Minutes of the September, 2014 Heralds Meeting

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MINUTES OF THE MONTHLY MEETING – September 21, 2014 (11:30 am to 3:30 pm)

The meeting was held at the home of Eilis O'Boirne in Berkeley, CA. In general, all future meetings will be held at Eilis’ house (2322 Russell Street, Berkeley CA 94705; 510-486-0633 -- call for directions). Meetings begin at 11 am. “Road show” meetings, if any, will be announced well in advance.

Frederick of Holland, Vesper; Gwenhwyfaer ferch Gwilym, Matins; Astri? of Swansvale, Latimer; Hirsch von Henford, Golem; Krysta of Starfall, Green Crown; Aasa Thorvaldsdottir, Black Mark; Andrew von Otelingen, Petty Albion (Drachenwald); Maythen Gervaise, PaL; Moira O’Connor, PaL; Michel von Schiltach, PaL.

Heralds’ Meetings for the remainder of 2014 and early 2015: November 16 (no meeting in December), and January 4, 2015 (road show at 12th Night). Meetings will start at 11 AM.

Proposed meeting schedule for 2015: March 22, May 17, July 12, September 20, November 15 (the day after Herald’s Collegium), January 3, 2016 (tentative based on 12th Night).

Walk-in submissions may be held over until the following meeting at the discretion of Matins.

We are conducting some preliminary name research through the West Kingdom heraldic consultation mailing list wkheralds_consults@yahoogroups.com. This list is open to all those interested in West Kingdom book heraldry: both names and devices, and either to contribute or to ask questions. To join the list, please subscribe through Yahoo or at wkheralds_consults-subscribe@yahoogroups.com. If you subscribe by e-mail, you can complete the process by replying to the confirmation e-mail; it is not necessary to log in to Yahoo. Please note that initial posts are moderated and thus may not appear on the list immediately.


Vesper: reported

Seawolf: absent, no report

Sable Swan: (will send report via email) C/M War was last weekend; Miach (Michael of the Shire) sent in court reports, and is on pace to be the next Sable Swan. He may transition at Winter Investiture instead of waiting until Spring Coronet. Sable Swan has a very heavy modern workload.

Stellanordica: absent, no report for this meeting – report to Vesper for his report: some changes, Baronial herald in Selveirgard has transitioned;

Exchequer: absent, ~$2,300; willing to continue even after Sable Swan transitions, Exchequer is not a burden except in Doomsday report time.

Matins: Her medical problems are more than can be handled and continue to do the job. She would like to step down after the November meeting. She can cover the January meeting if necessary.

Banner: absent, no report

Baldric: absent, trying to find a site for Heralds Collegium for November 2014; will likely be at Hirsch and Aldith’s community room.

Brachet: Vacant

Greencloak: absent, no report

Latimer: Will be at Mists Coronet and October Crown for consultation, and would welcome help at the table. Will be at Cynagua Coronet, but Saturday only.

Golem: reported re new forms status, other Herald website/kingdom website changes.

Meeting Dates in 2014 (changing to an every-other-month schedule as the quantity of business to be discussed doesn’t seem to be enough to require monthly meetings): Nov 16, (road show at 12th Night) Jan 4 2015

ANNOUNCEMENTS / Other Business

Laurel requires now 0 (zero) paper submissions – we need only one copy and Matins doesn’t mail anything to Laurel, just sends scans. Effective immediately we will only require from submitters:

Name submission: one copy and documentation
Device submission: one line drawing, one colored drawing, with documentation if needed
Badge submission: one line drawing, one colored drawing, documentation as needed
Money: $10 for name+device or name+badge, $6 for individual submissions.

The submission form needs to be updated (it still says 4 copies), but we are in-line for Laurel to get us new Laurel forms - Moira is working with Laurel office for new updated forms- so we will not be making that change in the current forms.

Colored submissions are still required to be hand colored using markers, not crayons or pencils, and must be colored with “quality markers” so colors don’t change; we encourage the use of Crayola Classic markers. If the submission is not colored in true colors, the College is required to send it back.



VOICE HERALDRY: Greencloak will continue to hold voice heraldry training sessions at the beginning of events to encourage involvement at the event.

MAILING LIST: The West Kingdom College of Heralds has a mailing list for internal communication. Any herald is welcome to join by request. To join the list, please subscribe at wkheralds-subscribe@yahoogroups.com.

ELECTRONIC RESOURCES: Many interesting heraldic links can be found through the SCA Heraldry web page at http://www.sca.org/heraldry, including the Laurel home page, the on-line Armorial and Ordinary (with search capabilities) and The Academy of St. Gabriel (an onomastic and heraldic consultation service). The West Kingdom Heraldry site and the West Kingdom Awards List can be accessed through the West Kingdom site, http://www.westkingdom.org. Heraldic queries may also be addressed to Moira at herald@westkingdom.org -- answers may take a few days.

West Kingdom College of Heralds Minutes are published on the web. They may be read at or printed from the heralds' website at http://heralds.westkingdom.org/Minutes.htm.

The office of Brachet is currently vacant, no Brachet meetings are being held.


The cover letters, acceptances and returns for the past can be found at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/. If you are interested in responding to some of the calls for commentary put out by the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, please be sure to visit the site.

June 2014 LoAR (printed 14 August 2014) (March 2014 LoI)

Cover letter

From Laurel: Wreath Handover

As is customary, when we break in a new Sovereign of Arms, we do it gently by splitting the workload. This time, Emma (outgoing) Wreath decided An Tir through Caid, and Brunissende (incoming) Wreath decided Calontir through West. Next month the decisions will be handled entirely by Brunissende.

From Pelican: Some Name Resources

This month, I am covering Gallica, the online site for the Bibliothèque nationale de France (http://gallica.bnf.fr). This site includes digitized books, manuscripts, and prints from within and after our period. Some are simple scans, particularly the older, handwritten manuscripts, and others allow full text searching. The site is available in French, German, English, Spanish, and Portuguese, and is especially useful for locating French, Italian, and Latin language documents.

To search using the (mostly) English version of the site, click on the link called Advanced Search next to the search field. From here, users can specify their search parameters, such as the date range, where in the document a search term must be found, the desired language, and the type of document. To cast the widest net, I typically use the top search field for my search term, change the location to Text, and add a final publishing date of 1650.

Once you have searched for something, you see thumbnails of the resulting documents on the right and additional search filters in the left pane. The right pane gives information on the document such as whether it has fully indexed text, as well as a link to the full bibliographic record (Detailed information). Once you open a document, there is a vertical bar on the left called Module de recherche. Clicking on the small arrow there opens a pop-up that allows searching within a document for the text you want, as well as providing links to the pages with the desired text. If full text search is not available for that document (i.e., it is just an image of each page, with no OCR), this is stated in the pop-up. In addition, there are buttons to allow zooming and navigation within the document. The Detailed information link near the upper right gives the title, author, publication date and location, and other information.

Permanent links to the document and the page of interest are available at the bottom of the page, and these URLs can be copied and pasted into the documentation for a submission. You can also take a screenshot or just download a document or portion of a document. To download, click on the Download/Print link near the upper right, select options like the file type, and hit the Envoyer ("Send") button. A link to the downloaded file will be provided in a new tab or browser window.

From Wreath Emeritus: So Long, Farewell!

(Not being a names herald for obvious reasons, I will spare you all my mangling of the next line of that song!)

I can honestly say that I have had an entirely enjoyable three years as Wreath. Even with the inevitable headaches -- A3D2c, sustained secondaries, polypuses, Cormac's Things -- I have had a blast. Despite the fun, being Wreath is certainly work, and I definitely could not have done it without many many people.

To our commenters and consulting heralds alike: without you, we wouldn't have submissions to stare at and ponder over. The sheer amount of research that you have saved me from having to do personally is vast, and vastly appreciated.

To my proofreaders, meeting staff, and general "help!" research buddies: Ælfwyn, Alisoun, Alys, Andreas, Aryanhwy, Brunissende, Daniel, Elsbeth, Evan, Gisela, Gwenllian, Herveus, Istvan, Jeanne Marie, Lillia, Marie, Shauna, and Yehuda, you guys helped to sort out my thoughts, bring clarity and conciseness to my decisions, and in general made me somewhat less incomprehensible. I am probably forgetting someone in this list, and you have my sincere apologies if so. (See how I need proofreaders?)

To the other behind-the-scenes folks without whom we definitely couldn't tie our shoes, much less put out LoARs on a steady basis: Istvan, Daniel, and Reis, you all should know by now how much you're appreciated. Rory and Omar, you've handled the financial end so the rest of us don't have to think about it, and that's a great thing.

To those I've had the great pleasure of working closely with: Elisabeth and then Gabriel as Laurel, Juliana and then Lillia as Pelican, Marie as somehow holding down both Clarion and Palimpsest, especially during the chaotic time when SENA was squeaky-new, Istvan as my predecessor and the evil genius behind OSCAR, and Brunissende as my successor, I definitely could not have done this without you all. Working with you has been my pleasure and my honor.

And finally, I must thank my family: my husband, Reis, for being supportive and most tolerant, especially when I dragged him into volunteering for Codex and then post-meeting clerk, and who listens to me rant and argue with myself out loud when I'm working on decisions; my older daughter who has upon more than one occasional groaned loudly when told it's a decision meeting day, but who cleans up the living room anyway; and my younger daughter who eagerly participates in decision meetings, usually as the "identify this!" herald, a very useful position. Without your support, I would have burned out long ago.

I look forward to commenting and working with you all in the College of Arms for many years to come.

Tag, Bruni, you're it!

From the New Wreath: Bonjour!

Salutations de Brunissende Dragonette.

I am thankful for this opportunity to become part a great team, and I am looking forward to working with the College of Arms as Wreath. I hope to put to good use what I have learned from Istvan and Emma when attending their meetings. I want to express my gratitude to all who have helped me get started and all who will keep helping me.

For some background: born in France, I live in the Bailiwick of Ivyeinrust in the East Kingdom (or in non-SCA terms in West Philadelphia, PA) where I discovered the SCA. I have been a herald since 2002 and have worked as local pursuivant, external Submission Herald for the East, member of Wreath and Pelican staff and LoAR proofreader. I've also held some offices that were not related to heraldry :-)

This letter sees my first partial decision meeting as Wreath. Next month you can blame it all on me.

West Acceptances - June LoAR

Achilles of Sparta. Device. Per saltire azure and sable, in saltire two spears throughout argent, overall a lion's head cabossed Or.

Please advise the submitter to draw stylized heraldic spears with wider shafts and more prominent heads so that they are easier to identify.

Aine of Selviergard. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per fess Or and vert, a tree eradicated within an annulet counterchanged.

Submitted under the name Aine inghean Lochlainn.

Alan Tynneker. Name.

Aldeyn of Eskalya. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per pale and per chevron Or and vert, on a chevron sable between two hares sejant erect and two arrows inverted in saltire counterchanged three Maltese crosses palewise argent.

Please advise the submitter to draw the hares with their ears closer together and and their heads more clearly in profile.

Submitted under the name Aldeyn ab Owain ap Gruffydd.

Aliden van Costeleer. Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a heart Or and a tulip bendwise sinister gules slipped and leaved vert.

Nice 14th century Dutch name!

Bjorn Jorsalfar of Bearhaven. Badge. Per pale sable and vert, in pale a compass star and a demi-sun argent.

There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass star.

Brennos of the Mists. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per pale gules and sable, a raven displayed between in pale a crescent and crescent pendant argent.

There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird other than an eagle in displayed posture.

Submitted under the name Brennos Agrocunos.

Ciarán Ó Cearbhaill. Name.

As Ciarán is a saint's name, it is temporally compatible with the late period byname.

Elizabeth Margarete. Device. Per chevron dovetailed Or and purpure, two hummingbirds hovering respectant and a dragon counterchanged.

Please instruct the submitter to use fewer and larger dovetails.

The use of hummingbirds is a step from period practice.

Halfdan {O,}zurarson. Name change from Thomas of Selviergard.

Submitted as Halfdan {O,}zurrson, the patronym is not formed correctly. We have changed the name to Halfdan {O,}zurarson in order to register the name.

Heinrich von Melk. Badge. Per fess vert and argent, a lion counterchanged.

Please advise the submitter to draw the lion's identifying characteristics (mane, tuft on the end of a mostly-smooth tail) in a more standard manner to make it more easily identifiable.

Kolskeggr ungi. Name and device. Or, a salmon embowed gules and a base wavy barry wavy vert and argent.

Leofwynn of Darkwood. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Azure, on a bend sinister Or between two boars statant contourny argent three harps palewise vert.

Submitted under the name Leofwynn Cryccthegn Deorcwuda.

Mirone Bonofilius. Name.

Submitted as Mirone Bonofilio, the byname Bonofilio is not in the right grammatical case. Blue Tyger was able to document Bonofilius as the byname of an 11th or 12th century Crusader. We have changed the name to Mirone Bonofilius in order to register this name.

Ragnall MacCormac. Name.

Ragnall was documented as a 12th Gaelic given name. This is temporally incompatible with the early 17th century Anglicized Irish MacCormac. Fortunately for the submitter, Ragnall can also be documented as a late period English surname, so can be used as a given name. The combination of English and Anglicized Irish is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

The submitter may wish to know that a wholly 12th century Irish form of the name is Ragnall mac Cormaicc. A 15th century form is Raghnall mac Cormaic. A wholly Anglicized Irish form is Ranell MacCormack.

Thomas Buttesthorn of Ayle. Reblazon of badge. Per pall inverted azure, sable, and gules, a tricorporate wolf Or.

Blazoned when registered in April 1981 as Tierced in point azure, sable and gules, a tricorporate wolf, the dexter body inverted, Or, we are clarifying the field as per pall inverted. The direction of the bodies, here all clockwise, is considered artistic detail.

Þórkatla Yngvarsdóttir. Name and device. Per fess azure and argent, a pegasus segreant counterchanged and in chief three Thor's hammers argent.

Wulfgar Wartooth. Name.

Goutte d'Eau was able to document the Norse byname hildit{o,}nn, which can be glossed as "battle tooth" or "war-tooth". Therefore, the submitted Wartooth is a plausible lingua Anglica form of this byname.

This name combines an Old English given name with an Old Norse byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

Yñigo Diaz de Santiago. Name and device. Azure, three crosses of Santiago one and two Or.

Submitted as Yñigo Diaz de Santiago de Compostela, precedent states that bynames using compound placenames are unregisterable in Spanish:
de Santiago de Compostela was used in a locative byname. Previous precedent states:
This name is returned because no documentation can be found for the name de Compostela. People from Santiago de Compostela were known as de Santiago. [Livia Teresa de Compostela, 09/99, R-Atlantia]

Lacking documentation that compound forms of placenames like Santiago de Compostela were used in locative bynames, this cannot be registered. [Beatriz de Santiago de Compostela, Caid-R, 01/2002]

With the submitter's permission, we have dropped de Compostela in order to register this name.

Please advise the submitter to draw the charges bigger to assertively fit the available space.

West Returns - June LoAR

Aine inghean Lochlainn. Name.

This name conflicts with the registered Aine ingen Lochlainn. There is no difference in sound and only a slight difference in the spelling of the particle inghean. Therefore, we are forced to return this name.

Her device has been registered under the holding name Aine of Selviergard.

Aldeyn ab Owain ap Gruffydd. Name.

This name creates the appearance of a claim of relationship with Owain ap Gruffydd, last native prince of Wales, and a prominent character in Shakespeare's Henry IV. Therefore, we are returning the name for presumption. We cannot drop ap Gruffydd because Aldeyn ab Owain would conflict with the registered Alden ap Owain, and such a change would be a major change, which the submitter does not allow.

His device has been registered under the holding name Aldeyn of Eskalya.

Anne of Bradford. Badge. Argent, a falcon contourny sable between flaunches azure.

This device is in conflict with the device of Erc of Ringholden Argent, a raven close to sinister sable bearing in its beak an annulet gules, between a chief and a point pointed azure. There is no difference between a raven and a falcon. The annulet is a maintained charge that doesn't add a difference. There is a single DC for changing the type of secondaries, as all peripheral ordinaries are considered to be in the same charge group.

This device is not in conflict with the badge of Kathren of Sandesward Argent, a legless quail close to sinister reguardant sable. There is a substantial change between the poultry-shaped quail and the regular-shaped falcon.

Brennos Agrocunos. Name.

Agrocunos was documented in the Letter of Intent as a constructed given name with the intented meaning of "War dog". Although the submitter documented the root words for "war, slaughter" and "dog, wolf" in Gaulish names, only one example of the Agro- spelling of the prototheme (first element) and one example for the -cunos deuterotheme (second element) were provided. This is not sufficient to show that the construction is plausible versus something like Agricunos.

We are also returning this name because evidence was not presented to support the use of unmarked patronyms in this language. As this name appears to consist only of two given names, it runs afoul of PN.1.A of SENA, which requirs that names contain at least one given name and one byname.

The submitter may wish to know that, in commentary, Green Staff showed that marked patronyms use the suffix -ios. Thus, a form like Agrocunios would be plausible if the given name Agrocunos itself could be justified. Upon resubmission, we suggest that the submitter consult Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's article, "Name Constructions In Gaulish" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/gaulish/).

His device has been registered under the holding name Brennos of the Mists.

Dante di Niccolo del Toscani. Name.

Submitted as Dante di Niccolo del Tuscany, the byname del Tuscany combines two languages (Italian and English) in the same name phrase. Kingdom changed the locative to del Toscani in order to fix this problem. This was a major change, which the submitter did not allow according to the submission form. The Letter of Intent did not mention whether permission was obtained from the submitter to make this change.

Additionally, the byname is not correctly formed. The preposition del "of the" is not used with family names like Toscani. Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that the correct formation for this byname is degli Toscani ("of the Toscani family") or da Toscana/del Toscana ("from Toscana").

Leofwynn Cryccthegn Deorcwuda. Name.

This name is returned because the byname Cryccthegn contains the element thegn, which is a restricted title. It is the Old English equivalent of baron or viscount. Without evidence that the submitter is entitled to this title, we are unable to register this name.

Even if the submitter were entitled to use the title thegn, the combination Cryccthegn was not shown to be a plausible byname.

We are also returning this name because precedent states that we do not translate branch names, unless they can be independently constructed. No documentation was provided to show that Darkwood is a plausible Old English byname or place name.

Her device has been registered under the holding name Leofwynn of Darkwood.

Marocatha Bodua Brigiani. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, a raven displayed argent between in pale two plates charged with triskelions of spirals.

The submitter requested authenticity for 1st century BCE to 1st century CE Gaulish or British, but as submitted this name has multiple issues. First, no evidence was provided to show that double given names were used in Gaulish. We would drop one of the names, but this would be a major change, which the submitter does not allow.

Second, Bodua is documented as the name of a goddess. It is not clear from the documentation whether this name is also used for normal humans. Without information showing this name was used for normal humans, this name cannot be registered.

If a resubmission combines these elements, the submitter should be prepared to document that the gender of the name elements fit together. The gender of Marocatha in particular is unclear, and would need to be documented to allow it to be combined with an element like Bodua, which is presumably feminine.

Upon resubmission, we suggest that the submitter consult Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's article, "Name Constructions In Gaulish" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/gaulish/).

This device is returned for having two steps from period practice: one for the triskelion of spirals and one for the use of a bird other than an eagle in the displayed posture.

July 2014 LoAR (printed 12 September 2014) (No West LoI)

Cover letter

From Outgoing Laurel: Goodbye and thanks for all the fish

The time has come the walrus...okay, I've now mixed enough quotes up. As you should know by now, it is time for me to step down as Laurel and hand the crown and tabard off to another, namely Andrewe Bawldwyn. Andrewe will do a fine job as Laurel and I thank him for stepping up to take it on.

Often people say, "I couldn't have done it without X". Not to be a cliché, but I couldn't have done this job without many many people. The task of registering names and armory is a hard one, and its one that is primarily done by the Pelican and Wreath Sovereigns of Arms. Given that, I owe a great deal to Juliana de Luna, Emma de Fetherstan, Lillia de Vaux, and Brunissende Dragonette. I cannot thank them enough for their work for the College and for the SCA as a whole. My friends, thank you.

Likewise, I have a number of other staff members whose work helps smooth the registration process, helps strengthen the College and help improve heraldry throughout the Known World. Marie, Istvan, Nesscia, Herveus, Daniel, Reis, Wu and Shauna have been a great help to me and to the College at large. Thank you all for your help.

Finally, I need to thank all the Principal Heralds I have worked with. You all are awesome and have helped make this job easy. Thank you all for your help and your good work.

And with that, I'm gone. I'll still be around, but this is no longer the Laurel you're looking for.

Thank you again,


From Laurel Incoming: Big shoes to fill...

Hi All, I'm Andrewe Bawldwyn... More in a moment, but first, I want to thank Meistari Gabriel for his hard work during his tenure. We saw many changes to the College of Arms under Gabriel's stewardship... SENA, Kingdom Gardens, No Paper to Laurel to name just a few... By themselves, each of these changes are not small things; together they present a wonderful legacy, and huge shoes that Gabriel is leaving behind. I look forward to the opportunity to continue the stewardship and leadership that Gabriel has displayed.

For those of you who do not know me, I hail from the Barony of Bryn Gwlad in Ansteorra (Austin, Texas.) I have been in the SCA since 2003, and have been a herald from my very first event, where I learned what stunt court heraldry was all about... My interests lie generally in the heraldic bureaucracy, precedence heraldry, and protocol. I have served previously as Star Principal Herald of Ansteorra, Bordure Herald (Ansteorra external submissions), and regional / local positions. Away from the SCA I play as a flight paramedic.

I am very much excited to serve the College of Arms and SCA as Laurel, and I look forward to working with everyone.


From Laurel: Herald Extraordinary

The College of Arms has a rank of Herald Extraordinary that has a long and honored history. The rank was formally created and defined in the July 1981 cover letter by Wilhelm Laurel. The intent of the rank is to recognize and reward "... those heralds who have greatly served the College of Heralds and/or the College of Arms and have achieved the highest level of competence in heraldry." Further, each Herald Extraordinary shall have a personal title.

Herveus d'Ormonde has given long and extraordinary service to the College of Arms in many capacities, including his work as Morsulus Herald. As such, I hereby grant Herveus d'Ormonde the rank of Herald Extraordinary. He may at his convenience choose and submit a personal heraldic title to be registered to him.

From Laurel: Ioseph of Locksley

Sadly, we recently learned of the death of Ioseph of Locksley (modernly Joe Bethancourt), second Laurel King of Arms. Ioseph's impacts on the College are still felt today. Among various practices he instituted, Ioseph is responsible for our registration limits, and the appearance of Laurel wreaths in group arms.

In AS IX, Ioseph played an instrumental role in removing the bar against women fighters in the Society, after calling for opinions and evidence of historical warrior women.

Outside of the College of Arms, Ioseph was a prolific bard, both in the SCA, and in the modern world. Last year he was inducted into the Arizona Music & Entertainment Hall of Fame.

Though Ioseph has not been active in the SCA for several years, it is clear that his influence has remained present, and will likely endure for the foreseeable future. He will be missed greatly.

From Wreath: Adding the Japan Emperor mon to the list of restricted charges

A submission considered this month was using a charge of a sixteen-petalled lotus affronty which led to discussion about the mon of the emperor of Japan.

Discussion brought to light the fact that the current protected form of the mon is not accurately reflecting actual usage. At this point, we are reblazoning it and adding it to the list of restricted charges as a sixteen-petalled chrysanthemum.

West Acceptances - July LoAR


West Returns - July LoAR


In Service,
Gwenhwyfaer ferch Gwilym ap Morgan o Erryrys,
Matins Herald

SUBMISSONS – July (2014)


Apollonia Faust (NEW name, NEW device)

Purpure, a polypus argent, in chief two mullets of eight points Or, a bordure compony argent and sable.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (15th-16th cent. German/Swiss) most important.
Culture (15th-16th cent. German/Swiss) most important.

Apollonia - provides printout and cites to Talan Gwynek's "15th-Century German Women's Names [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/germ15f.html], also to Aryanhwy's "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497." Aryanhwy's article is at [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html] on the Laurel website. [German Names from Nürnberg, 1497, by Sara L. Uckelman] Apollonia is found in the "Surrounding Cities" column, under [Appel], between [Walpurg] and [Guttel].

Faust - provides printout and cites to Kunegundis filia Theoderici's "16th-17th Century Hessian Given Names and Surnames" - surname of a person born in late 1500s in Wolferborn, Hesse, Germany, in 16th-17th Century Hessian Given Names and Surnames, by Kunegundis filia Theoderici at [http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/kunegund/hessenames.html]

The German name formation [given name + byname] is shown in Appendix A in SENA. The elements are dated within 500 years of each other and are from the same language, as we believe "Hessian" to be German.


Device seems clear of conflict. The depiction of a polypus is from “Pennsic Traceable Art.” If this is not an acceptable depiction, then Pennsic Traceable Art’s pen needs slapped. We feel the arms should not be tangled, and should be shown more like the picture in the Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry by Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme http://mistholme.com/?s=octopus but we find this insufficient reason to return the submission at Kingdom.

Bricca di Ghelere (NEW badge, RESUB to Kingdom)

(Fieldless) in pall three rabbits conjoined at the ears, each sharing one ear with both the others, Or.
Previously submitted as Vert, three rabbits courant in triangle conjoined at the ears, each sharing one ear with both the others, Or.

The previous submission, was found to conflict with Eoin Cerd; device registered in August of 1996 (via the East) as Vert, three rabbits courant in annulo conjoined by the ears argent, and reblazoned in November of 2013 (via the East) as Vert, in pall three rabbits courant conjoined by the ears argent. There was one difference between them, the color of the rabbits. Conjoining the rabbit ears versus sharing the ears counts for nothing.

We note that in the July 2013 LoAR (Outlands acceptances) states: While the general motif of multiple charges head to tail like this is considered a step from period practice, this particular motif of three rabbits sharing ears is seen in both period art and heraldry, and so it is not a step from period practice. (Asenath de Winter Purpure, in pall inverted three rabbits courant contourny conjoined by the ears argent, a bordure Or.)

Making the changes of field tincture: Fieldless / vert, and rabbit tincture: Or / argent clears the conflict mentioned. No other conflicts found.

Fearghus mac Airt (NEW badge)

Gyronny arrondy argent and vert, four triquetras in cross argent.
Badge seems clear of conflict.

Jeanette of Bois d’Arc (NEW name)

Submitted as Jeannette de Bois d’Arc, we have changed the given name to Jeanette to match the documentable form, and the locative article to the lingua Anglica “of,” to comply with SENA, PN1B2f.

Jeanette – provides printout and cites Late Period French Feminine Names, by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman) At [http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/latefrench.html]. This spelling is on the cited web page. The closest citation on web pages on the Laurel website has the spelling [Jehannette], in French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438, by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman) at [<http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423.html>]. We believe the submitted spelling is a reasonable extrapolation of these two documented forms.

de – per SENA (Appendix A), in French locatives may be derived from place names, in the form de X (or d'X, if X starts with a vowel); from generic toponyms, with du X, de la X, or des X; or from signs, with au Z, à la Z, or aus/aux Z. “Bois d’Arc” begins with a consonant, so the submitter has used “de”. (see above for the change to submitted form – if someone in the College of Arms can re-document "Bois d'Arc" as a French placename (attested or constructed, either would work) to return the name to the all-French form, we and the client would appreciate it.

Bois d’Arc – Is found in the O and A and is a registered SCA place name: Bois d'Arc, Shire of; This branch-name was registered in August of 1983 (via the Middle). (Client provides printout and cites to Local Contacts: A Directory Listing of Branches & Seneschals >> Kingdom of Calontir found at http://seneschal.calontir.org/groups.php.)

The French name formation [given name + locative] is shown in Appendix A in SENA. The lingua Anglica “of” is required as noted above.

Karius Hutzelmann (NEW name, NEW device)

Sable, a tree blasted and eradicated argent within six mullets in annulo Or.
Karius – provides printout and cites to Aryanhwy’s “German Names from Nürnberg, 1497.” Aryanhwy's article is at [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html] on the Laurel website. [German Names from Nürnberg, 1497, by Sara L. Uckelman ] Kari(us) is found in the “Surrounding Cities” column, between [Gabriell] and [Purckhart].

Hutzelmann – provides printout and cites to Aryanhwy’s “German Names from Kulmbach, 1495.” Hutzelmann is on the cited web page at [<http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/surnameskulmbach.html>]. [German Names from Kulmbach, 1495, by Sara L. Uckelman] This one is NOT on the Laurel website, so it requires the printout.

The German name formation [given name + byname] is shown in Appendix A in SENA.


Device seems to be clear of conflict.

Loðinn vikingr (NEW name - RESUB to Kingdom, NEW device)

Per saltire Or and vert, a wolf’s head cabossed sable between in pale two drinking horns fesswise reversed gules and in fess two maidens’ busts argent.
Previously submitted to Kingdom as Loðinn of Dragon’s Haven. While we were able to document the given name, no documentation was provided for the byname. This submission resolves that problem.

Loðinn –provides printout and cites to Viking Answer Lady who cites to Geirr Bassi, p.13, s.n., Loðinn.

vikingr – provides printout and cites Aryanhwy’s “Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók.” vikingr is also found in Bassi, p. 29.

The Old Norse name formation [given name + nickname] is discussed in Appendix A in SENA; the “following” nickname may be capitalized or lower case (see April 2012 LoAR discussion on Norse nickname capitalization).


Device seems clear of conflict, and has a complexity count of eight, the maximum “no penalty” count under SENA A3E2.

Margery Garrett (NEW augmentation of device)

Per fess embattled sable mullety argent and gules, in base a bee argent marked sable and as an augmentation in canton a beehive argent.
The following device associated with this name was registered in July of 2012 (via the West): Per fess embattled sable mullety argent and gules, in base a bee argent marked sable.

Margery received her augmentation from Thorfinn and Violante, King and Queen of the West, April 26, 2014. This design can only conflict with Margery’s registered device.

Minamoto Shintaro Masashige (NEW device - RESUB to Kingdom)

Per pale sable and gules, in chief two plates surmounted by two wolf’s heads couped respectant counterchanged, a bordure argent.
His name was submitted on the West Kingdom May 2014 LoI. The device was returned for redrawing at that time as the bordure was extremely anorexic and the wolves’ heads were much less recognizable.

Device seems to be clear of conflict.

Nancy of Edgewood Castle (NEW name, NEW device)

Per fess argent and azure, on a chief embattled sable three lozenges argent.
Nancy – provides copy of her CA driver’s license for proof that Nancy is her legal given name.

of – English locative article (also used - Old English: aet; Middle/Early Modern English: atte, de, de la)

Edgewood Castle – registered as part of her husband’s name (Byran of Edgewood Castle, July 2004 West). No letter verifying the relationship was received. However, the following documentation was successful in helping Byran add “of Edgewood Castle” to his name in 2004.

Edgewood is a reasonable construction; see Edgeworth on p.160 of Ekwall for use of Edge- as a placename element meaning “by an edge or hillside” which could easily be combined with –wood. Naming a castle for its nearby village is a common practice in England --- Leeds Castle is a good example of this practice.

Per SENA NPN1C2g, “A name phrase from a registered name of an individual may also be registered by a close relative (such as parent, spouse, child, sibling, etc.)”; the submitter is in fact his legal wife and therefore may use this name phrase under SENA NPN1C2g.

This email was received from {redacted}:

    This is written verification from Byran {redacted}, AKA Byran of Edgewood Castle, that Nancy {redacted} is my legal wife/spouse.  Also, that are home is mundanely known locally and within the SCA as Edgewood Castle.  Please refer to the attached photographs of front and the drawn bridge.
     Byran Wm. Duncan
     (address, phone)
The English name formation [given name + “of” +locative] is shown in Appendix A in SENA. The legal name allowance states that the name, “Nancy”, is treated as neutral in language and time (SENA, PN2C2d).


Device seems to be clear of conflict.

Niall Mor mac Cernaich (NEW badge)

(Fieldless) On a mullet of six points Or, a grenade proper.
Badge seems to be clear of conflict.

Ren{e’}e de Catalu{n~}a (NEW name, NEW device)

Azure, a domestic cat couchant guardant and in chief a moon in her plenitude Or.
Ren{e’}e – Pennsic submission form states “Her name appears on a CA driver’s license as Renee ___ ___ [middle/last names omitted by Matins] (accent omitted by the state). Attested by Juliana Siren and Alys Blue Tyger.”

de – locative article; per SENA: Phrase (de X, del Y or de la Y), adjectival.

Catalu{n~]a – Pennsic submission form states “The locative Catalu{n~]a is dated to various times from 1386-on in CORDE.”

The Catalan name formation [given name + locative byname] is shown in Appendix A in SENA. The legal name allowance attestation meets Laurel’s requirements for such attestation. The legal name allowance states that the name, “Renee”, is treated as neutral in language and time (SENA, PN2C2d).


Device seems to be clear.

Saxi bilstyggr Geirsson (DEVICE change)

Per bend azure and sable, a candle fesswise lit at both ends argent.
His current device, Azure, a bull's head cabossed within a bordure argent, is to be released if this submission is registered. This submission seems clear of conflict.

Signý kistubrjótr (NEW name and device, returned at Kingdom July 2014)

Quarterly Or and gules, two ermines combatant proper.
Submitter’s prior descriptive for this constructed name, “pie-breaker” has been explained to her as not a viable extrapolation in Old Norse. She has asked for “coffin-breaker” or “box-breaker.”

Signý: Signý is found in Bassi, p. 14.

kistubrjótr: The nickname kistubrjotr (“chest or box breaker”) is formed similarly to the following in Bassi: on page 5 as part of "haugabrjotr" ("cairn-breaker"), page 9 as part of "volubrjotr" ("exorcist"), page 10 as part of "gar?abrjotr" ("fence-breaker), page 12 as part of "haugabrjotr" ("grave-robber"), page 14 as part of "hornabrjotr" (horn-breaker) and page 32 as part of "volubrjotr" ("witch-breaker"). It has been formed using “kistu” as the genitive singular of “kista” meaning box or chest. The information on "kista" for the meaning (chest, box) and the declension can be found in Cleasby & Vigfusson, “An Icelandic-English Dictionary”, 1874, found at http://lexicon.ff.cuni.cz/ and from Zoëga, “A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic”, 1910, found at http://norse.ulver.com/dct/zoega/index.html.

The Old Norse name formation [given name + nickname] is discussed in Appendix A in SENA; the “following” nickname may be capitalized or lower case (see April 2012 LoAR discussion on Norse nickname capitalization).


Device seems clear of conflict.

Steinn Skaldi (NEW name, NEW device)

Sable, on the blade of a bearded axe bendwise sinister argent, an Uraz rune vert.
Steinn – provides printout and cites to Viking Answer Lady who cites to Geirr Bassi, p.15 s.n. Steinn, among others.

Skaldi – provides printout and cites to Viking Answer Lady who cites to Peterson, Nordiskt runnamnslexikon, s.n. Skáldi, as an OW Norse byname. Peterson shows it both with and without an accent on the "a". Client also provides printout and cites Aryanhwy’s “Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók” for Skáld-.

The Old Norse name formation [given name + byname] is discussed in Appendix A in SENA.


Device seems clear of conflict.

Wulfgar Wartooth (NEW device - RESUB to Kingdom)

Sable, on a dexter gauntlet aversant an eye azure, an orle argent.
Submitter's first submission, Sable, on a dexter gauntlet aversant argent an eye of Ra azure, was returned for multiple administrative problems and for conflict with Isengard: Sable, a hand argent, with only 1 CD between the two. His next attempt cleared up the administrative problems, and added an orle which would have cleared the conflict had it not been color on color, Sable, on a dexter gauntlet aversant argent an eye, an orle azure. This submission takes care of that problem. The device now seems clear of conflict.

Yngvildr Þorgilsdottir (NEW badge)

Per bend sinister vert and argent, a needle bendwise gules.
Badge seems clear of conflict.


Morgana yr Oerfa (NEW augmentation of device Returned)

Per saltire gules and sable, in pale two mullets and in fess a decrescent and an increscent argent, and for augmentation on a lozenge argent and estoile sable.
The following device associated with this name was registered in July of 1983 (via the West): Per saltire gules and sable, in pale two mullets and in fess a decrescent and an increscent argent.

Morgana received her augmentation from Thorfinn and Violante, King and Queen of the West, April 26, 2014.

The proposed augmentation is in conflict with Secalemox pen Tyrhon: Either the name or the following device associated it (or both) were registered in January of 1973: Argent, an estoile of eight rays sable within a bordure gules.

We suggest the estoile be argent, as is shown on the device of the Barony of Winter’s Gate, leave off the lozenge, and draw it larger than the five pointed mullets.

Savina Schimonova (NEW name Returned, NEW device returned)

Per pale gules and Or, two candles counterchanged.
Savina – client cites to and provides copy of St. Gabriel report #3100 (Sabina – Latin) no citation to either Russian or Romany languages. Sabina (m) -- Sabina, martyr. 15th Century. [Buk 145] (see below for French or Latin only)

Sabina is listed in Paul Wickenden of Thanet's "A Dictionary of Period Russian Names" [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul] on the same web page as the below [Shamon, Shimon], but Wickenden does NOT list [Savina] as a variant spelling in Russian.

St. Gabriel, #3329 shows, “In England, we find the name <Sabina>, a Latinized form, in the late 12th and early 13th centuries [1]. The name was used early in the Middle Ages in France as well. It appears Latinized as <Savina> in the early 9th century and the name of Saint Sabine appears in place names from the 10th century to the 14th [2, 2a]. The use of the diminutive <Sabelina> some time after the late 12th century England suggests that some form of the name was used in France around the time of the Conquest [1]. <Sabine> was probably a learned form based on the Latin <Sabina>; the French form of the name was most likely <Savine>.” [http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?3329+0]

[1] Nicolaa de Bracton, "A Statistical Survey of Given Names in Essex Co., England, 1182-1272", Known World Heraldic Symposium Proceedings 1995 (SCA Inc.; WWW: privately published). http://members.tripod.com/nicolaa5/articles/women.html.

[2] Morlet, Marie-Therese, _Les Noms de Personne sur le Territoire de l'Ancienne Gaule du VIe au XIIe Siecle_, three volumes (Paris: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1972), II:101a.

[2a] Morlet, III:174a. Modern places <Sainte Sabine> appear in medieval records as <ecclesia Sanctae Sabinae> c.970, <Parrochia de Sancta Sabina> 1257) and <Sainte-Savine> (<Sancta Savina> 1071, <Villa Sancte Savine> 1178, <Sancta Sabina> 1248, <Saincte Savine> 1339.

Schimonova – cites to and provides copies of St. Gabriel reports #3081 (Shimon) and 2063 ( -ova ending), no documentation for the “Sch-” spelling of Shimon. (Jewish / Russian) St. Gabriel report #3081 does discuss the use of [Shimon] as commonly used by Jews in the Middle Ages. St. Gabriel report #2063 discusses using the [-ova] ending - discussion is based on Wickenden's A Dictionary of Period Russian Names.

In Paul Wickenden of Thanet's "A Dictionary of Period Russian Names" [http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul] we find Shimon (m) -- Shimon. 1068-1073. [Mor 209] Pats: Shimonov (Ivan Shimonov, scribe). 1448-68. [RIB II 26]

The closest we found with the “Sch-” we found is Schepon (m) -- var of Shchepan, also in Paul Wickenden of Thanet's "A Dictionary of Period Russian Names."

The Russian (as the underlying culture for Romany naming practice) name formation [given name + patronymic] is shown in Appendix A in SENA.


Device seems to be clear of conflict, but could not be sent on to Laurel without a name.

Syndre Sinclair (NEW name Returned, NEW device returned)

Sable, a wolf’s head couped at the shoulder, in chief a plate between an increscent and a decrescent, a bordure argent.
We are administratively returning this submission and the submission fees because submitter does not live in the West Kingdom.

Name documentation was not entered into the minutes because of the administrative return.


Device was not researched because we are returning the submission.

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