Minutes of the September, 2013 Heralds Meeting

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Start: 1:00 pm; End: 3:30 pm

The meeting was held at the home of Eilis O'Boirne in Berkeley, CA. In general, all future meetings will be held at Eilis’ house (2322 Russell Street, Berkeley CA 94705; 510-486-0633 -- call for directions). “Road show” meetings, if any, will be announced well in advance.

Moira O’Connor, Vesper; Gwenhwyfaer ferch Gwilym, Matins; Astrith of Swansvale, Latimer, Eilis o’Boirne, Baldric; Krysta of Starfall, Green Crown; Anne Fitz Richard, Seawolf; Aasa Thorvaldsdottir, Greencloak/Black Mark; Frederick of Holland, PaL, Michel von Schiltach, PE.

Heralds’ Meetings for the remainder of 2013: Oct 20, Nov 24, no meeting in December, Jan 5, 2014 (road show at 12th Night - Concord Hilton).

Walk-in submissions will be held over until the following month unless they arrive early enough to be processed in before the scheduled start of the meeting.

We are conducting some preliminary name research through the West Kingdom heraldic consultation mailing list wkheralds_consults@yahoogroups.com . This list is open to all those interested in West Kingdom book heraldry: both names and devices, and either to contribute or to ask questions. To join the list, please subscribe through Yahoo or at wkheralds_consults-subscribe@yahoogroups.com. If you subscribe by e-mail, you can complete the process by replying to the confirmation e-mail; it is not necessary to log in to Yahoo. Please note that initial posts are moderated and thus may not appear on the list immediately.



Reports were summarized by Vesper.


The next Known World Heralds and Scribes Symposium will be held in the Kingdom of Caid (specifically Las Vegas, NV) on the weekend of 13-15 June 2014.


VOICE HERALDRY: Greencloak will continue to hold voice heraldry training sessions at the beginning of events to encourage involvement at the event.

MAILING LIST: The West Kingdom College of Heralds has a mailing list for internal communication. Any herald is welcome to join by request. To join the list, please subscribe at wkheralds-subscribe@yahoogroups.com.

ELECTRONIC RESOURCES: Many interesting heraldic links can be found through the SCA Heraldry web page at http://www.sca.org/heraldry, including the Laurel home page, the on-line Armorial and Ordinary (with search capabilities) and The Academy of St. Gabriel (an onomastic and heraldic consultation service). The West Kingdom Heraldry site and the West Kingdom Awards List can be accessed through the West Kingdom site, http://www.westkingdom.org. Heraldic queries may also be addressed to Moira at herald@westkingdom.org -- answers may take a few days.

West Kingdom College of Heralds Minutes are published on the web. They may be read at or printed from the heralds' website at http://heralds.westkingdom.org/Minutes.htm. There is a colored version and a printer-friendly black and white version available.

The office of Brachet is currently vacant, no Brachet meetings are being held.

These meetings comment on heraldic submissions from other Kingdoms. Please consider attending – you do not have to be able to attend every week. They are a fast way to learn how the Rules of Submission work and how to research armory. These meetings have changed location and are now in Walnut Creek on Wednesday nights. If you are interested, contact the Latimer Herald, Astrið of Swansvale (Gretchen Lebednik) at .


The cover letters, acceptances and returns for the past can be found at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/. If you are interested in responding to some of the calls for commentary put out by the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, please be sure to visit the site.

May 2013 LoAR (sent 9 Jul 2013)

From Laurel: New Errata Clerk

The office of errata clerk has been filled by Istvan Non Scripta for the past several years. As he's been divesting himself of some SCA responsibilities before he takes on new real-world ones, the errata clerk office has been passed to Jeanne Marie LaCrox, Noir Licorne Herald Extraordinary and Dolphin Herald of Caid.

As always, issues with mis-filed items that are correct on the LoAR should be addressed to Morsulus, while issues with the LoAR itself (apparent typing/spelling/name not changed when the write-up says it was style errors) should be addressed to the errata clerk at errata@heraldry.sca.org.

From Pelican: New Lingual Mix for Appendix C

When Appendix C of SENA was put in place, we tried to allow for the mixing of Old Norse (here enacted as "Scandinavian languages before 1100") with the various locations that had substantial permanent Viking settlement. This month, we have added another area that had that level of contact with Old Norse speakers: Russia. Vikings were important settlers in Russia; even the name Russia is derived from Rus, the name for early Scandinavian settlers. Orle observes that dozens of Viking (here identified using another cultural term, Varangian) graves, including large numbers of women's graves, are found in Russia. As such, we are adding the mix of Russian/East Slavic with Scandinavian for 550-1100.

From Pelican: SENA PN3C2: Substantial Change to One Syllable

On the February 2013 Letter of Pends and Discussion, commenters were asked if two names could be clear of aural conflict under PN3C2 if the change to a single syllable affected the consonant(s) (or lack thereof) on both sides of a vowel but not the vowel.

Commenters agreed that at least in some cases, such changes are enough to make two names clear of conflict. When the sound of both consonant clusters is completely changed (so that neither the first cluster nor the second cluster share sounds between the two names), they should be clear. Examples of this would include Godric/Godwin, Catford/Radford, and Dulford/Muttford. Situations in which one of the two consonant cluster shares a sound with another will generally conflict, but might be clear of conflict on a case by case basis. We are therefore directing Palimpsest to develop wording to allow PN3C3 to apply to differences between names that only affect the consonants of a syllable.

From Pelican: Company as Order Name Designator

In period, company and its cognates was used to refer to a variety of kinds of groups of people, including military groups, guilds, and knightly orders.

Under the Rules for Submissions and SENA, company was limited to household names and not allowed as a designator for order names. However, commenters agreed that we should follow period practice and allow company and other similar words to be used as a designator for any suitable non-personal name.

This of course does not remove the requirement that a designator be documented as appropriate to the type of non-personal name submitted. It simply allows designators to be used for multiple types of non-personal names.

We are therefore directing Palimpsest to develop new wording for the relevant sections of SENA.

From Pelican: Some Name Resources (an ongoing series)

This month, I'm taking a break from discussing household names to carry on about the amazing resource that the IGI (International Genealogical Index) and related resources has become for those in the know. This database includes a very large number of (mostly) late period and later references to people from different parts of Europe (and even settlers in the New World).

In the ever-changing world of FamilySearch's online access, the IGI search (at https://familysearch.org/search/collection/igi) is no longer being updated. Updated information is in the general FamilySearch database. Luckily, the search on FamilySearch (at https://familysearch.org/search) defaults to historical documents, including the IGI. The URL for the main search is https://familysearch.org/search. Make sure that Records is selected (it's the default). Be sure to limit the date; choosing "any" life event does nicely. We're going to start calling this database FamilySearch Historical Records to reflect the broader database from which our citations are now coming.

Of course, the limitations on batches continue to be in force, and user submitted data is never acceptable. In general batches beginning with C, J, K, M (except M17 and M18), or P are acceptable. Batches beginning with I are acceptable only on a case-by-case basis and depend on whether or not the individual microfilm extracted is a period record or not. Batches that are all digits, begin with M17 or M18, D, F, H, L, or T are not acceptable. Batch numbers not listed here will be evaluated on a case by case basis. The question that must be answered to determine whether a batch will be allowed is simple: are these the names of period people recorded in period? Indexes of period names created between 1650 and recent years are often normalized and are not generally acceptable evidence of a particular spelling of a name in period.

We've been finding all kinds of names that I would have sworn we'd never find. Alys Mackyntoich has put together a list of given names that she's found in the IGI in an article called "Something Rich and Strange: 'Undocumentable' Names From The IGI Parish Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/SomethingRichandStrange.html). I encourage you to check it out. Among the ones I was startled to find are Erin (1584 England), Heather (1612 England), and most amusingly, Wendy (this has always been the classic example of a modern name, supposedly coined by J. M. Barrie for Peter Pan; it is, however, a masculine name in 1615 England). We're constantly finding new names there, so we encourage heralds to make use of it to document new names and to share them with all of us.

From Wreath: Crescents and Things Revisited

Two submissions this month had the motif of within and conjoined to a crescent a tree, where the crescent was very thin and circular, and the tree quite substantial. Under current precedent, the tree is maintained, which seems fundamentally flawed.

In April 2012, precedent was set regarding how we treat charges within or between the horns of a crescent. At that time, the ruling was:

As shown by the first point, this ruling entirely assumed that crescents would be the typical fat crescent with a small "interior" space between its horns, a more substantial charge than any charge placed within it. However, crescents did in fact vary quite a bit in shape in period, and from round and thick to fairly shallow and thin. The thinner crescents seen in period armorials typically do not extend beyond a semi-circle, looking rather more like bananas in fact, but a more circular thin crescent should not be disallowed in SCA heraldry. It is in fact possible to have a substantial central charge surrounded by a less-substantial thin crescent. Given the variety of crescent shapes, the April 2012 precedent is hereby overturned.

We will therefore treat charges entirely within or between the horns of a crescent, conjoined or not, in a similar manner as to how we treat other paired charges as set forth in the February 2012 precedent on sustained and maintained charges: the more substantial charge is the primary or co-primary charge, and the other charge if smaller is a secondary charge or, if conjoined and less than half the visual weight of the other charge, a maintained charge.

For example, a tree within a crescent is a primary tree and a secondary crescent, but between the horns of a crescent a tree is a primary crescent and a secondary tree. Reblazons to clarify whether a charge within a crescent is a secondary charge or a maintained charge will occur as needed, with the April 2012 reblazons taking priority.

From Palimpsest: Updating Requirements Regarding Submissions Forms

Over the last several years, there have been a number of Cover Letter items clarifying requirements regarding submissions forms, such as crayons (banned) and color printer inks (must be recognizable at the meeting); however, the Administrative Handbook has not kept up with these. Additionally, the Administrative Handbook has not been clear that some form of written request is needful for all actions, including administrative ones, nor has it codified the long-standing policy of having black-and-white (aka "coloring book style") forms. This change brings the Administrative Handbook up to date on those requirements and policies.

The current relevant portion of AH IV.C.1 reads:

All submissions must be on the forms currently approved by Laurel. Appropriate forms must be included for all submissions, including appeals, resubmissions, name changes, etc. Forms are not required for administrative actions, such as transfers, releases, and heraldic wills.

A minimum of two sets of name forms is required for all name submissions, one for the Laurel Office and the other to be maintained in kingdom files. A minimum of three sets of colored armory forms is required for all armory: two for the Laurel Office and the other to be maintained in kingdom files. The preferred medium for colored armory sets is watercolor markers in primary colors such as Crayola Classic Markers. Pastel or neon colors are inappropriate for colored armory forms. However the forms are colored, the submission may be returned if the tinctures are not recognizably heraldic tinctures.

We are changing this portion of AH IV.C.1., effective immediately, to read:

All submissions must be on the forms currently approved by Laurel. Appropriate forms must be included for all non-administrative submissions, including appeals, resubmissions, name changes, etc. Specific forms are not required for administrative actions, such as transfers, releases, and heraldic wills; however, written indication of the submitter's intent must be provided. Suggested form letters for these items can be found in Appendix D of this Handbook.

A minimum of two sets of name forms is required for all name submissions, one for the Laurel Office and the other to be maintained in kingdom files. A minimum of three sets of colored armory forms is required for all armory: two for the Laurel Office and the other to be maintained in kingdom files. A minimum of one set of black-and-white armory forms is required for all armory: the one to be maintained in kingdom files. Black-and-white generally means "coloring book style" or "line drawing", though black portions may be colored in. The preferred medium for colored armory sets is watercolor markers in primary colors such as Crayola Classic Markers; submissions colored with wax-based media such as crayons or wax pencils will be returned. Pastel, neon, and metallic colors are inappropriate for colored armory forms. However the forms are colored, the submission may be returned if the tinctures are not recognizable heraldic tinctures at the time of the decision meeting.

The remainder of AH IV.C.1. remains unchanged.

On a related note, Clarion would like to remind everyone that there are also copies of the suggested form letters, in a convenient form for printing, on the Laurel website under the FAQs link.

West acceptances and returns

No West letter of intent was considered at this meeting. Thus there were no acceptances or returns at the May Laurel meeting.

June 2013 LoAR (sent 16 Aug 2013)

From Pelican: Some Names Resources (An Ongoing Series)

As I start my fourth year writing this series, I want to return to a discussion of the naming resources and issues for specific cultures. I've had a particular request to talk about Eastern European languages, as our resources for them are a little skimpier than for Western Europe.

Russian is the Eastern European language for which we have the most information, and we'll sometimes depend on that information to make sense out of other areas. But it's got a lot of interesting features itself.

The main source for Russian name elements and the grammar that glues them together is Paul Wickenden of Thanet's A Dictionary of Period Russian Names, whose second edition is online (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/) and third edition is available through the SCA Marketplace/Stock Clerk. This source uses a single transliteration system, the Library of Congress system, which is only one of the systems we allow. On the whole, this is a fantastic source. It has one serious weakness for our purposes; it only lists the earliest occurrence of any name. So, for example, Ivan is dated to 1181 in the entry for it, though Ivan was common through 1600 and later. This is particularly frustrating for saint's names, which are often listed with only a very early (3rd century, for example) citation, and must depend on the saint's name allowance for registerability.

The most common pattern for Russian names is a given name followed by a patronymic byname, a byname which describes you as your father's child. Patronymics normally are marked, which is to say that they change the father's name to say that it's a patronymic form. The rules are easy; they're based on how the father's name ends. The forms we're used to hearing today, which end in -vich, are pretty uncommon in period. More common are forms like Mikhailov or Vasil'ev; some names even end in -in for this patronymic form, like Borodin. Sometimes syn "son" was added either to the patronymic form of the father's name or to the unaltered form. For women, the grammar is just a hair different: the patronym must be feminized by adding -a to the end: Mikhailova, Vasil'eva, Borodina. They may be marked using doch' "daughter" (yes, the ' is a letter in Russian). The modern -ovna ending is only found a few times in the early 17th century.

Women are also frequently identified as their husband's wife, using zhena "wife" or again with only the modified form of her husband's name. They are even sometimes identified as someone's mother, with the relationship word mat' in place of doch' or zhena.

Back to men (though these patterns are registerable for women as well): Sometimes, two generations of patronymics (father and grandfather are included) and rarely names go back even further. Unmarked patronymics in Russian are rare but registerable; several citations that are most likely unmarked patronymic bynames in Russian can be found in the September 2007 Cover Letter. These unmarked patronymic bynames seem to be more frequently found in the Ukraine or Belarus rather than in Russia itself. A few other bynames of relationship (including matronymics, which name a man as his mother's son) are found for men; see the grammar section of the Dictionary (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/zgrammar.html) for more details.

Other kinds of bynames are found less frequently. Descriptive bynames are described in the grammar section of Paul's Dictionary (the URL is given above). Paul has also written articles on certain kinds of descriptive bynames (occupational, animal-based, and plant-based); they are housed at his personal website (http://www.goldschp.net/archive/archive.html).

Locative bynames are discussed at length in his "Locative Bynames in Medieval Russia" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/toprus.html). Unlike locative bynames in English, these names are at best rarely formed as a prepositional phrase (z Belina "of Belino"). Instead, they take noun or adjectival forms: Novgorodets "resident of Novgorod", Novgorodov "son of Novgorod", or Rostovskoi "the person from Rostov".

If all that's not enough, we have more good research that expands our collection of names (and name spellings) further: Predislava Vydrina, "Russian Personal Names: Name Frequency in the Novgorod Birch-Bark Letters" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/predslava/bbl/) and with late period data on name frequency, Marya Kargashina, "Names from Muscovite Judgment Charters; Diminutives as Documentary Forms and Name Frequency in Justice in Medieval Russia" (http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/2013/Marya_Kargashina/muscovite_namesrev.htm).

From Wreath: Handling Pairs and Sheaves in Arrangements

Commenters were asked to discuss how best to handle sheaves or pairs of charges combined with other charges in the same charge group. SENA A3D2c requires charges in a group to be in identical postures/orientations or in an arrangement that includes posture/orientation. It also states, "A charge group in which postures for different charges must be blazoned individually will not be allowed without period examples of that combination of postures." Precedent has said, "The charges here do not have comparable postures or orientations, but they also are not in a unified standard arrangement, as the two chisels in saltire must be blazoned separately from the crab in order to adequately describe their positioning. [William the Myllwright, R-Atenveldt, Dec 2012 LoAR]" However, does this precedent follow period practice? Commenters dug through many different armorials across all of Europe to find out.

Most cases of pairs of charges have a single pair of identical charges in saltire as the sole primary charge group. There were also examples of multiple pairs of identical charges in the same charge group. More uncommon were examples of non-identical charges in saltire, most typically a key or a sword and another charge, as they tended to be ecclesiastically related. There were no examples found of multiple pairs of non-identical charges in the same charge group.

For an example of multiple pairs of charges in the same design, the arms of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers, granted in 1512, are Azure, three dolphins naiant embowed in pale argent finned toothed and crowned Or between two pairs of stockfish in saltire argent over the mouth of each fish a crown Or, on a chief gules three pairs of keys of St Peter in saltire.

Most cases of a sheaf of charges were sheaves of arrows. There were other examples of three identical charges arranged in a sheaf, and a few example of two charges in saltire surmounted by a different charge palewise, again typically ecclesiastical in nature, such as two keys in saltire surmounted by a crozier. Again, the vast majority of examples were of a single sheaf as the sole primary charge group.

For an example of multiple sheaves of charges in the same design, the arms of Nicholas Robinson, Bishop of Bangor from 1566-1585, are given by Parker as Azure, a chevron between three sheaves of arrows argent.

It is tempting to consider a sheaf of charges as a single charge, but it is not: it has long been considered as heraldic shorthand for two charges in saltire surmounted by a third charge palewise, and the charges that make up the sheaf are counted individually for purposes of differencing by number. Likewise, while it is tempting to consider a pair of charges in saltire as a single charge, it is not; it is clearly two separate charges arranged in saltire. However, SENA A3D2c does not concern counting charges, merely their placement upon the field in a period arrangement.

Given the period examples, we are overturning past precedent forbidding the combination of a charge and two other charges in saltire, or other similar combinations. We will henceforth treat a pair of charges in saltire and a sheaf of charges as a single unit only for purposes of arrangement under SENA A3D2c. As always, the entire charge group must be in a blazonable period arrangement, such as two and one, in fess, in cross, etc.

West Acceptances

Abra the Trader. Reblazon of device. Gules, a lotus flower in profile argent slipped vert fimbriated argent issuant from a ford proper.

Blazoned when registered in June 1972 as Gules, a lotus flower argent, slipped vert, fimbriated argent, issuant from a base barry wavy argent and azure, the lotus flower is in profile, and the base is wavy which is more commonly blazoned as a ford.

Aibhilin inghean mhic Uibhilin. Name and device. Per pale wavy sable and argent, a pegasus and a winged wolf combatant counterchanged, in base a mullet of seven points vert.

Submitted as Aibhilin inghean mhic Uibhilin, the name was changed by kingdom to Aibhilín inghean mhic Uibhilin. We remind all that all changes, even minor ones, made by kingdom must be summarized. In this case, commenters noted the change, so we do not have to pend the item for further discussion. Names in Gaelic may be registered either with or without accents, as they were found both ways in period. Therefore, we have restored the name to the submitted form.

The submitter requested authenticity for 13th to 15th century Gaelic; this name is authentic for the 15th century.

Christopher the Quiet. Name.

The Letter of Intent justified the given name as the submitter's legal name, but provided no evidence of that fact. Luckily, commenters were able to date Christopher to the 15th century. We remind kingdoms that just because elements are common names does not give you permission to send them up without documentation.

The byname can by justified as a constructed byname or as the lingua Anglica form of the attested Middle English le Coi with the same meaning.

Cynagua, Principality of. Acceptance of badge transfer for Needleworkers' Guild from Sorcha Fhionn inghean uí Ruairc. Per pale Or and argent, on a swan naiant, wings elevated and addorsed, sable a needle bendwise sinister Or.

This badge was to be associated with the Sable Swan Needleworkers' Guild. However, that name is not generic, and would need to be documented in order to be registered. Needleworkers' Guild is a generic identifier.

Elspeth Cameron and Sarra Greyhand. Joint badge. Or, a dragon sejant contourny tail nowed maintaining an open book within a mascle vert.

While there were two additional co-owners of this joint badge listed on the form, per the Administrative Handbook a badge may be registered either by an individual or by two individuals jointly. We've thus taken the first additional name listed as the co-owner of this badge.

Fabian von Sandhausen. Name and device. Per bend sinister wavy Or and sable, a drawn bow with an arrow nocked reversed and a sword bendwise sinister counterchanged.

Neither element of the name was clearly dated to period by the Letter of Intent. No dates were provided for the given name, just a page number in Withycombe (which suggests an English name). Dates were given for the byname, but no source for the date was given. Examination of web sources suggests that the form dated to 1262 may in fact be Santhusen (found among other places at the town website, http://www.sandhausen.de/index.php?id=11).

Luckily, Sans Repose was able to document the given name to 1385 German (from Talan Gwynek's "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia"). Dolphin was able to date Sandhausen to 1631 (from the FamilySearch Historical Documents). Thus, this name can be registered.

Commenters discussed whether or not the bow and arrow needed to have unity of orientation with the sword under SENA A3D2c. While a bow, an arrow, and a sword are each long inanimate charges, and thus would be expected to share the same orientation, a bow and arrow combined essentially puts two long charges in cross, with the resulting mix therefore considered a compact charge. Compact inanimate charges and long inanimate charges do not have comparable orientations.

Kenric Maur. Device. Per chevron argent and Or, a chevron ployé gules between two ravens addorsed reguardant and a Thor's hammer sable.

Please advise the submitter to draw the chevron higher upon the field, as per the guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter.

Lisette la Serena. Name.

The kingdom did not provide a complete summary of the documentation for the name. While we expect kingdoms to summarize adequately, it's very helpful to the Laurel office when commenters fix problems instead of just noting them.

Luckily, Eastern Crown provided the missing information, allowing us to register this name.

Nice 16th century name!

Llerrett de Granada. Reblazon of device. Argent, a demi-pilgrim contourny proper vested azure maintaining a staff and wearing a full shoulder quiver sable.

Blazoned when registered in August 1979 as Argent, a pilgrim couped at the waist, facing sinister, holding in sinister hand a staff, proper, vested azure, wearing a full shoulder quiver sable, we more commonly blazon this as a demi-pilgrim.

Patricia Blakethorn. Device. Per pale sable and argent, two harts combattant counterchanged and in base a rose proper, a chief embattled vert.

Sextus Valerius Cruscillus. Name change from Connor Elphinstone.

The submitter's previous name, Connor Elphinstone, is retained as an alternate name.

Sorcha Fhionn inghean uí Ruairc. Transfer of badge to Cynagua, Principality of. Per pale Or and argent, on a swan naiant, wings elevated and addorsed, sable a needle bendwise sinister Or.

West Returns

Marc de Arundel. Device. Sable, a tree blasted and eradicated between six mullets of four points three and three argent.

This device is not in conflict with the device of Aodh Marland, Sable, semy of compass stars, a tree blasted argent, in chief flames proper. There is a DC for removing the secondary flames, and another DC for the difference in arrangement between semy and effectively three in chief and three in base.

This device engendered a great deal of discussion regarding the flag of Gondor. One of the blazons for Gondor that we protect is Sable mullety of eight points, a tree blasted, flowered and eradicated and in chief a crown argent. There is a DC for removing the secondary crown, and another DC for the difference in arrangement between semy and effectively three in chief and three in base.

However, this device is returned for conflict with the flag of the Stewards of Gondor, registered elsewhere on this letter as Sable, a tree blasted, flowered and eradicated beneath an arch of seven mullets of eight points argent. There is a DC for the change of arrangement of the mullets, but nothing else.

July LoAR (sent September 17, 2013)

From Laurel: Personal Heraldic Titles and You

Over the years since their introduction in July 1981, some confusion and differing traditions have arisen concerning personal heraldic titles and the rank of herald extraordinary. In that Cover Letter, Wilhelm Laurel said:

The rank that I have decided to add is that of Herald Extraordinary. This is a rank in use in England today, whenever they create a Herald's post for some occasion that is not to become a permanent position on the-College of Arms' roster. The rank of Herald Extraordinary shall be permanent so long as the holder continues to remain active in SCA heraldry. It shall fall in rank below a full Herald but above a Pursuivant. Each Herald Extraordinary shall have a title that is his/her own personal title that s/he shall hold so long as s/he remains active. If s/he should retire from the SCA, the title shall retire with her/him and shall not be used again by anyone else. Such titles must still clear my office. Kingdom Principal Heralds are responsible for elevating heralds in their kingdom to this rank, as they are responsible for all other ranks within their kingdom. This rank is reserved for those heralds who have greatly served the College of Heralds and/or the College of Arms and have achieved the highest level of competence in heraldry. Such a rank shall have no fixed duties, unless such shall be agreed upon by the holder and the Kingdom Principal Herald, but instead the holder of the rank shall be a senior member of the College who shall lend heraldic expertise as s/he sees fit.

It is obvious, from this reading, that a herald extraordinary is entitled to a personal heraldic title. But likewise, having or being entitled to a personal heraldic title implies the ranking of herald extraordinary: a herald extraordinary is, after all, just a herald not in ordinary -- that is, not in a regular titled office. Personal heraldic titles are for use by heralds who, as Wilhelm Laurel originally said, "have greatly served the College of Heralds and/or the College of Arms and have achieved the highest level of competence in heraldry" -- that is, heralds who remain in service even when not in ordinary, and therefore they are heralds extraordinary. Principal Heralds and Crowns should take note then -- when you give someone a personal heraldic title or entitle them to chose their own personal heraldic title, you have also elevated them to the "rank" of Herald Extraordinary.

From Laurel: Titles and Non-Profits

Recently, there have been a large number of personal heraldic titles transferred from kingdoms or other SCA groups to individual heralds. It is a good thing that individuals are being recognized for their accomplishments, but we need to change policy to enforce an SCA rule.

The U.S. Federal government has very stringent guidelines on non-profit corporations giving gifts. Since a fee is paid for registration of a title, and it is a form of intellectual property, transferring a title to an individual could be considered a gift. The SCA, Inc., some time ago, required that the SCA branches stop giving gifts to members/non-members where the gifts are paid for by SCA funds. Specifically:

[Y]ou are hereby directed to immediately cease the practice of purchasing gifts, of any kind, where funds of the SCA, Inc. are being used for such purchase. This also applies to reimbursements of any individual for the purchase of a gift on behalf of the branch. [http://www.sca.org/BOD/announcements/gift.html]

While this is an older rule, it has not been overruled. As such, while we recognize that there are titles which were registered to kingdoms in the days before individual ownership was allowed, and we will not stop the transfer of already registered titles to the individuals they were registered for, new titles should be registered directly by individuals, not kingdoms. Titles registered before the May 2013 Laurel meetings will be allowed to be transferred to individuals, and all such transfers should be submitted to Laurel by December 31, 2013. Any personal titles currently in process for individuals which are being registered to groups should be withdrawn immediately and resubmitted by the individual, with a fee collected.

In the case that the title is expected to be transferred to an individual who has not yet been granted a title, and the above date passes, the individual may purchase the title from the group. All transfer paperwork should be made out as if it were a normal transfer, with the exception that this submission must be accompanied by the usual Laurel payment amount, and that payment must have been collected from the submitter. Whether or not to charge a full submission price instead of just the (currently $3) Laurel fee is a matter for the kingdom to determine.

From Pelican: Some Name Resources (An Ongoing Series)

Continuing with the Eastern European theme, this month I'd like to highlight some new resources for documenting Baltic names. We normally refer to the Baltic states as modern Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. However, linguistically the situation is somewhat different. Lithuanian and Latvian are "Baltic languages," related to other Slavic languages. We have resources for Lithuanian, and to a lesser extent Latvian, names. Estonian is related to Finnish and we know of no useful resources for documenting period names.

A little history: the area was for most of our period part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In that area, a variety of languages were spoken and written, mostly Lithuanian, Polish, and Ruthenian (also known as Chancery Slavonic, and the ancestor of modern Ukrainian and Belarusian). The last was written in Cyrillic, the other two in the Latin alphabet. Sometimes documents were also written in Latin and German, but mostly for communication with outside states.

Until relatively recently, our best resource for Lithuanian names was an article from the English language journal Lituanus: "Lithuanian Names," by the mundane scholar William Schmalstieg (http://www.lituanus.org/1982_3/82_3_01.htm). However, recently, ffride wlffsdotter (Goutte d'Eau) has published a pair of articles. The first is "16th and early 17th C. feminine names from Lithuanian records" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ffride/lithuanianwomen.html). The second is "Early 17th century bynames of bridegrooms, from a wedding register from Lankeliskiai parish, Lithuania" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ffride/lithuaniangrooms.html). These new articles represent a substantial increase in our knowledge of Lithuanian names, and we hope she continues to find resources to mine.

So, what's in these resources? Early Lithuanian names were dithemic (made from the joining of two themes or stems), like the masculine Kantibutas or Jovirdas. As Christianity (both Orthodox and Catholic) spread in Lithuania by the 11th century, Christian names from East and West became more common. In the late 14th century, Catholicism became the official state religion. Through this time, a variety of "Christian" names were introduced and became common. By late period, most people appear to have Christian names: the most common women's names in ffride's article are Anna, Kataryna, and Zofiia.

Family names as such appear by the late 14th century, but will still not be universal by the end of our period. Early bynames are mostly patronymic in form, such as the c. 1400 Dravenio s{u-}nus or the gray period Mikailunos. In Ruthenian context, bynames of relationship are rather like those in Russian, using forms like M{i-}kolaevna and sometimes adding words like dochka "daughter" (cognate with Russian doch'). See ffride's "16th and early 17th C. feminine names from Lithuanian records" for more details on these constructions.

Other kinds of bynames are found as well. In ffride's article on feminine names article, descriptive bynames are found. Additionally, women are described as relatives (wives, daughters, etc.) of men using masculine occupational descriptions that may be bynames. Another byname pattern found in the period around Christianization is the use of two given names, one Christian and one "native Lithuanian," connected with alias or unmarked, such as the Latinized Michael alias Minegal or Joannes Gosztowdo, both from the late 14th or early 15th century.

Latvia has a rather different history, as it falls under German control by around 1200. Riga will become part of the Hanseatic League and German and Latin will be the languages of record for most of the Middle Ages. A partial list of Latvian given names was created by Aranhwy merch Catmael, "Medieval Latvian Given Names" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/other/latvian.html). These names are mostly Christian, even in the 13th century. This may reflect the earlier Christianization of Latvia and/or the greater German influence there.

There are no online sources for Latvian family names. However, the book Die Rigaer und Revaler Familiennamen im 14. und 15. Jahrhundert: unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Herkunft der Bürger, by Liselotte Feyerabend (Köln: Böhlau, 1985) has information about 14th and 15th century family names in Riga. Most of them are German, but there are some examples of [sentence trucated on LoAR website ...].

From Wreath: Charges Within Charges

Commentary on several recent submissions has raised the issue of whether or not a charge "framed" within another charge is a step from period practice. Precedent says:

[A demi-flamberge...within and issuant from the base of a serpent involved deosil] This device has several unattested elements: ...and framing the badge within a serpent involved. The latter, while popular in the SCA, is nonetheless a weirdness... [Rowen Killian, R-Caid, February 1997 LoAR]

[a triangle inverted voided and a triangle voided conjoined in pale within the astronomical sign for Taurus] ...Using it in this non-standard fashion (the framing of one charge by another is itself very rare in period heraldry), is another weirdness... [Ungust Filius Antonii, R-Caid, June 2000 LoAR]

[three broadarrows in pall inverted, points outward, within a hexagon voided] Several commenters asked whether this is a period design or whether there should be a step from period practice for the framing. A step from period practice for the framing would be the only single step from period practice for the device, so the badge would be registerable anyway. We decline to rule at this time on the question of whether the framing is a step from period practice. [Alan of Caerlaverock, A-Middle, October 2008 LoAR]

Despite the earlier rulings, enforcing a step from period practice for a charge framed by another charge has not occurred in the past decade as far as we can tell. Certainly we have not upheld the precedent with regard to laurel wreaths. The March 2009 Cover Letter did establish that charges within annulets were not a step from period practice, based on period examples of that exact motif.

Our bar for declaring a charge to not be a step from period practice is rather low. SENA A2B4 states, "For charges, a single example of that charge used in European armory during our period is usually sufficient to allow its use without being a step from period practice." For a general motif, more than one example would seem to be better, to cover the general sort of variety one expects, but the documentation should be less than that required of an Individually Attested Pattern, since those patterns are otherwise entirely unregisterable.

While the motif of a charge framed by another charge is quite rare in period armory, it is by no means unknown. In addition to the known pattern of charges within annulets, we also have:

We should also note the very nature of bordures, orles, and tressures, which are not uncommonly surrounding other charges. Given these examples, we are explicitly overturning the 1997 and 2000 precedents and declaring that the motif of a charge "framed" by another charge is not in itself a step from period practice.

From Wreath: Involved Serpents

In Society blazon, we have frequently blazoned the motif of a serpent or dragon curled in a circle and biting its own tail as involved or involved in annulo. As the period blazon term involved appears reserved for serpents curled into a spiral shape, not into an annulet, we need to be able to distinguish between these postures. Therefore we will no longer use the term involved for charges actually in annulo; instead, we will use the term in annulo vorant of its own tail or some other similar blazon. Registered items using just involved that are in annulo will be reblazoned this month; other items using involved in annulo will be reblazoned as needed in the future.

West Acceptances

Achilles of Sparta. Name.

The Achilles of the Iliad was not associated with Sparta. Achilles was also the name of normal men; it's found 115 times in the LGPN. Thus, this name is not in conflict with the famous Greek hero.

This byname is the lingua Anglica form of a Greek byname like Spartiates.

Amie of Exeter. Reblazon of device. Argent, a pair of hands clasped couped azure above a dragon in annulo vorant of its own tail gules.

Blazoned when registered in January 1973 as Argent, a pair of dexter hands clasped couped azure above a dragon involved gules, we are clarifying the posture of the dragon.

Angus Wemyss of Fife. Reblazon of device. Azure, in chief a serpent in annulo vorant of its own tail argent between two flaunches Or.

Blazoned when registered in June 1990 as Azure, in chief a serpent involved argent between two flaunches Or, we are clarifying the posture of the serpent.

Bera of the West. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per saltire argent and azure, a valknut sable.

Please advise the submitter to draw the valknut to fill the available space.

There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

Submitted under the name Bera Vigabjarki.

Carrick MacBrian. Device. Per pale sable and gules, an orle of lozenges argent.

Nice device!

Clotilde d'Avignon. Device. Argent, a branch bendwise proper issuing to chief three roses purpure, a bordure vert.

A similar depiction to this branch with roses can be seen in the arms of von Brederlow on pl.171 of Siebmacher. This period charge is somewhat unusual in that both the branch and the roses are significant, and it should be seen as distinct from a rose branch flowered, which is equivalent to just the flowers.

Nice device!

Fiore del Volpe. Name.

Nice 15th century Italian name!

Hrothgar Uthersson. Name.

Submitted as Hrothgar Uthersson, the name was changed at kingdom to Hrothgar Utherson to match the documentation they could find. However, Uthersson is compatible with Middle English patronymic bynames; therefore we have restored this name to the submitted form.

Hrothgar was documented as an Old Norse name; it is not one. The Letter of Intent says that it is in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Viking Names Found in the Landnámabók;" it is not, but Hróðgeirr is. Hrothgar is Old English; related forms, like Rothger and Hróðgeirr are Norse forms. Old English is compatible with an Arthurian byname, so this is not a bar to registration.

We note that as in Old Norse, we will register Old English forms that render edh and thorn either as single characters or as th; we will not mix the two.

Katla loki Ulfsdottir. Name change from Bella Caterina Malatesta.

The byname loki is an attested descriptive byname in Geirr Bassi.

The submitter's previous name, Bella Caterina Malatesta, is retained as an alternate name.

Krysta of Starfall. Name change from Krysta MacIntyre.

The submitter registered the name Krysta of Starfall in September of 1984. In May of 1998, the submitter registered Krysta MacIntyre. The name Krysta of Starfall was released at that time. The submitter now seeks to change her name back to Krysta of Starfall and keep Krysta MacIntyre as an alternate name. The submitter states that at the time she registered Krysta MacIntyre, the West Kingdom College's policy was to prohibit "alternate names" and so she was unable to retain the name Krysta of Starfall. Examination of the form used indicates that there was no place for the submitter to indicate the disposition of the old name. Policy stated then and states now that the default disposition is to release the old name.

In 1998 when the submitter registered Krysta MacIntyre the then-current administrative rules permitted the registration of alternate names. (Administrative Handbook, II.A.2 (1996).) Some commenters raised the point that at various times Kingdoms would decide to create rules as to what could be registered that were more restrictive than the Laurel Office's rules and policies.

The complete facts here are unclear and lost in the mists of time. It is not clear whether the West Kingdom did in fact prohibit alternate names in 1998, although the West Kingdom submission form at that time did not give the submitter the option to allow a former primary name to be retained as an alternate name. It is also unclear whether in 1998 the submitter desired to retain her former primary name Krysta of Starfall as an alternate name. However, under these circumstances we will accept that the submitter desired to keep Krysta of Starfall as an alternate name.

The reinstatement of Krysta of Starfall as the submitter's primary name does not conflict with any registrations from the date of release (May of 1998) to the present. Given this and given the facts here, without making any judgment as to the policies of the West Kingdom College of Heralds in 1998, Laurel gives the submitter the benefit of the doubt and reinstates the registration of Krysta of Starfall to the submitter, and changes the submitter's primary name to Krysta of Starfall.

The submitter's previous name, Krysta MacIntyre is retained as an alternate name.

Lucius Cassius Maris. Device. Argent fretty sable, a trident head and a bordure vert.

Rachel MacIain. Reblazon of device. Azure, a wingless dragon in annulo around a carnation between in pale two carnations argent.

Blazoned when registered in April 1988 as Azure, a wingless dragon involved around a carnation between in pale two carnations, all argent, we are clarifying the posture of the dragon.

Ragnarr inn hávi. Reblazon of device. Vert, a wolf rampant argent within a serpent contourny in annulo vorant of its own tail Or, a bordure embattled argent.

Blazoned when registered in July 2012 as Vert, a wolf rampant argent within a serpent involved Or, a bordure embattled argent, we are clarifying the posture of the serpent.

Sighfridh hauknefr. Reblazon of device. Gyronny gules and Or, a serpent in annulo vorant of its own tail, head to base, within a bordure argent.

Blazoned when registered in December 2009 as Gyronny gules and Or, a serpent involved, head to base, within a bordure argent, we are clarifying the posture of the serpent.

Sigurd Svenson the Far-Travelled. Reblazon of device. Gules, on a bezant within a serpent in annulo vorant of its own tail Or, an arrowhead azure.

Blazoned when registered in January 1973 as Gules, on a bezant within a serpent involved Or, an arrowhead azure, we are clarifying the posture of the serpent.

Thea of Midvale. Reblazon of device. Or, a serpent contourny in annulo vorant of its own tail gules, a base embattled azure.

Blazoned when registered in September 1997 as Or, a serpent involved gules, a base embattled azure, we are clarifying the posture of the serpent.

Theodora Xiphiline. Name.

Appearing on the Letter of Intent as Theodora Xiphilinos, the family name must be feminized, which makes it Xiphiline. We have made that change in order to register it.

The Letter of Intent says that of the Byzantine Empire was dropped to "avoid any possible conflict with the Empress Theodora." The addition of the element Xiphline already does that, even if she is important enough to protect. Nonetheless, there is no evidence that of the Byzantine Empire (as opposed to of Byzantium) is a historical form. Thus, that byname cannot be registered.

Tullia Serafina da Ferrara. Name change from Sarah Wydville and device change. Azure, on a cross fleury Or between four plates a hurt.

The submitter requested authenticity for 16th c. northern Italy. This name probably meets that request. It includes two relatively rare given names that are documented from two different places in northern and central Italy. But it is not implausible that a woman could have borne both names in the 16th century.

The submitter's previous name, Sarah Wydville, is retained as an alternate name.

Her previous device, Per fess argent and paly argent and sable, in canton a rose, a bordure sable, is retained as a badge.

Yngvildr Þorgilsdottir. Name and device. Gyronny vert and argent, each gyron charged with a needle point to center counterchanged argent and gules.

Nice Old Norse name!

Zaid al-Fallah al-Hajji. Reblazon of badge. Per bend embattled gules and argent, in sinister chief a sun within a snake contourny in annulo vorant of its own tail Or.

Blazoned when retained as a badge in March 2011 as Per bend embattled gules and argent, in sinister chief a sun within a snake involved Or, we are clarifying the posture of the snake.

West Returns

Bera Vigabjarki. Name.

Vigabjarki is a constructed byname intended to mean "battle bear cub," but no evidence was presented that one could construct a byname in that way.

Using these elements, the submitter has several options. One is to make the elements separate bynames, as in Viga-Bera bjarki. Another is to construct a masculine name (byname and given name)Viga-Bjarki and make this man her father or husband; that gives Bera Viga-Bjarka dóttir and Bera Viga-Bjarka kona. Unfortunately, any of these is a major change, which the submitter does not allow. Thus, this name must be returned.

Her device has been registered under the holding name Bera of the West.

Gunnar hálftr{o,}ll. Name.

This name conflicts with the registered Gunther Halftroll. The bynames are identical in sound, as they are just different transliterations of the same Old Norse byname. Thus, all sound difference must come from the given names. The given names change in pronunciation over time and space, but in one pronunciation of each (\goon-ahr\ and \goon-tahr\), the only difference is the central consonant cluster. That is not enough to make them clear of conflict without a letter of permission to conflict.

Khadijah al Mutadi. Name.

The name al-Muhtadi (note the slight spelling difference) was used as the regnal name of an 9th century caliph. It is also used to describe Muhammad and other early leaders of Islam. No evidence was presented that it was a byname used by "normal" people before 1600. Another name, al-Mu'tadd, was also used as a regnal name, this time by an 11th century caliph. Barring evidence that either word was used to make bynames for normal people, they cannot be registered.

In Service,
Gwenhwyfaer ferch Gwilym ap Morgan o Erryrys,
Matins Herald

SUBMISSONS – 29 September, XLVIII (2013)


Annora Underdowne – New name

Annora – documented as existing in England during the 12th through 14th centuries by St. Gabriel: http://s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/index_mid1.html.

Underdowne – documented on www.familysearch.org per LoAR September 2011; Suzan Underdowne, christened 27 Jan 1593 and William Underdowne, christened 25 Nov 1599; also Vnderdoune dated to 1316, Reaney and Wilson, p 461.

Bran Sparhawk – New name & device

Vert, a bend sable fimbriated argent, overall a talbot rampant contourny maintaining a mug Or.
Bran – found at http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Annalsindex/Masculine/Bran.shtml, `dated to 1364 as Irish Gaelic.

Sparhawk – submitted as “Sparrowhawk”, submitter only documented “Sparhawk”, dated to 1327 in Reany and Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames, p. 420. We were unable to document “Sparrowhawk” to our period.

Device seems clear of conflict. There was a discussion about the visual difference between “a bend X fimbriated Y” and “on a bend X, a bend Y”. We opted to go with fimbriation as the stripes are fairly narrow.

Christopher the Quiet – Name Registered June 2013 LOAR; Resubmission of device to kingdom

Argent, an escarbuncle pometty vert charged with a human eye brown, a gore sable.
There is no conflict found. We had some discussion about the human eye being visible, and the line drawing having excess detail around the eye. The general consensus was “TOYOTA.”

Elisheva bint Sitt al-Sirr – Name Registered August 2006; CHANGE of device, release of old device & permission to conflict w/both name & device

Sable, three roses in pale and a gore Or.
Device – appears clear of conflict.

Fatimah al-Zahra’ bint Rashid Umm Sitt al-Sirr – Change of registered name from ‘Ijliyah bint Rashid – Atenveldt February 2010

Formation and elements Fatimah al-Zahra’ bint Rashid Umm documented in http://heraldry.sca.org/names/andalusia.html.

Element Sitt al-Sirr is found in http://heraldry.sca.org/names/geniza.html.

Hannah Story Teller - New name & device

Sable, a hound sejant argent maintaining in its mouth an open scroll Or, a bordure embattled argent masoned sable.

The following are found in “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975” (https://familysearch.org/).

Hannah – Hannah Jackson, christened 11 Aug 1594; Batch #C06071-2; https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/JQRC-84H.

Story – Margaret Story, christened 18 June 1597; Batch #C01849-7; https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N6C6-BYP.

Teller – Ceslye Teller, christened 1597; Batch # C00086-5; https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J7Z6-2YW.

Device appears clear of conflict.

Hrafna-Kára - New name only

Kára – Geir Bassi Haraldsson, “The Old Norse Name”, p. 12, feminine give name.

Hrafna - Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sarah L Uckelman), “Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók.” http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html.

The SCA requires that a registered name have two elements, a given name and a byname of some form. Aryanhwy’s article mentioned above explicitly describes “Hrafna-” as a byname meaning Raven. She appears to state that a valid Norse name may take the form of [X-][Y], where X- is the byname element and Y is the given name element. There was much argument and disagreement as to whether the submitted name (which is in this form) constitutes a single given name and thus needs an additional byname for registration, or whether it actually consists of two names, the prefixed byname and a given name, thus having both elements needed for a valid registration under our rules. We searched and could not find clarification on this. We are requesting the assistance of the College regarding this.

Skialda-Ævarr (Ansteorra 09/2010), citing (Yxna-Sigarr, 02/2005), states:

“Precedent says:
Although the name presents the appearance of a single name, it is, in fact, a prepended byname and a given name. This formation is not uncommon in Old Norse, although such combinations often became given names themselves. We have registered such names in the past without comment, notably Burlu-Oláfr, registered January 1992.”

Isabel Machado – New name & device

Quarterly vert and Or, four arrows in saltire, points to center, counterchanged Or and gules.
Isabel – found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sarah L Uckelman), “Portuguese Feminine Names from Lisbon 1565” (139 instances) http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/portuguese/fem1565.html.

Machado – found in “Portuguese Surnames from Lisbon 1565” (15 instances) http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/portuguese/sur1565.html.

Device appears clear of conflict.

Kathryn Onora – New name

Kathryn - <Kathryn Bradshaw> married 1576, Kent, England; batch #M01596-5; www.familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NNCZ-JQ8.

Onora - <Annie Onora> christened 1632, Kent, England; batch #C02143-5; www.familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J7LP-6V9.

This is standard English given name – surname construction, the pattern of which is found in the element documentation.

Khalidah bint Sa’id al-`Attar – New name, device & badge

Device: Or, a scorpion bendwise sinister sable seme of mullets Or.
Badge: Sable, a scorpion bendwise sinister and in dexter chief a mullet of four points Or.
Submittor provided no documentation at all for the name. We find the following registered name “Ziyad al-'Attar" (January 2013 via Atlantia). We have limited resources for Arabic names and were unable to determine if “Ziyad” = “Sa’id.” If yes, then the Submitter seems to be claiming relationship with this person. Do we need “permission to conflict”?

Khalidah – We find “Khalida” in http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm.

Sa’id – masculine given name found in http://heraldry.sca.org/names/arabic-naming2.htm.

al-`Attar – found in in http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm; the perfumer, the druggist.

Device appears to be clear; submitter will be advised to draw the seme of uniform size and positioning.

Badge appears clear of conflict.

Lars Magnus – New name & device

Gules, a wolf rampant within a bordure indented Or.
Lars – Multiple instances as a given name in Diplomatarium Norvegicum (http://www.docpro.uio.no) Records include Lars Siggheszon, 1528; Lars Monson, 1561; Lars Vmmasson, 1520.

Magnus – Multiple instances as surname in 16th Century German in the “Deutschland, Geburten und Taufen 1558-1898” from reputable batch numbers considered acceptable per the September 2011 LoAR. (https://familysearch.org).

Possible German/Norse combination problems – check SENA.

Device appears clear of conflict.

Magdalina Georg’eva Oshitkovna Ochakovicha – Resubmission to kingdom of device

Per fess vert and azure, a mermaid in her vanity argent tailed Or, between in chief two flamingos statant respectant argent.
Submitter’s previous device “Per fess vert and azure, a mermaid in her vanity argent, tailed Or” was returned for conflict with the registered badge of Colin of Duntamknackan (8/79) “Tinctureless, a merman bow in dexter and arrow in sinister hand, tail raised to sinister. This resubmission clears the conflict.

Device appears clear of conflict.

Michel von Schiltach – Name submitted July 2013; Resubmission to kingdom of device; New Badge

Device: Quarterly gules and argent, a mullet of seven points inverted counterchanged.
Badge: Fieldless, on a mullet of seven points argent a tree sable.
Submitter’s previous device “Per chevron azure and argent, two stags attires palewise argent and in base on a tree proper, a mullet of seven points inverted, argent” was returned at Kingdom for redrawing and clarification as to whether submitter wanted “per chevron” or “per chevron throughout”. This is a complete redesign.

Device appears clear of conflict. The center point of the Quarterly division should pass through the center of the inverted mullet, but esthetically the line passing slightly below the center makes a much better, more heraldic depiction.

Badge appears clear of conflict.

Salina de la Serna – New name & device

Per pall inverted, sable, vert and argent, in pall three oak leaves stems to center, counterchanged argent and sable.
Salina – p. 194, Morlet “Les Noms de Personne sur le Territoire de L’Ancienne Gaule du Vie au XIIe Siecle Vol. I, dated to a.955; TEMPORAL PROBLEM!!! Alternatively, SENA PN.1.B.2.e. (Legal Name Allowance) allows registration of name phrases from the Submitter’s legal name upon proof of the name on an acceptable legal document. “Salina” is the Submitter’s legal given name as shown on her California Driver’s License which was examined by Matins.

de la Serna – found in Spanish Names from the Inquisition Trials of Cuidad Real, 1483-1513 (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/spanish/ciudadreal.html).

It would be greatly appreciated if the College could help us resolve the problems in the name documentation as it would be much better to register a temporally compatible name. Failing this, however, the Legal Name Allowance should allow this Submitter to have the name she desires.

Device: We believe this is clear of Lia de Thornegge, registered January of 2011 (via Drachenwald): Per pall inverted sable, vert and argent, three seeblätter inverted argent, argent and sable. We see a DC for unforced orientation change – the inverted seeblatter are in pale, the oak leaves are in pall, stems to center; and a DC for seeblatter (a very stylized heart with a shamrock cut out shape per Drachenwald LoI dated Oct. 31, 2010) to natural oak leaves (curved edges and leaf veins visible).

Verica of Lighthaven – Name registered August 2010; Resubmission to kingdom of device

Azure, a winged chalice in base, wings elevated, and in chief between the wingtips three mullets of six points one and two Or.
Submitted device has been returned multiple times for use various reasons (12/95 – name returned at kingdom causing device to be returned; 4/10 – name & device resubmitted, name sent to Laurel and registered 8/10, device on wrong forms was returned at kingdom). This submission, while on the correct forms, may scan purpure and orange. However, the device is a rather dark azure and Or. Device seems clear of conflict.


Cempestra O’Breoniann – New name & device

Per pale sable and vert, a tree blasted and eradicated, and on a chief argent three ravens martleted rising sable.
Cempestra – Anglo Saxon constructed, meant to be “female warrior.” The submitter documents “Cemp” and “Kempe” as surnames across a broad timeframe within our period. “Kemper” and the extrapolated “Cempestra” as “male warrior” and “female warrior” per the OED. “Ceimpa” is found in R&W as Old English for “warrior” (p. 262 at Kemp, Kempe). We can find no support for “Kempe” as a given name. We can find no support for any given name as “Kemper” or “Cempestra”. Submitter states no preference for gender, and plans to use “Cemper” as a nickname.

O’Breoniann – St. Gabriel documentation of Irish Gaelic

Device seems clear of conflict, but cannot be sent on without a registerable name.

Kathryn Onora – Device returned

Argent, a bow and needle interlaced in saltire sable, the needle threaded gules, a gore vert.
Device discussion – The bow position is not blazonable, the string should be CLEARLY bendwise or CLEARLY palewise. The bow stave needs to be thicker than the string, and the needle would also be better served being thinner than the bow stave and thicker than the string. The point of the gore needs to be out about another ½ inch, and therefore take up more of the field.

Wulfgar Folkvardr - Return of New name & device

Sable, on a gauntlet aversant argent an eye of Ra azure.
Wulfgar – Found at http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/malmesbury-oe.html dated to 931 A.D.

Folkvardr – 20000 names documentation not valid.

Device discussion – must be returned as the used crayons, not markers and printed the device forms in the wrong size. The submission is in conflict with: Isengard: Sable, a hand argent. registered in August of 2008 (via Caid) Important non-SCA arms.

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