, please let us know whether we should change it to that form if we can document it.

A related question was raised recently about when a request for reconsideration should be used instead of a name change. RfRs are discussed in section IV.4 of the Administrative Handbook, as well as in the April 2011 Cover Letter. Basically, RfRs can be used if we change a name at some point, either in kingdom or at Laurel, and the submitter doesn't like the change, or they prefer a form we suggest in the LoAR. This assumes that what they prefer is registerable and that it is mentioned somewhere along the line during the submission and registration process. This applies even if we made the change in good faith, e.g., to meet an authenticity request or because the submitter expressed an interest in a different spelling. A name change should be used if the submitter wakes up one day and decides they want something different. For example, "I submitted Bob, I considered Robert, you registered Robert, but I want to go back to Bob" is an RfR. "...but what I really want now is Charles" is a name change. If you have an edge case, feel free to contact the Sovereigns to find out which should be used.

Lastly, another question was raised whether having the attestation of the legal name in the Letter of Intent, but not on the submission form or in commentary, is permitted. This is acceptable, but we recommend that this information be included somewhere in the submission packet. A note on the submission form is sufficient.

From Pelican: Scandinavian Alternative Titles

Orle Herald proposed changes to list of alternate titles at http://heraldry.sca.org/titles.html. The proposal was split into four Ansteorran Letters of Intent dated November 23, January 23, February 4, and February 28, all of which were considered at the May 2015 Pelican decision meeting. The decision was delayed due to a lack of commentary on the proposal.

When the proposal was made, Table 4 included Danish titles, and Table 5 included Middle Norwegian, Swedish, Icelandic, and Old Norse titles. Orle proposed splitting the titles into Viking Age Iceland, Norway, Denmark, and Sweden, and Medieval Norway, Denmark, and Sweden. A number of modern titles were eliminated, and other period ones were added. Orle's documentation and research can be found at http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/Stars/Titles/Scandinavian_Titles.htm. The List of Alternate Titles is intended to "allow those in the Society with various personae to use titles appropriate to those personae". However, we note that the Society's hierarchy does not fit a particular historic model, so our use of alternate titles does not always correspond to how they were used in period.

We are making the following changes:

- For "King", the titles are Konungr for Viking Age Norway and Sweden; Konungr and Konung for Viking Age Denmark; Konungr and Konung(h) for Medieval Norway; Konung(h), Koning(h), and Konig for Medieval Denmark; and Konung(h), Konung(e)r, and Kununger for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Queen", the titles are Dróttning for Viking Age Norway, Denmark, and Sweden; Drotning(h), Drotingenne, Drotnigh, and Dronning for Medieval Norway; and Drotning for Medieval Denmark and Sweden. The titles for "Queen Regnant" in Viking Age Norway would be Hofuðdróttning and Meykongr.

- For "Prince", the titles are Oðlingr for Viking Age Norway; Jungherra, Junc(k)her, Junkher, Forste, F(f)ørste, and Furst(e) for Medieval Norway; Furst for Medieval Denmark; and Först for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Princess", the titles are Jung- Junc- Jun(c)k-/-frú -fru -frw -fraw, Førstinne, Førstinde, Forstinna, and Furstinde for Medieval Norway; Jungfrauwe, Junckfruw, and Juncvrow for Medieval Denmark; and Junc(k)fru(e) for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Duke", the titles are Hertogi for Viking Age Norway; Hertogi, Hertug(h), and Hertog(h) for Medieval Norway; Hertug, Hertig, Herteghe, Hertoge, and Hertogh(e) for Medieval Denmark; and Hertugh and Hætogher for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Duchess", the titles are Hertogakona for Viking Age Norway; Hertug(h)inna and Hertog(h)inna for Medieval Norway; and Hertoghinne for Medieval Denmark and Sweden.

- For "Count", the titles are Jarl for Viking Age Norway and Sweden; Jarl, Greifi, Greffue, Gre(ff)we, and Greff for Medieval Norway; Jarl, Greue, and Greffue for Medieval Denmark; and Jarl and Greifi for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Countess", the titles are Jarlkona and Jarlskona for Viking Age Norway; Grevinne, Grefinne, and Greffinne for Medieval Norway; and Grevinne for Medieval Denmark and Sweden.

- For "Viscount" and "Viscountess", no evidence could be found to support analogues to these titles prior to 1650.

- For "Master", the titles are Meistari, Íþróttamaðr, Kennari, and Lærifaðir for Viking Age Iceland and Norway; Meistare, Mester, Meister, Magister, and Lærer for Medieval Norway; Mesteri and Mæster for Medieval Denmark; and Mæistari, Mæstare, and Mæster for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Mistress", the titles are Íþróttakona and Lærimóðir for Viking Age Iceland and Norway; Mesterinde, Lærerinde, and Læremoder for Medieval Norway; Læremoder for Medieval Denmark; and Läremoder and Mästarinna for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Knight", the titles are Kappi for Viking Age Iceland; Riddari, Ridd(h)are, Ridd(h)ere, and Ridder for Medieval Norway; Ridd(h)er(e) for Medieval Denmark; and Riddare, Riddere, and Ryttare for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Sir", the form of address is Herra for Medieval Norway; Her for Medieval Denmark; and Her, Herra, and Hærre for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Baron", the titles are Goði, Hofðingi, and Ágætr maðr for Viking Age Iceland; Hersir for Viking Age Norway; Landmanna for Viking Age Denmark; Lendr maðr and Barún for Medieval Norway; Landmannr for Medieval Denmark; and Barun for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Baroness", the titles are Ágætr kona for Viking Age Iceland; and Hersirkona, Hersiskona, and Ágætr kona for Viking Age Norway. No analogues were found for Medieval Norway, Denmark, or Sweden.

- For "Lord", the titles are Drót(t)in for Viking Age Norway; Drot(t)in for Viking Age Denmark; Drottin for Viking Age Sweden; Herra, Herre, and Her for Medieval Norway; Her and Drót(t)in(n) for Medieval Denmark; and Drotin for Medieval Sweden.

- For "Lady", the titles are Frú, Frauva, Frouva, and Frou for Viking Age Norway; Fruha for Viking Age Denmark; Fru(e), Frw(e), Frv(e), Fruwe, Ffrve, Ffrw, and Ffrue for Medieval Norway; Frue, Fruæ, Frughæ, and Frowe for Medieval Denmark; and Fru, Fruæ, Frw(e), Frwæ, Fru(u)a, and Frugha for Medieval Sweden.

All other alternate titles for the previous language categories have been eliminated. Accents can be dropped if needed to be consistent with an individual's name. We note that the titles were generally used as bynames, particularly in the Viking Age, and usually appeared in lower case. An exception is Herra ("Sir" or "Lord"), which was borne before the individual's name.

We thank Orle for all of her hard work documenting the various titles and collating and graphing the data, and for the assistance of Eirik Halfdanarson for his work in issuing the special Letters of Intent.

From Pelican: Alternate Titles in Turkish

In January 2015, we put out a call for a discussion on whether to accept a proposal from Green Staff:

In November 2014, Green Staff pointed out that some of our current alternate titles in Turkish were not used in period, and suggested period forms. Thank you to Green Staff for her hard work.

The current List of Alternate Titles is found at http://heraldry.sca.org/titles.html.

Barones, Kontess, Vikontess, Des are the modern Turkish borrowings of the English Baroness, Countess, Viscountess, and Duchess, respectively. No evidence was found that any of these forms were used in period. If this proposal is accepted, these titles would be released.

For Lady, Hanimefendi is a compound form of Hanm, a Turkish form of Khanum ("royal woman"), and Efendi, a modern Turkish title. No evidence was found that this compound was used in period. If this proposal is accepted, Hanimefendi would be released.

The proposal suggested a replacement for all of these titles: Hatun or Htn, a period transliteration of the modern Khatun. Khatun is a Turkic title used by the wives and female relatives of the rulers of various Central Asian states through much of our period. Htn is the usual title for daughters of the sultans through the early 15th century. By the 16th century, however, forms of this title was used by lower-ranking women, for example, court records show townswomen in Istanbul with the title Hatun. Therefore, Green Staff recommended its use for women holding rank from Lady through royal peerage. As a reminder, in use, Turkish titles follow the given name.

We understand that normal Society practice is that our titles reflect our hierarchy. However, if this proposal is accepted, this would not be the case for our Turkish alternative titles. As there was only a single comment in OSCAR concerning this proposal, we are requesting further discussion about this point, and whether it is better in this case to follow period practice or maintain a clear hierarchy in line with Society traditions, even if it is not authentic.

Unfortunately, this call for comments slipped through the cracks. Therefore, I am formally pending this for one last round of comments. Please note that we have precedent for the use of a single title for multiple ranks in Old English, where Hlaefdige is suggested for all feminine titles except Queen. Lastly, as noted above, the Society's hierarchy does not fit a particular historic model, so our use of alternate titles does not always correspond to how they were used in period.

From Wreath: Eliminating the unsustainable "maintained/sustained" definitions

On the May 2015 Cover Letter, the College of Arms was asked to discuss a proposal to change our current standards governing sustained and maintained charges. For many years, the determination of whether or not a charge is sustained or maintained has been done on the basis of visual weight. In several aspects, that practice has left both heralds and submitters unsatisfied. A charge large enough to grant difference as a secondary or tertiary charge has been frequently considered to not grant difference if conjoined or held, though no difference is granted for the conjoining itself. One of the arguments in favor of these standards has been that maintained charges are charges which, in period practice, are sometimes omitted from the emblazon. However, the number of period designs which sometimes omit the maintained charges is amazingly small.

Commentary has brought no compelling reason to maintain (or sustain) the current standards. Therefore, effective immediately, we are adopting the following definition: a charge, held or conjoined, which is clearly not a co-primary charge is equivalent to the former definition of sustained if it is identifiable, no matter what its size. Sustained charges grant a cadency difference - currently referred to as a "DC". This standard is intended to include charges which are much smaller than the current definition: a charge large enough to grant difference as a tertiary charge will grant one as held/conjoined charge. Held/conjoined charges must have good contrast with their background.

All held/conjoined charges count towards the complexity limits - both for type and tincture. This specifically overturns the section of the May 2014 Cover Letter that states "We will not count the type or tincture of maintained charges.. Because the relative size of the held/conjoined does not affect its role for complexity or conflict checking, there is no need for size-specific terminology.

A held or conjoined charge which is not identifiable will render the design unregisterable. A charge may be rendered unidentifiable through the usual methods, including reduction in size, poor contrast, etc...

A maintained charge on already registered armory will be considered for conflict purpose only if it fulfills the criteria for identifiability (which implies, at least, good contrast).

This does not change how to determine if held or conjoined charges are co-primary charges. We will continue to return items which blur the distinction between co-primary charges and held/conjoined secondary charges.

Charges which, in period, have held/conjoined charges which are sometimes there and sometimes not (for example a squirrel holding a nut), must have those charges blazoned if they are to count for difference. Anyone in the SCA who wants a held or conjoined charge which is sometimes there and sometimes not must register both variants of the design independently. We will also consider mundane protected armory under this new rule.

From Laurel: New Packet Upload Deadlines

Packets have long been required to be uploaded into OSCAR by the end of the month following LoI publication. This has allowed for the development of issues surrounding missing forms or accuracy problems which has resulted in pends or returns for submitters.

In order to cut down on these issues, effective with the publication of November Letters of Intent, packets will be due in OSCAR by the 10th of the month following publication. For November letters, packets will be due by December 10th. Letters with packets uploaded after the deadline WILL be pushed.

West Acceptances - November LoAR

Alfonso Diego Castillo de Guzman. Name and device. Quarterly argent and erminois, on a cross gules a trident argent, in canton a panther rampant gardant vert incensed gules spotted argent.

Documentation to support the use of a compound place name like Castillo de Guzman as a Spanish family name or locative byname was not provided in the Letter of Intent. The submitted spelling was also not documented to period.

In commentary, Christopher Devereux was able to document the spelling of the place name to the early 17th century in Instruccion politica, y practica iudicial, conforme al estilo de los consejos, audiencias, y tribunales de corte, y otros ordinarios del reyno by Alonso de Villadiego Vascuñana y Montoya (https://books.google.com/books?id=OT5Ng4YRM3EC). In addition, Siren noted that Castillo and de Guzman can be interpreted as separate bynames, so we are able to register this name as submitted.

Alfonso Diego Castillo de Guzman. Badge. (Fieldless) A panther gardant vert spotted argent incensed gules spotted argent.

Andrew of Riga. Reblazon of device. Sable, a wyvern erect azure fimbriated argent.

Registered in January of 1974 as Sable, a wivern volant azure fimbriated argent, Andrew's wyvern was meant to be erect.

Angeleta Marina Castillo de Guzman. Name.

Submitted as Angeleta Marina Castillo de Guzman, Angeleta could not be documented and was changed by kingdom to Angela with the submitter's permission. In commentary, Christopher Devereux documented the preferred spelling as a Spanish name dated to 1526 in the FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore, we are able to restore the given name.

Documentation to support the use of a compound place name like Castillo de Guzman as a Spanish family name or locative byname was not provided in the Letter of Intent. The submitted spelling was also not documented to period.

Christopher Devereux was also able to document the spelling of the place name to the early 17th century in Instruccion politica, y practica iudicial, conforme al estilo de los consejos, audiencias, y tribunales de corte, y otros ordinarios del reyno by Alonso de Villadiego Vascuñana y Montoya (https://books.google.com/books?id=OT5Ng4YRM3EC). In addition, Siren noted that Castillo and de Guzman can be interpreted as separate bynames, so we are able to register this name as submitted.

Basia Pomorska. Name and device. Vert, an elephant argent and on a chief embattled Or three crosses potent sable.

Basia is the submitter's legal given name.

The byname was not dated in the Letter of Intent. In commentary, ffride wlffsdotter dated the masculine form of the name, Pomorski, to c.1390 in SSNO. The spelling Pomorsky was dated to c.1475.

Enrique Matias de Rojas. Reblazon of device. Quarterly gules and argent, in bend sinister two Latin crosses fleury sable.

Registered in August of 2002 as Quarterly gules and argent, in bend sinister two crosses fleury sable, the crosses are Latin as well as fleury.

Heidi von der Bergen. Name and device. Per bend indented sable and gules goutty d'eau, a goat passant along the line of division argent.

The correct grammar for the byname is von den Bergen. Although it is possible that the record from the FamilySearch Historical Records that includes von der Bergen has a transcription error, this could not be confirmed. We also note that the submitted byname is attested just after our gray period in the same source, and that the phrase von der Bergen is found in Michael Heberer, Ægyptiaca Servitus, published in 1610 (p. 258, https://books.google.com/books?id=7iBhAAAAcAAJ). Therefore, we will give the submitter the benefit of the doubt and can register the submitter's preferred form.

Heidi is the submitter's legal given name. Commenters questioned if the documentation included a valid attestation of the legal name. According to the July 2012 Cover Letter, "in the case of internal commentary the Letter of Intent should note that it was confirmed". The Letter of Intent included a statement that (the current) Vesper and Green Crown attested that the spelling matched the legal documentation. Although the attestation should also include the names of the heralds in addition to their titles, the type of document used (e.g., driver's license), and whether Heidi was a given name or middle name, the important thing is that the document was witnessed, the spelling of the attested element matches the one submitted, and the witnesses (one of whom was the submissions herald) were identified in the Letter of Intent. Therefore, we can accept the attestation of the legal name.

Please advise the submitter to draw the gouttes with longer wavy tails.

Hraði K{o,}ttr. Name and device. Gules, a fess sable fimbriated between a domestic cat passant and three pheons argent.

Submitted as Hraði Köttr, we have changed the byname to K{o,}ttr to use o-ogonek instead of an umlaut.

Juan Carlos Castillo de Guzman. Name and device. Azure, two bars wavy between a caravel reversed and a swordfish naiant contourny argent.

Documentation to support the use of a compound place name like Castillo de Guzman as a Spanish family name or locative byname was not provided in the Letter of Intent. The submitted spelling was also not documented to period.

In commentary, Christopher Devereux was able to document the spelling of the place name to the early 17th century in Instruccion politica, y practica iudicial, conforme al estilo de los consejos, audiencias, y tribunales de corte, y otros ordinarios del reyno by Alonso de Villadiego Vascuñana y Montoya (https://books.google.com/books?id=OT5Ng4YRM3EC). In addition, Siren noted that Castillo and de Guzman can be interpreted as separate bynames, so we are able to register this name as submitted.

Juliana of Sunsetshire. Name.

Sunsetshire is the registered name of an SCA branch.

Mór ingen Donnchada. Device. Argent, a fess wavy azure between a raven and a wolf passant regardant sable.

Rauðhrefna Skeggadóttir. Badge. Or, an elk rampant contourny and a dexter tierce purpure.

There is a step from period practice for the use of another charge with a tierce.

Rónán of Winter's Gate. Name and device. Counter-ermine, a seal naiant, its tail reflexed above its head argent, on a chief Or three fleur de lys sable.

Winter's Gate is the registered name of an SCA branch.

Please advise the submitter to draw fewer and larger ermine spots.

Ryka von Kreussen. Name and device. Sable, a griffin argent maintaining a sword Or, and a dexter tierce rayonny argent.

There is a step from period practice for the use of another charge with a tierce.

Silvia of Thrace. Name and device. Vert, a stag's head erased argent between three increscents one and two Or.

The place name Thrace is a lingua Anglica form used for both a Roman and Byzantine province.

Walter Kazakov. Name and device. Or, a brown bear rampant proper, on a chief gules three barrels argent.

The Letter of Intent claimed that Walter is the submitter's legal name, but a copy of the legal documentation or attestation by two witnesses per the July 2012 Cover Letter was not provided. Luckily for the submitter, the Letter of Intent also documented Walter as a Polish given name in our period, and ffride wlffsdotter documented the Latinized form Walterus in SSNO. Therefore, we are able to register this name without relying on the legal name allowance.

This name combines a Polish (North Slavic) given name and Russian (Eastern Slavic) byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

Willeam Grenetrewis. Device. Sable, on a pale vert fimbriated argent a sword inverted proper, a chief wavy ermine.

Please advise the submitter to draw the chief with more waves.

Xaviar Miguel Castillo de Guzman. Name and device. Quarterly argent and Or, on a cross vert a standing seraph Or, in canton a peacock azure.

Xaviar is the submitter's legal middle name.

Documentation to support the use of a compound place name like Castillo de Guzman as a Spanish family name or locative byname was not provided in the Letter of Intent. The submitted spelling was also not documented to period.

In commentary, Christopher Devereux was able to document the spelling of the place name to the early 17th century in Instruccion politica, y practica iudicial, conforme al estilo de los consejos, audiencias, y tribunales de corte, y otros ordinarios del reyno by Alonso de Villadiego Vascuñana y Montoya (https://books.google.com/books?id=OT5Ng4YRM3EC). In addition, Siren noted that Castillo and de Guzman can be interpreted as separate bynames, so we are able to register this name as submitted.

West Returns - August LoAR

Rebecca the Adamant. Name and device. Per pale azure and argent, six apple blossoms, two, two and two counterchanged argent and sable.

The byname the Adamant is too abstract to follow a pattern of descriptive bynames in English. Barring evidence of equivalently abstract bynames, it is not plausible in our period. Therefore, we are unable to register this name.

This device is returned for conflict with the device of Arianwen ferch Morgan, Per pale azure and argent all semy of roses counterchanged. There is a DC for changing the tincture of half of the flowers but no DC for apple blossoms versus roses and no DC for the difference between "two, two and two" and "semy".

Regina Rozanova. Name and device. Per chevron inverted argent and azure, a bird rising sable maintaining in it's beak a threaded sewing needle Or and three roses two and one argent.

Submitted as Regina Rozanov, the byname was correctly changed in kingdom to a feminized form. However, this change was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.

Given names that are identical to titles such as Regina cannot be used with a locative byname. Rozanova makes a claim to be the queen of the town of Rozan. Therefore, this name runs afoul of PN4B1 of SENA and must be returned.

This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Commenters could not identify the threaded needle, confusing it with a worm, a twig or a bit of grass.

In Service,
Krysta of Starfall,
Green Crown Pursuivant


SUBMISSONS – November (2015)

ITEMS SENT TO LAUREL

Alessandro Cantori (RESUB Device to Laurel; Name registered November 2005)

Azure, a lute and on a chief Or three C clefs azure.

This exact submission was returned for redraw of the C-clef on the November 2005 LoAR, which noted, “A C-clef has been registered once before (to Melisande de Palma, 08/1994); the submitted C-clef does not match that emblazon (which appears to be close to a modern C-clef)...”

Submitter has supplied images from the British Museum, manuscript Add. 30091. This manuscript is circa 1275, and the piece is a single line motet, ‘O Maria - Nostrum’; http://www.diamm.ac.uk/jsp/Descriptions?op=SOURCE&sourceKey=388; a login is required to view the images using this link. Submitter has such login, and has supplied screen captures.



Aoyama Torataka (NEW Name, NEW Device)

Will not accept Major changes; Important – Language (Japan); Gender: male; no authenticity request; Will NOT allow a holding name

Torataka – nanori derived from the elements “tora”, NCMJ (1st Ed. 1994) p. 172 and “taka”, NCMJ (1st Ed. 1994) pp. 105 and 169.

Aoyama – surname found in “An Online Japanese Miscellany: Japanese Names” by Edward Effingham (Anthony J. Bryant) http://www.sengokudaimyo.com/miscellany/names.html in the table titled Some Surnames of Families active prior to 1600.

This wholly Japanese name is presented in the “surname nanori” order as shown in Solveig Throndardottir’s “Name Construction in Medieval Japan.”

Armory:
Quarterly gules and sable, a tiger’s head couped close to sinister argent marked sable, a bordure argent.


Audrey of Foxhaven (NEW Name, NEW Device)

Will NOT accept MAJOR or MINOR changes; Will allow a holding name; Gender: female; no authenticity request

Audrey – found in “Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames - Part Two: The Names A-G” by Talan Gwynek (Brian M. Scott) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyAG.html, which shows this spelling dated to 1260 and 1355.

of – standard English locative article

Foxhaven - Reaney and Wilson on p. 176 show several different names composed of [Fox-] plus a second element. A few examples are: John Foxholes 1406, Edulf de Foxcote 1189, John de Foxecotes 1348, William Foxleigh 1372, John Foxton 1382. The May 2008 LoAR ruling on [-haven] states, in pertinent part: ...When this element was ruled SCA-compatible as a deuterotheme in English place names, the only examples that had been found to that point appended the element -haven to an already existing place name. Since then, examples have been found of -haven used as a genuine deuterotheme, in Whytehauene 1279 and Whithaven 1535 (Watts s.n. Whitehaven), and Kihavene, Kyhavene c.1170-1316 and Kayhaven 1532 (Watts s.n. Keyhaven).

The English name formation [given + article + locative] is found in SENA, Appendix A.

Armory:
Argent, a fox rampant sable sustaining a rose gules slipped and leaved vert.

This device is in conflict with a badge registered to Peregrine Brambles (registered in January of 1997 via the West): Argent, in fess a thistle proper sustained by a wolf rampant sable; however, Peregrine has given a blanket permission to conflict with badge with one DC. An emblazon comparison shows the thistle being the same size as the wolf, and the thistle is clearly a "cup-shaped" with fluffy top, not a petaled flower. We believe this to be clear if conflict by the change to the flower.


Christopher of Ephesus (RESUB name to Laurel)

Will not accept MAJOR changes. Important: meaning (Christopher from Ephesus); Gender: male

Christopher – Submitter’s legal given name, as shown on his driver’s license, submitted with Laurel’s packet.

of – lingua Anglica locative article

Ephesus – locative surname meaning "of/from Ephesus".

Per the LoAR Return of April 2015, “Christopher of Ephesus would also be registerable if the submitter provides proof of his legal name, as of Ephesus is a lingua Anglica form of the Greek Ephesios.” Submitter has provided said documentation.

The name returned on the April 2015 was Christopher Ephesou. The return states: “Originally submitted as Christopher of Ephesus, the name was changed to Christopher  Ephesou on the submission form, apparently by the submitter. The given name Christopher is an English form of the Greek Christophoros. The combination of English and Greek is not an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA. According to the submission form, Christopher is the submitter's legal given name. However, proof of the legal name was not provided in the submission packet. Without such documentation, we are unable to register this name using the legal name allowance. Upon resubmission, the requirements for documenting a legal name are found in the July 2012 Cover Letter…Christopher of Ephesus would also be registerable if the submitter provides proof of his legal name, as “of Ephesus” is a lingua Anglica form of the Greek Ephesios.”


Ciprianna Loðinsdottir (NEW Name, NEW Device)

Will accept changes; Will allow a holding name; Gender: female; no authenticity request. Submitted as “Ciprianna Lodinnsdottir,” we have changed the “d” to “ð” as registered to her father, Loðinn vikingr, and dropped the second “n” in the patronym, as documented in Bassi.

Ciprianna - Legal name allowance. Submitter has included her birth certificate. SENA PN.1.B.2.e

Loðinsdottir - surname created in a fashion described in “Simple guide to creating an Old Norse Name” by Sara L. Uckelman (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/sg-viking.html). [Loðinn] is found in Bassi, p. 13. Per Bassi, p. 17, the patronymic is correctly formed by inserting an [s] between [Loðinn] and [dottir]. However, Bassi shows a name ending in [-nn] as dropping one [n] when used to form a patronymic. This should apparently be spelled [Loðinsdottir], so we have changed the submitted name to correct the formation per Bassi. Bassi is a no-copy-needed reference.

The Old Norse/Old Icelandic name formation [given + pat] is found in SENA, Appendix A. Per SENA PN.1.B.2.e use of the legal name allowance makes the given name neutral in language and time.

Armory:
Per pale argent and vert, two cats rampant addorsed counterchanged, on a chief purpure three mullets voided and interlaced within three annulets Or.


Loðinn vikingr (NEW Badge)

Vert, issuant from base a castle argent and in chief a dragon volant to sinister Or.


Mists, Principality of the (NEW Badge)

Argent, a seawolf rampant to sinister vert, a bordure engrailed azure.


Nikolai Iastrabov (RESUB Device)

Per chevron azure and vert, in chief three bezants, in base a hawk volant en arriere bendwise sinister Or.

The August 2014 LoAR, West Returns, stated:
“This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly drawn per chevron field division; the field division here is too low. Please see that Cover Letter for further discussion and details of how to properly draw per chevron lines of division.

On redraw, the submitter should make sure that the bird is drawn clearly either bendwise or palewise.”
The submitter has redrawn the per chevron field division, and the bird is now clearly bendwise sinister. No conflicts found.


Perrin Loðinsson (NEW Name, NEW Device)

Will accept changes; Will allow a holding name; Gender: male; no authenticity request; Submitted as “Perrin Lodinsson,” we have changed the “d” to “ð” as registered to his father, Loðinn vikingr.

Perrin - Legal name allowance, submitter has included his birth certificate.

Loðinsson - Surname created in a fashion described in “Simple guide to creating an Old Norse Name” by Sara L. Uckelman (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/sg-viking.html). [Loðinn] is found in Bassi, p. 13. Per Bassi, p. 17, the patronymic is correctly formed by inserting an [s] between [Loðinn] and [son] and dropping the second [n]. Bassi is a no-copy-needed reference.

The Old Norse/Old Icelandic name formation [given + pat] is found in SENA, Appendix A. Per SENA PN.1.B.2.e use of the legal name allowance makes the given name neutral in language and time.

Armory:
Gules, on a pale between two dragons combatant Or, a sword sable, blade enflamed vert.

No conflict found. We are concerned about the flames not touching the sword’s blade, but did not consider this emblazon “off” enough to merit more than an artist’s note.


Sabrina de la Bere (RESUB Badge; reconsideration to Kingdom)

Fieldless, a bear rampant sable sustaining a garden rose gules slipped, leaved, and singly thorned vert.

Based on the new conflict rules regarding sustained charges, we could find no conflicts for this badge, which is a request for reconsideration to Kingdom from our meeting in February 2012. Submitter’s device, registered in 1973 and reblazoned in May of 2012 is Or, a bend sinister azure between a rose gules slipped, leaved, and singly thorned vert and a natural leopard couchant sable, includes the now-disallowed garden rose. We are sending this on, and requesting that it be registered to the submitter under SENA A2.B.3, with the garden rose charged grandfathered to her. We have included the word “garden” in the blazon to make it clear that this rose is a garden rose. A scan of submitter’s original device submission “form” is included.


Seonaid inghean Uí Ruadháin (NEW Name, NEW Device)

Will not accept Major changes; Important – Sound (“Shone-ah”); Gender: Female; no authenticity request; Will allow a holding name; Name submitted on the form is Seonaid Ó Ruadhaín.

Seonaid – The LoAR ruling on registration for Seonaid Upton (name submitted: Sinead Upton) (Calontir, Oct. 2009) http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2009/10/09-10lar.html states: “Krossa, “Scottish Gaelic Given Names” http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/gaelicgiven/women/seonaid.shtml, notes that the early 16th C Book of the Dean of Lismore has examples of the name in the bynames “Mak soonayd” and “v’soynoid.” The Book of the Dean of Lismore, while written in Gaelic, uses Scots-style spelling rather than the standard Gaelic spelling. The most likely standardized Gaelic spelling of the name, on the basis of these two examples is “Seonaid.” We are willing to give the submitter the benefit of the doubt that Seonaid is a period Gaelic form.”

inghean Uí – clan/family affiliation article per “Quick and Easy Gaelic Names” by Sharon L. Krossa: http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#clanaffiliationbyname.

Ruadhaín – Found in MacLysaght, p. 262, as [Ó Ruadháín] under the entry “(O) Ruane.”

The Scots Gaelic name formation submitted here [given + article + clan byname] is found, for male names, in “Quick and Easy Gaelic Names” by Sharon L. Krossa: http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#clanaffiliationbyname. The article shows that the more likely formation for a female name would be <single given name> inghean Uí <eponymous clan ancestor's name (in genitive case and always lenited unless starting with a vowel)>; so the correct form of this name is most likely Seonaid inghean Uí Ruadháin; see the registration for Sláine inghean Uí Ruadháin, LoAR Dec. 2013 (Lochac).

Armory:
Argent, a badger hound sejant erect gules, on a chief sable three bezants.

No conflict found.


Stephen Corvinus (NEW Name)

Will not accept Major changes; Important – Sound (LIKE “Stephen” and “Corvinus” in English); Gender: male; no authenticity request

Stephen - Familysearch Historical Records - Stephen Schums, Christening date 08 Sept 1538. Blaufelden, Wurttemberg, Germany Batch C93372-1 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NLFV-LM7.

Corvinus - found in Volume 2, K-Z of Brechenmacher on p. 97. Lorenz Corvinus 1495-1527, Sebastian Corvinus aus Mengen 1549, Georg Corvinus 1579.

The name pattern [given + byname] is shown in SENA Appendix A for German names.


Thoen Silverthorn of Silver Desert (NEW Name)

Will accept changes; Cares most about sound “to sound like thorn as in a thorn on a rose bush”; Gender: Male

Thoen - is found in 15th Century Dutch Names by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/dutch/dutch15.html. That URL is functional and is correctly cited. Thoen is listed under the header [Anthonis] and is dated to 1531-1532.

Silverthorn – is found at http://www.silverthornefamily.co.uk/history/. Per that report, this name is dated to 1517. The original documents shown are wills that are dated 1558. R&W, p. 409, under the header [Silver] has names with the element [Silver-]: [Silverhewer] 1212, and [Silverlock] 1268. Dated examples under [Blackthorn] on p. 47 of R&W have no terminal [-e], nor do any of the dated examples on p. 444 under the header [Thorn].

of - Per the Branch Name Allowance, SENA PN1.B.2, the lingua anglica article “of” is required when forming a locative from a registered branch name.

Silver Desert - SCA branch name registered November of 1981 (via the West)

The Middle/Early Modern English name formation [given+byname+loc] is found in SENA, Appendix A. SENA Appendix C allows the combined Dutch and English elements. The locative is formed per the Branch Name Allowance, SENA PN1.B.2.


RETURNS

Charles van den Haag (RESUB badge to Kingdom; Name sent on to Laurel 9/2015)

Argent, a gurges gules.

His original submission, Fieldless, a gurges gules, was returned in September 2015. Gurges cannot be displayed on a fieldless badge because the edge of a gurges is determined by the edge of the field, and fieldless has no edges. This design is not fieldless.

This submission is in conflict with a badge registered to Carlotta Belfiore di Firenze (registered in August of 1989 via Calontir): Argent, a gurges gules, overall a triskelion arrondi sable. We are very sorry we did not notice this conflict when researching the suggested fix for the “fieldless” problem.


Fionnghuala inghean Bluscicof (NEW name, NEW device ADMIN RETURNED)

Will accept changes; Will allow a holding name; Gender: female; no authenticity request.

Fionnghuala – 1247-1531 medievalscotland.org (Irish Annals: feminine given names)

inghean - Gaelic patronymic article

Bluscicof – 1196 heraldry.sca.org (Early/middle German Bynames)

Gaelic combined with German is not a permitted lingual combination. Additionally, the patronymic article must follow the rules for the language/culture of the byname, not the given name.

Armory:
Argent, on a bend sinister azure between a female mandrake vert and two cats sejant erect sable, three gouttes d’eau inverted.

Many style problems and complexity issues. No submission fee paid.


Katherine Noel de Lyon (RETURNED RESUB Device to Kingdom; Name sent on to Laurel 9/2015)

Quarterly argent and azure, two peacock eyes proper and two lions couchant coward Or.

Her previous submission, Azure, a tiger sejant erect to sinister Or marked Sable and a lyon sejant Or, forepaws touching, had both design (SENA A.3.D.1 ‘sword and dagger’) and conflict (Jerimia von Braun, registered August 1979, reblazoned in November 1981: Azure, two domestic cats sejant respectant, tails crossed in saltire Or) issues. This submission is a complete redesign.

We must return this design for appearance of marshaled arms (SENA A6.F.2.c): “Multiple Types of Primary Charges: When different sections of the field contain different types of charges, it creates the appearance of marshalling.” This rule applies primarily to quartered and per pale field divisions.


Stephen Corvinus (Device RETURNED, name sent on to Laurel)

Argent, a raven rising reguardant wings displayed, on a chief sable three crescents argent.

This is in conflict with the device registered to Bianca Charbonneau, (May of 2014 via Atenveldt): Argent, an owl displayed and on a chief sable three fleurs-de-lys argent. We find one change for the type of charges on the chief, but by precedent, any “displayed” bird is in conflict with any other “displayed” bird (except penguins). The small changes for “rising” and “regardant” are not enough to clear the conflict. Were this emblazon to be of a raven rising, wings addorsed (regardant or not), it appears to have no conflicts.


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