Minutes of the March, 2011 Heralds Meeting

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MINUTES OF THE MONTHLY MEETING – 13 March XLV (2011)

The meeting was held on Sunday, 13 March 2011, in Stockton. The meeting started at 12:50PM and ended at 4:30PM. In attendance at this meeting were: Owen ap Morgan, Matins; Moira O’Connor, Vesper; Gwenhwyfaer ferch Gwilym, Brachet; Eilis O’Byrne, Baldric; Anne FitzRichard, Greencloak; Maxen Dawel ap Morgan, Exchequer; Caoilinn Rose Maddox, Glora Fjord; Zotikos the Cretan, Danegeld Tor; Frederick of Holland, PaL; Volker von dem Walde, PEaL; Ana Maria de Acosta; Francesca Maria Lucretia Saracini; Vincenzo Saracini; and Juan Miguel Esteban Alfredo de Valencia.

COLLEGE OF HERALDS MEETINGS
Future 2011 meetings are currently scheduled for April 3 (rescheduled to avoid the Kingdom officers' meeting on the 17th), May 8, June 5, July 10, August 21, September 11, October 23, and November 20. We do not presently intend to hold a meeting in December 2011. Meetings start at noon, unless otherwise announced.

PLEASE NOTE: Unless and until specified otherwise, the regular meetings are now taking place in Stockton at the home of Owen ap Morgan, Matins Herald:

2023 Oak Branch Dr
Stockton, CA 95205
(209) 463-6861 (message)
Contact Owen for directions. The drive is approximately an hour from Sacramento and an hour and a half from either Berkeley or San Jose via Livermore.

Walk-in submissions are generally permitted but not encouraged, as they do not allow for advance review and prep work.. If you are bringing the paperwork for a submission to a meeting, please plan to arrive by 11:00 am to allow the file to be pulled or set up. For meetings not held in Stockton (Collegium, 12th Night, etc.) sufficient advance notice to pull any existing file will be required.

We are conducting some preliminary name research through the West Kingdom heraldic consultation mailing list wkheralds_consults@yahoogroups.com . This list is open to all those interested in West Kingdom book heraldry: both names and devices, and either to contribute or to ask questions. To join the list, please subscribe through Yahoo or at wkheralds_consults-subscribe@yahoogroups.com. If you subscribe by e-mail, you can complete the process by replying to the confirmation e-mail; it is not necessary to log in to Yahoo. Please note that initial posts are moderated and thus may not appear on the list immediately.

PERSONNEL -- RECENT CHANGES AND POSITIONS AVAILABLE:


REPORTS

Moira, Vesper- Vesper will be traveling to Oertha, along with Baldric, to teach classes and assist with Officer training.

Anne, Green Cloak – Nothing to report.

Ketiley, Banner- No report.

Eilis, Baldric- Baldric will be traveling to Oertha along with Vesper. Also, there is a plan to attend Southern Shores and Golden Rivers Collegium to hold a track of classes.

Owen, Matins – Laurel is starting to catch back up; the January LOAR has been published, and February is in process. Laurel has made recent announcements regarding technical details that need careful attention, such as branch submission petitions (see below) and the need to acknowledge each and every change made to submissions at kingdom. We need to be more careful checking name conflict; we missed seeing a registration conflicting with Bran MacMurrough because the registered item used the Gaelic spelling. This may mean we need an experienced herald checking the Armorial at all times [but even with that, the March meeting overlooked the registered Katryna Robyn while we were checking Katherine Robinson.] Name conflicts can be tricky; if you don't know enough to be certain something isn't a conflict, ask someone who does know.
The applicants for the three sovereign positions (Laurel, Pelican, and Wreath) were announced in the January 2011 LOAR cover letter. These are:
For Laurel, Alexander Ravenscroft, current Torch Herald for Meridies.
For Laurel, Gabriel andvaka Kjotvason, currently an untitled Laurel commenter from Northshield.
For Pelican, the incumbent Juliana de Luna.
For Wreath, Emma de Fetherstan, current Star Principal Herald of Ansteorra.
[All current offices are according to the roster page in OSCAR, which may or may not be up to date.]
The BOD will accept commentary from anyone regarding the candidates. Originally the decisions were to be made at the April 2011 BOD meeting, so that the new sovereigns could be installed at KWHSS in June. While this may still happen for Wreath and Pelican, on Mar. 18 the BOD (via the SCA Announcements e-mail list) issued a new call for resumes for the position of Laurel, with a deadline of June 1 for submitting resumes. Based on this I do not expect a new Laurel to be chosen before July, with installation depending on how fast the new sovereign can be brought up to speed on procedures. Given past history, the BOD has reason to be cautious about who they install as Laurel.
As you can see, the West Kingdom College is not the only one having difficulty recruiting applicants for top heraldic positions.

Astri­, Latimer- (not attending, report by Frederick of Holland) We had a submission table at Golden Rivers Championship, and had almost 3 hours of interest. The suggestion is to have the ability to hold more "pick-up" consult tables at local events and practices where people are generally more relaxed and less overscheduled than at big events like Crown.

Gwenhwyfaer, Brachet- Meetings in Sacramento on Mondays have been well attended. We have finished January, and are starting on February with the goal of being completely up to date by the end of March. We have a suggestion to hold a Bratchet meeting at the end of the Monthly meeting, when there is enough time, to foster training. East Bay Commenting Meetings are reported to be about one month behind.

Hirsch, Golem- No report.

Gillian, Seawolf – No report.

Zaid, Sable Swan – Intent is given to give up the office at Spring Coronet, dependant on final approval of their Highnesses. Vesper has already approved the potential successor.

Clare, Stellanordica – No report.

Maxen, exchequer- Domesday is done. Currently, we are training a potential successor. Bank account signatures remain an issue. We still need signatures from Vesper & the potential successor.


ANNOUNCEMENTS

SUBMISSIONS GUIDELINES
UPCOMING EVENTS
This year's Known World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium will be held in Atlantia, in High Point, North Carolina on the weekend of June 24-26, 2011. The symposium is a chance to meet top heralds from throughout the Known World and take classes at various levels. If you care to attend, it's not too soon to be making arrangements. See http://kwhss.sca.org/ for more details.

GENERAL ANNOUNCEMENTS

VOICE HERALDRY: Greencloak will continue to hold voice heraldry training sessions at the beginning of events to encourage involvement at the event.

MAILING LIST: The West Kingdom College of Heralds has a mailing list for internal communication. Any herald is welcome to join by request. To join the list, please subscribe at wkheralds-subscribe@yahoogroups.com.

ELECTRONIC RESOURCES: Many interesting heraldic links can be found through the SCA Heraldry web page at http://www.sca.org/heraldry, including the Laurel home page, the on-line Armorial and Ordinary (with search capabilities) and The Academy of St. Gabriel (an onomastic and heraldic consultation service). The West Kingdom Heraldry site and the West Kingdom Awards List can be accessed through the West Kingdom site, http://www.westkingdom.org. Heraldic queries may also be addressed to Moira at herald@westkingdom.org -- answers may take a few days.

West Kingdom College of Heralds Minutes are published on the web. They may be read at or printed from the heralds' website at http://heralds.westkingdom.org/Minutes.htm. There is a colored version and a printer-friendly black and white version available.

BRACHET MEETINGS
These meetings comment on heraldic submissions from other Kingdoms. The meetings are held most Mondays at 7:00 pm at 4317 Alderwood Way, Sacramento, CA 95864. Call Gwenhwyfaer ferch Gwilym (Brachet) for more information, (916) 323-4268 or email her, .

EAST BAY COMMENTING MEETINGS
These meetings comment on heraldic submissions from other Kingdoms. Please consider attending – you do not have to be able to attend every week. They are a fast way to learn how the Rules of Submission work and how to research armory. These meetings have changed location and are now in Walnut Creek on Wednesday nights. If you are interested, contact the Latimer Herald, Astri­ of Swansvale (Gretchen Lebednik) at .


EXCERPTS FROM THE LOAR

The cover letters, acceptances and returns for the past can be found at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/. If you are interested in responding to some of the calls for commentary put out by the Laurel Queen of Arms, please be sure to visit the site.

JANUARY 2011 LOAR

Cover letter

From Laurel: Applications for The Sovereign Positions

We would like to remind all interested parties that the deadline for applications for the position of Laurel, Pelican, and Wreath Sovereigns of Arms was March 1, 2011. The August 2010 Cover Letter gave details on the requirements for the positions.

We would also like to remind everyone that Laurel is accepting applications for a replacement Ragged Staff Herald. Details are also on the August 2010 Cover Letter.

As of this writing, we have received the following applications electronically:

We urge all members of the College of Arms and the kingdom Colleges of Heralds to provide their feedback to the Board of Directors on these applications.

From Laurel: KWHSS 2012 Bids Requested

For those considering bidding on the 2012 Known World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium, the deadline to have your bid entered into OSCAR is May 15, 2011. This will give the College of Arms time for consideration so that we can announce the bid's award at this year's KWHSS in Atlantia, as is our preferred practice.

Please remember that bids posted to OSCAR are publicly readable. Because of this, all personal information, such as legal names, addresses, phone numbers, and email, should not be included in these bids without signed, written permission. Such information as is necessary should be posted as a comment after the bid is finalized, so that only the College of Arms can read it. Please send a courtesy copy of the full bid to Laurel at laurel@heraldry.sca.org.

As a reminder, there is a KWHSS domain and web hosting space available on the SCA's servers; you need not register your own.

Please see http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/kwhs/ or contact Laurel if you have any questions.

From Laurel: A Gentle Reminder Regarding Petitions

There have been a few issues lately regarding petitions for branch names and armory, in some cases rendering the petitions invalid. We would like to remind everyone of what is required for a valid petition and when petitions are required.

As is described in the Administrative Handbook IV.C.5. Evidence of support, a valid petition must include on every page of the petition, both a clear description of the item(s) being submitted and the date. For armory, either the emblazon or blazon is acceptable, though including both is preferable.

Petitions are required by the Administrative Handbook for the branch name and the branch arms alone. They are not required by Laurel for award and order names, badges, or other items.

From Pelican: Some Name Resources (A Series)

We've talked about online dictionaries for English, Old Norse, and French. Unfortunately, there is not an equivalent online dictionary for Spanish. What there is, however, is almost as useful (if you can read a little Spanish). The Real Academia Espa˝ola has a collection of historical documents, which form a database of historical usage. It's called CORDE (Corpus Diacrˇnico del Espa˝ol) and is found at http://corpus.rae.es/cordenet.html.

The word that you want to find goes in the search box labeled Consulta. Put 1600 (or 1650) in the second space in the second of the two boxes labeled Cronolˇgico (which limits the citations to before that date). Click Buscar. That will bring up a group of cases (the number is listed as casos under Resultado). To get the actual examples (for context), click on the button labeled Recuperar. If the number is under 1,000 or so, the system defaults to giving the sentence from the original document, listed as Concordancias.

If there are too many examples, you can't get to the Concordancias directly. Instead, the system will bring up a list of documents. You have to select documents (you can select several at a time), then change the drop-down box from Documentos to Concordancias and click Recuperar to get the citations.

You'll need to include the information you get here with any submission, as the search doesn't generate a permanent URL. For example, a search on Leonor gives 253 cases in 27 documents before 1650. A 1553 document describes los dichos lišenšiado ăerbantes e do˝a leonor de torreblanca ('the said licenciado Cervantes and Do˝a Leonor de Torreblanca').

West Kingdom acceptances

AlewaŘlfe the Red. Reblazon of device. Per chevron inverted vert and azure, a chevron inverted argent between a hippogriff courant and two unicorns salient addorsed Or.

We note that the name in the online Ordinary and Armorial is Alewaulfe the Red, and this is incorrect. Both the submissions form and the definitive paper version of the April 1976 LoAR have the umlaut added by hand.

Blazoned when registered in April 1976 as Per chevron reversed vert and azure, a chevron reversed argent between a hippogriff courant and two unicorns salient addorsed, all Or, we are updating the blazon since we no longer describe chevrons as being reversed, reserving that term for items which are mirrored right-to-left.

Gerold Bright Angel. Reblazon of device. Gules, a cross quadrate and in canton a mullet Or.

Blazoned when registered in January 1974 as Gules, a cross quadrate by estoile, and in canton a mullet Or, the cross is not actually quadrate. The 'corners' are actually acute angles, and the whole somewhat resembles the minor points we sometimes see on a compass star. The cross, however, is functionally and heraldically equivalent to a cross quadrate, and we have changed the blazon so that future heralds are not confused by the old blazon.

Oliver de Montfort. Name.

Appearing on the Letter of Intent as Oliver of Southhampton, the forms gave both that name and Oliver de Montfort. The submitter confirmed that the latter was his intended submission, and we have registered it accordingly.

This was pended from the October 2010 Letter of Acceptances and Returns.

West Kingdom returns

None. [Note: This LOAR considered October 2010 submissions, and the West did not issue an LOI that month. All the items were either reblazons or pended from previous LOIs.]

In Service,
Owen ap Morgan
Matins Herald


SUBMISSONS – 9 January, XLV (2011)

ITEMS SENT TO LAUREL

Adam de AnsŠtleh - New name and device

Per fess sable and gules, a tree blasted and in chief three mullets of eight points Or.

Submitted as Edom de Ansetl Leah, we found the following problems:

Edom is asserted to be a Scottish form of Adam. However, the submitter's only support for this comes from (1) the web page http://names.whitepages.com/Edom/Yetmgeta, which asserts that "This was frequently used as a given name in medieval Scotland, where it was taken to represent a variant of Adam", and (2) the web page http://www.thinkbabynames.com/meaning/1/Adam, which asserts that Edom is a variant form of Adam without any mention of dates or location of usage. The evidentiary value of these two sources is considerably less than useful.

Neither have we done any better in further research. While Withycombe (s.n. Adam) refers to an Edom o' Gordon from Scotland, no date is given. Black (s.n. Edom) mentions only "the well-known ballad 'Edom o' Gordon". Wikipedia (which can be informative even though not authoritative) at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edom_o_Gordon identifies the ballad as Child #178, Roud #80, and states "The first printing of "Edom o Gordon" was in 1755 by Robert and Andrew Foulis.[2] The story is thought to document a real historical event of 1751 as told in The Diurnall of Occurents (1755), although some of the details are speculative." Reference [2] is to http://www.freeonlinebooks.org/displaybook1.php?id=4822 A Bundle Of Ballads by Henry Morley, which site does not appear to exist. Consequently, we have no convincing evidence of period use of Edom as a given name, in Scotland or elsewhere.

Regarding the locative, the submitter's documentation (from http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Ainsley and http://www.behindthename.com/name/ainsley) shows only that at least one place name derives from the Old English (which the former terms "Olde English") ansetl ("hermitage") + leah ("glade" or "meadow"). By themselves, this is about as useful as the "documentation" for Edom, but at least these pages seem to have stolen from good sources; the entries seem likely to have been cribbed from Reaney & Wilson (s.n. Ainsley) and Ekwall (s.n. Annesley and Ansley). None of these sources claims that any actual place was ever known by the two-word phrase Ansetl Leah.

To top it off, the submitter also requests authenticity for "10th to 12th Century Scots-English", which combination we believe does not exist. We have attempted to render the nearest English name consistent with 10th-12th C usage.

Adam is a Biblical masculine given name which came into common usage in England. Withycombe (s.n. Adam) cites this spelling from the Domesday Book (although this may actually be the genitive Ade), Cur 1187-1212 passim, and later. Searle lists three entries with the header Adam: the first "[x c.] name (in runes) on a coffin lid Dearham Cumb. Stephens iij 420", the second "[c. 1000] abb. Eynsham Birch FM Dugd.", and the third "nomen viri Ellis BC". Reaney & Wilson attest a "Adam Warenarius 1146-53 DC (L)". Based on these, we believe Adam to be a valid masculine given name for English in at least the 11th-12th C.

de AnsŠtleh is an English locative surname. Ekwall (s.n. Ansley) attests (in comparison) "AnsŠtleh c. 972 BCS 1278 (YW)." The use of de to form English locative surnames commenced shortly after the Norman conquest, and was used even in reference to particularly English spellings of the placenames. E.g., Reaney & Wilson attest "Reginald de Aneslega 1176 P (Nt)" (s.n. Annesley), "Turkill de Eardene c1080 OEByn" (s.n. Arden), "Sparhauoc de Ăssefelde c1095 Bury (Sf)" (s.n. Ashfield), and "Walter de Esselega 1162 P (Gl)" (s.n. Ashley). Consequently we believe this to be an authentic locative formation from the time of the Conquest through the 12th C. The cited examples from Reaney & Wilson also demonstrate the structure of the name as a whole.

Regarding the device:

For some time now, we have been warning people to make sure forms are printed full-size. These were not.

For some time now, we have been warning people that color copying/printing is NOT reliable, and used at your own risk. The color copying/printing used on these forms had already degraded when Matins opened the envelope; the "sable" in particular was at best marginally recognizable, having turned purple-brown.

To repeat: The color didn't survive being mailed to kingdom. THIS is why we advise against it so strongly.

Fortunately for the submitter, we had enough people at the meeting with artistic ability that we were able to redo the forms for him. Laurel has recently announced that any redrawing done at kingdom must be noted on the LOI and have the consent of the submitter; we obtained that consent by e-mail, which we hope is sufficient.



Ana Maria de Acosta - New name and device
Sable, a goblet and on a chief Or, three pomegranates slipped and leaved gules.

Submitted as Ana Maria De Acosta, the submitter's documentation shows de. Accordingly, we have made the substitution.

Ana is a Spanish feminine given name. The article "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith, julias@alumni.pitt.edu) at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/isabella/WomenFullNames.html attests multiple instances of this spelling "from the Account Books of Isabel la Catolica (1477-1504, mostly 1483-1504)".

Maria is a Spanish feminine given name. "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" (supra) attests multiple instances of this spelling from the same source as for Ana.

de Acosta is a Spanish surname. "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" (supra) attests a MarÝa de Acosta from the same source as the other elements.

While the documentation does not show any instances of double given names, we believe that such are unremarkable in Spanish.



Francesca Maria Lucretia Saracini - New name and device
Per bend sinister sable and gules, a heron contourny argent and three roses in bend sinister Or.

Francesca is an Italian feminine given name. The article "Italian Renaissance Women's Names" by Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale (Jo Lori Drake) at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/italian.html attests this spelling from 14th-15th C Florence.

Maria is an Italian feminine given name. The article "Italian Renaissance Women's Names" (supra) attests this spelling from 14th-15th C Florence.

Lucretia is an Italian feminine given name. Academy of Saint Gabriel report #3314 at http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?3314+0 attests this spelling as one used in a letter written by Lucrezia dei Medici in 1458, citing the source as "Lucrezia Tornabuoni _Lettere_, a cura di Patrizia Salvadori, Firenze, Leo S. Olschki, Editore, MCMXCIII."

Saracini is an Italian surname. The article "Family Names Appearing in the Catasto of 1427" by Ferrante LaVolpe at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/family_names.html attests two instances of this spelling from the 1427 census of Florence.

We are uncertain of the exact status of the use of three given names in Italian, but believe it to be no worse than a "step from period practice" (SFPP).



Galen the Patient - New name and device
Azure, two chevronels couched from sinister argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name and cares most about spelling, which is relevant to the discussion of the byname.

Galen is the name by which a famous doctor of the Classical era was known, as well as an English masculine given name from 1619. In registering Galen of Black Diamond in Apr. 1996 (A-Atlantia), the LOAR stated:

The medical writings of Claudius Galenus, better known as Galen, were known in the Middle Ages, and there are a few examples of English use of Classical names c. 1200, so we are giving the name the benefit of the doubt.
In registering Galen MacKintoch in Nov. 2007 (A-Atenveldt), the LOAR stated:
Galen had previously been registerable in English and Scots as a literary name. However, this submitter was able to document the name in use in England in our gray area:

There is a Galen Browne who was a late period physician; he practiced medicine in English [sic] 1619-1639

(<http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=17273&strquery=Galen>).

the Patient is an English descriptive byname. The COED gives the first definition of patient as "Bearing or enduring (pain, affliction, trouble, or evil of any kind) with composure, without discontent or complaint; having the quality or capacity of so bearing; exercising or possessing patience." Under this definition it cites the spelling pacient as early as 1370, while the modern, submitted spelling does not appear until 1596 in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice. The earliest citation I have found of the modern spelling in reference to a personality trait is in 1590 from Spenser's Faerie Queen.

While we have not found Patient (in any spelling) attested as a name, it seems consistent with other bynames describing temperament or personality. E.g., Reaney and Wilson attest:
"Henry Bolde, le Bolde 1317 AssK, 1327 SRSx" (s.n. Bold) from ME bold 'stout-hearted, courageous'
"Robert le Costent 1194, 1197 P (L), le Constent' ib." (s.n. Constant) as "Probably from OFr constant, Lat constans 'steadfast, resolute'"
"Osward le Gay 1176 P (Sr)" (s.n. Gay) from ME gai(e), OFr gai 'full of joy, lighthearted'
"Robert Joyfull 1486 FrY" (s.n. Joyful) from ME joiful 'gay'
"Peter Pece 1302 SRY" (s.n. Pace) from ME pais, pes(e), OFr pais, Lat pax 'peace, concord, amity'
"Richard le Stille 1275 SRWo" (s.n. Still) from OE stille 'still, quiet'
"Henry le Trewe 1327 AD i (W)" (s.n. True) from OE tr?owe, ME trew(e), trow(e) 'faithful, loyal, trustworthy'.

At worst the submitted the Patient should be acceptable as a Lingua Anglica version of the plausible period byname le Pacient. Many of the Reaney & Wilson citations also illustrate the pattern of the name as a whole.

The device forms were printed too small and lacked an artist's signature. Each of these is grounds for return at the Laurel level. Fortunately, the forms could easily be redone at kingdom and the submitter's consent was obtained by e-mail.



Jonathan Chance - Device resub to kingdom (Feb. 2011)
Quarterly sable and gules, a cross and in canton a death's head argent.

A submission with the same blazon was returned last month because (1) the submitter hadn't paid for it, and (2) there were artistic issues (a too-skinny cross and forms originally done in crayon.) Payment has been received, and the forms were redone at kingdom with the submitter's consent obtained by e-mail.

In private communication, the submitter claimed the use of crayon was suggested to him. Possibly this was a misunderstanding and the actual suggestion was to use Crayola, meaning the felt-tip markers but capable of misinterpretation. Consulting heralds are cautioned to specify felt-tip markers when advising clients how to color armory submissions.



Judith Greanwood - Badge resub to kingdom (Mar. 2009)
(Fieldless) Three estoiles conjoined at the points, one and two, argent.

The previous version did not have the estoiles conjoined. All elements of a fieldless badge must be conjoined unless they are part of a single, named charge that happens to be composed of separated pieces (e.g., an ermine spot is OK for use in a fieldless badge.)

While it would be nice to think that the submitter was in careful compliance with kingdom requirements by sending in three "colored" copies and an (identical) "uncolored" line outline copy, I have to wonder whether this is another case of reading the erroneous number of copies printed on the submission form.



Katherine Robinson - New name and device
Argent, a bend sinister between two triquetras purpure.

Client requests authenticity for English language and/or culture.

Katherine is an English feminine given name. Reaney & Wilson attest:
"Katherine la Curzoun 1316 FFEss" (s.n. Curzon)
"Katherine Batherst 1392 CtH" (s.n. Bathurst)
"Katherine Wenborn 1510 Ct" (s.n. Wenborn)
"Katherine Cheperfeld 1516 ... FFEss" (s.n. Chipperfield)
"Katherine Elshenour 1597 [Black]" (s.n. Elesender)

Robinson is an English surname. The article "Surnames in 15th Century York" by Karen Larsdatter (Karen Harris) at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/york15/surnames-alphabetical.htm attests the submitted spelling. In late period it would be an inherited surname rather than a patronymic.



Kolbeinn ŮorgrÝmsson - New name (see Returns for device)

Submitted as Kolbeinn Ůorgrimson (or Torgrimson), we have not found support for the use of an unmarked genitive in the Old Norse period or in combination with the initial thorn. In e-mail correspondence the submitter has expressed a preference for the spelling submitted here.

Kolbeinn is an Old Norse masculine given name. Geirr Bassi (p.12) attests this as having been used by nine individuals in the Landnßmabˇk.

ŮorgrÝmsson is an Old Norse patronymic byname. Geirr Bassi (p.16) attests ŮorgrÝmr as an Old Norse masculine given name used by 41 individuals in the Landnßmabˇk. Geirr Bassi (p.17) further gives the example of the given name GrÝmr forming the genitive GrÝms and thus the masculine patronymic GrÝmsson, from which we conclude that ŮorgrÝmsson is the correct masculine patronymic formation from ŮorgrÝmr.



Lilla Št Sceaphylle - Name and device resub to kingdom (May 2009)
Argent, on a lozenge quarterly azure and vert, a rose argent.

The submitter claims that the previous version was Lilla Št Sceaphyll, but the minutes of the May 2009 kingdom meeting record the return of Lillia of Sheep Rock, presumably the same person as this submitter since the same device accompanied it as does this submission. I have, however, been unable to locate the submission file. The stated reason for return was "differences in the name on the forms", which may explain the discrepancy above.

Lilla is a masculine Anglo-Saxon given name. (The submitter, who is female, is aware of the gender mismatch and doesn't care.) The online Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England database at http://eagle.cch.kcl.ac.uk:8080/pase/persons/index.html attests a single individual by this name, mentioned in Bede (although perhaps not by name) and in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (apparently by the submitted spelling.)

Št Sceaphylle is an Old English locative byname formed from a constructed place name sc?ap 'sheep' + hylle 'hill'.
Under the header sc?ap, Ekwall says that it "is a common first el. of pl. ns. ... ." Ekwall further attests "Sceaptun" 1005 KCD 714 as a form of "Shipton on Cherwell" (s.n. Shipton Gorge) and "Sceapig" 832, 855 ASC (s.n. Sheppey, Isle of), both showing the submitted spelling of the element.
Under the header hyll, Ekwall says that it "is common alone and as a first and second el. of pl. ns." and that "[a]s a second el. it varies a good deal ... ." Ekwall attests the single-element name Hylle from 1194 P, c 1050 KCD 923, and DB (all s.n. Hill End) and from 1033 KCD 750 (s.n. Hull, Bishops), which should make -hylle plausible as a second element and thus justify the submitted combination Sceaphylle.

Regarding the formation of Old English locatives, Academy of Saint Gabriel report #2990 at http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2990+0 states that

The usual Old English locative byname has a locative preposition followed by the place-name in the dative case. The most common prepositions in the evidence we've examined are <on> and <Št>. The notation Š used here represents an a-e ligature, which looks like the letters a and e pushed together. In an Anglo-Saxon charter dating 983x985, we found examples of locative bynames borne by men whose names are of Scandinavian origin [11]:
Fastulf Št Finnesthorpe
Osgode on Badingtune
Steigncytel Št Lullingtune
Sumerlyda Št Stoce
Ůurwold on Macusige

Reference [11] is to Charter S1448a: S 1448a: A.D. 983 x 985. List of sureties for estates of Peterborough Abbey, relating to land. (WWW: Anglo-Saxons.net). http://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=get&type=charter&id=1448a

Proceeding on the supposition that the dative form of hyll is hylle, regarding which I have no specific knowledge, this should mean that the submitted locative is correctly formed and that the name as a whole is plausibly authentic Anglo-Saxon. I trust that if the supposition is incorrect, those better informed will provide the necessary information to correct it.

The armory, as noted previously, is the same design as submitted before by Lilla/Lillia; the sole reason for return was the inability to send the device on without a name. The forms submitted this time, however, were printed too small and included a grayscale version of the colored form rather than a proper line outline. Fortunately, we had people at the meeting willing to redo the forms correctly; the submitter consented to the redrawing via e-mail, although expressing a desire to see a scan of the result (which has been sent.)



Mikael auraprestr - New name change and device change
Per pale vert and argent, three towers counterchanged.

The submitter's current name Juan Miguel Esteban Alfredo de Valencia (registered in Apr. 1991) and device Per fess Or and vert, a falcon's head erased to sinister sable and a triple-towered castle argent. (registered in Apr. 1988 under the name Erich Wilhelm von Falkenheim) are to be retained as an alternate name and badge respectively.

Mikael is an Old Norse masculine given name. Geirr Bassi (p.13) attests this spelling as a name of Christian origin.

auraprestr is an Old Norse byname. Geirr Bassi (p.19) attests this spelling as meaning 'silver-priest'.

This is not in conflict with the device of Johann Berndt (Jun 1994 Drachenwald) "Per pale vert and argent, a pine tree couped and in chief two towers counterchanged." A scan of the Laurel file copy of Johann's emblazon (shown here) clearly indicates that his tree is correctly blazoned as the sole primary, with the towers in chief secondary.



Vincenzo Saracini - New name and device
Per pale sable and vert, a duck naiant contourny and a bordure Or.

Vincenzo is an Italian masculine given name. The article "Italian Names from Florance, 1427" by Ferrante LaVolpe at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/names.txt attests five instances of this spelling from the 1427 census of Florence.

Saracini is an Italian surname. The article "Family Names Appearing in the Catasto of 1427" by Ferrante LaVolpe at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/family_names.html attests two instances of this spelling from the 1427 census of Florence.



ITEMS RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK

Kolbeinn ŮorgrÝmsson - New device

Per saltire azure and gules, a snake coiled argent within a bordure Or.

Unfortunately, this conflicts with the badge of James NicEdom (Feb 90 An Tir) Azure, a cobra affronty argent within a bordure Or. As seen in the scan from the Laurel files shown here, James' cobra is also coiled. The only differences between the two designs are the field and the direction the head is looking, and the latter is not considered significant enough to count towards difference.



Liam MacCallum - New name and device
Argent, a lion contourny and in chief three roses gules, slipped and leaved vert.

Liam is presented as the submitter's legal given name. The Legal Name Allowance is the only way to get this given name:

[O]ur best evidence suggests that Liam, is a postşperiod diminutive [and so] cannot be registered[.]
- July 1997 LOAR, A-Atenveldt, William MacAndro
In order to use the Legal Name Allowance, however, we need either a photocopy of legal identification showing the name or a statement from a senior herald attesting to the content of such a document. Neither was provided. In addition, the use of the Legal Name Allowance constitutes a "step from period practice" (SFPP); more than one of those in a name is grounds for return.

MacCallum is a Scottish surname. It is the registered surname of the submitter's mother (Micheila MacCallum, registered Oct. 1989) and is documented within our gray area in Black (s.n. MacCallum) in the form of the scribal abbreviation M'Callum:

Iain M'Callum vc Raldounoch was one of those murdered at Dunverty, 1647 (HP., II, p. 257)[.]
While I had been concerned that gray area documentation and the use of the Grandfather Clause might each be considered a SFPP, making this name impossible to register, I have found no precedent to that effect in either case and a senior member of the SCA College of Arms has claimed no knowledge of anyone even claiming it might be in the case of gray area documentation. Consequently, the only thing holding this name back from submission is the lack of adequate documentation of the legal given name.

The device was submitted on vastly outdated forms, which were also printed too small. Either of these factors is cause for return, but could have been corrected by redrawing. More seriously, however, the design is also in conflict with the registered device of Ragnarr GrßsÝ­a (Jan. 1999 Middle) Argent, a natural tiger rampant contourny sable striped argent, in chief three roses sable. For conflict purposes the only countable difference is the tincture of the roses; type of feline and the artistic detail of the stripes on the tiger are expressly not enough to count. Consequently this will need to be redesigned.

The minimal change which would avoid the conflict with Ragnarr would be adding a fourth rose in chief. On initial inspection this does not appear to introduce any new conflict - but that's by no means guaranteed.



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