Minutes of the August, 2009 Heralds Meeting

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The meeting was held on Sunday, 23 April 2009, at the home of Eilis in Berkeley, CA. The meeting started at 12:21 pm and ended at 3:15 pm. In attendance at this meeting were: Eilis O'Boirne, Vesper; Owen ap Morgan, Latimer; Elysant atten Oke, Sable Swan; Vigdís vestfirzka, Compline; Moira O’Connor, Greencloak; Na’arah bt Avraham, Banner; Jared of Castlewood, Pinnacle; Maxen Dawel ap Morgan, Richard Stewart, Pursuivants; Ghislaine d’Auxerre guest; and Astrið of Swansvale, Matins.

The meeting schedule in 2009 is September 20, October 18, November 15, and January 10, 2010. There will be no meeting in December, 2009. Meetings start at noon, unless otherwise announced.

In general, meetings will be held at Eilis’ house (2322 Russell Street, Berkeley CA 94705; 510-486-0633 -- call for directions). “Road show” meetings will be announced well in advance.

Anyone who is bringing a walk-in submission should contact Matins in advance, no later than the Monday before the meeting. This is especially important if the submitter has previous submissions, since the files are stored in a remote location. If you are bringing the paperwork for a submission to a meeting, please plan to arrive by 11:00 am to allow the file to be set up.

We are researching some of the name submissions beforehand through an email list, wknames@yahoogroups.com. This list is open by request to heralds in the West Kingdom who are interested in onomastic (name) research. To join the list, please subscribe at wknames-subscribe@yahoogroups.com.



Eilis, Vesper- No report

Moira, Green Cloak Herald- Purgatorio went well, with lots of heraldic help. October Crown is approaching. Please come and share your voice.

Nara’ah, Banner- No report

Wilhelm, Baldric- No report

Astrith, Matins – All LoIs have been posted. Working on minutes backlog

Owen, Latimer- Consultation at June Crown. Will need help in the future in take-down as well as putting up. Need to have help in take-down as well as set-up. Looking for people who are willing to make commitment to help with consultation table on a regular basis.

Gwenhwyfaer, Brachet- Meetings have been held regularly. Looking for more volunteers and is prepared to train.

Hirsch, Golem- No report.

Gillian, Seawolf- No report.

Elysant, Sable Swan - No event to report.

Isabel, Stellanordica- No report.

Thanks to Isabella de la Haye for her service! Clare Elena de Montfort is new Stellanordica. – welcome!


From Matins Herald: Please note that the "line drawing" requirement for device submissions does NOT mean a b/w photocopy of the color form.

For name submissions, we need two copies of all name forms and all documentation source printouts and/or photocopies. For device and badge submissions, we need four colored copies plus an uncolored line outline. Please use colored felt tip markers. Please do not use colored pencil, pastel colors, crayons, color printers or color copiers. The artist's signature is required, but the submitter's signature is not required. If you are using restricted or non-standard elements or any other supplemental matters, we need two copies of your supplemental paperwork.

Please make sure that all submitters print their e-mail addresses clearly. A single mistaken letter makes the e-mail address useless.

We will continue to hold voice heraldry training sessions at the beginning of events to encourage involvement at the event.

KWHSS 2009 will be held in The Barony of the Lonely Tower in the Kingdom of Calontir September 4-7, 2009. This is Omaha, Nebraska.

November 14 (Heraldic Collegium).

SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS: SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS: Submission fees are $6 per name, $6 per device, $6 per badge - and a name and device registered at the same time will cost $10 instead of $12. There is no fee for resubmission of a returned item. Submissions require 2 copies of the name packet (form and documentation), 3 colored copies and 1 line drawing of the full size device form, and 3 colored copies and 1 line drawing of the badge form, as applicable. Required documentation includes printouts of any web pages cited – including reports from the Academy of Saint Gabriel – as well as copies of the title page and cited pages from any books that are not standard heraldic references. The submission forms for the West Kingdom College are now available from Matins or the Kingdom consultation table or by following this link: http://heralds.westkingdom.org/Register.htm#Forms. Completed forms should be sent to Matins Herald (c/o Gretchen Lebednik / 2322 Russell St / Berkeley CA 94705).

MAILING LIST: The West Kingdom College of Heralds has a mailing list for internal communication. Any herald is welcome to join by request. To join the list, please subscribe at wkheralds-subscribe@yahoogroups.com.

ELECTRONIC RESOURCES: Many interesting heraldic links can be found through the SCA Heraldry web page at http://www.sca.org/heraldry, including the Laurel home page, the on-line Armorial and Ordinary (with search capabilities) and The Academy of St. Gabriel (an onomastic and heraldic consultation service). The West Kingdom Heraldry site and the West Kingdom Awards List can be accessed through the West Kingdom site, http://www.westkingdom.org. Heraldic queries may also be addressed to Eilis and Vigdís at heralds@westkingdom.org -- answers may take a few days.

West Kingdom College of Heralds Minutes are published on the web. They may be read at or printed from the heralds' website at http://heralds.westkingdom.org/Minutes.htm. There is a colored version and a printer-friendly black and white version available.

These meetings comment on heraldic submissions from other Kingdoms. The meetings are held on the second and fourth Mondays of each month at 7:00 pm at 4317 Alderwood Way, Sacramento, CA 95864. Call Gwenhwyfaer ferch Gwilym for more information, (916) 323-4268 or email her, .

These meetings comment on heraldic submissions from other Kingdoms. Please consider attending – you do not have to be able to attend every week. They are a fast way to learn how the Rules of Submission work and how to research armory. The Brachet meetings are in Berkeley on Wednesday nights. If you are interested, contact the Matins Herald, Astrith of Swansvale (Gretchen Lebednik) at or Eilis at 510-486-0633.


The cover letters, acceptances and returns for the past can be found at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/. If you are interested in responding to some of the calls for commentary put out by the Laurel Queen of Arms, please be sure to visit the site.

March LoAR – Administrative Changes
A submission this month (Award of Arielle, Atlantia-A) raised the issue of branches registering order names which use an element from an individual's registered society name when precedent or the rules has declared that element to be unregisterable. The commentary was in favor of extending Rules for Submissions II.5 Registered Names to allow branches to invoke the grandfather clause in these cases. Given the favorable commentary, we have adopted this change to the rules, allowing us to register the submission in question. We are, however, soliciting the College's commentary on the proposed wording of the rules change. Currently RfS II.5 Registered Names reads:

Once a name has been registered to an individual or group, the College of Arms may permit that particular individual or group to register elements of that name again, even if it is no longer permissible under the rules in effect at the time the later submission is made. This permission may be extended to close relatives of the submitter if the College of Arms deems it appropriate.

From Wreath: Charges within Annulets
On the November 24 LoPaD, we pended a device using a charge within an annulet which was not the central design in the device. Several questions were asked at that time, and the College has answered.

A widget within an annulet will continue to be considered a primary widget and a secondary annulet, or a primary annulet and secondary widget, when those charges are the only charges on the field. Which of the two charges is primary depends, as always, on the emblazon.

When both are present in a design as part of a primary charge group, or where they would be expected to be a secondary charge, the widget and annulet will both be considered part of the same group.

These answers do not depend on the types of charges in question.

Heralds should note that using a widget within an annulet is not a step from period practice. Multiple instances of items within a single or multiple concentric annulets appear in Stemmario Trivulziano (plates 178, 194, 225, and 352), Siebmacher (plates 63, 152, and 156), Humphrey-Smith's Anglo-Norman Armory Two (page 335), and other heraldic references.

APRIL LoAR – Administrative
From Pelican: On Gruffudd, Welsh Names for Children

The revised version of Appendix H of the Administrative Handbook omits a few sources that were previously on the list of books which do not require photocopies to Laurel. One such book is Gruffudd, Welsh Names for Children. This book is about modern names and provides only modern forms, even of names which are dated to our period. At one time, this book was one of the best references we had for Welsh given names, but this is no longer the case. Because the forms given in Gruffudd are explicitly modern, it is no longer acceptable as sole documentation for Welsh names.

West –– MARCH 2009

Aurelia de Montfort. Name and device. Or, a brock rampant sable and a chief urdy purpure.

This is clear of the device of Sengeli von Zauberberg, Or, a brown woodchuck rampant proper, reblazoned elsewhere in this letter. There is a CD for the change of tincture of the beast and a CD for the addition of the chief.

Céline Angeli de Moneta. Device. Sable, four swords in cross conjoined at the pommels argent within a bordure Or.

Diane Daunt. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Diane the Dauntless, the earliest citation for any form of dauntless that the commenters could find was from 1593, where it was used in reference to a person's mental capacity: "Let thy dauntlesse minde still ride in triumph" (Shakespeare's Henry VI, part 3). While the word is period, no evidence was provided, and none could be found, that it was used to describe people in our period. In the past, we have required that abstract descriptive words, such as Dauntless, be used as common terms applied to people in our period in order for them to be registerable as descriptive bynames:
Over the last few years, there have been several rulings regarding abstract descriptive bynames, including:
[returning the nickname the Arronious] Period nicknames tend to be straightforward and to use common words: Thynnewyt "thin [of] wit, stupid", le Wis "the wise", Badinteheved "bad in the head", le Wilfulle, le Proude "the proud", le Hardy "the courageous", le Sour, le Cursede, le Deuyle "the devil", Blaksoule "black-soul". The learned erroneous simply doesn't belong in this company. Although the adjective in question is not a past participle, we do not consider this case to be significantly different from those of Adam the Unexpected (East, returned 2/96) and Deirdre the Distracted (Ansteorra, returned 4/94), whose bynames were returned partly for being too abstract. Similarly, erroneous is too far from the common tongue to be at all believable as a period byname. (Aurelius the Arronious of Bikeleswade, 10/96 p. 8)
Given this ruling, the byname the Oblivious is unregisterable if oblivious is "too far from the common tongue to be at all believable as a period byname"...Oblivious is an abstract term of the same type as forgetful, erroneous, et cetera, which have been ruled to be "too far from the common tongue to be at all believable as a period byname". Lacking evidence that oblivious was a common term applied to people in period, this byname is not registerable. [Hannibal the Oblivious, 12/2003, R-Calontir]
It was proposed that Dauntless could be documented as a constructed byname following the examples of Earles 1295 'earless'; Kareles 1260 'free from care, careless'; Frendles 1246, Frendeless 1525 'friendless'; Loveles 1251, Lufelesse 1444 'without love, loveless'; Pereles 1377 'without peer or equal'; Peniles 1332 'pennyless'; Recheles 1273, Reklesse 1477 'reckless, negligent'; Sorweles 1226, Soroweles 1379 'free from sorrow'; and Wytles 1327 'witless, foolish', all found in Reaney & Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames (s.nn. Arliss, Carless, Friendless, Lovelace, Peerless, Penniless, Reckless, Sorrowless, and Witless, respectively). However, in each of these examples, the pattern is <noun> + -less where the noun is either a physical object or a relatively concrete emotional or mental trait. Reaney & Wilson s.n. Daunt date Daunte to 1229 and 1290, and Daunt to 1379, from Middle English daunten 'to subdue, intimidate, tame, soothe'. While the derivative noun daunt, meaning 'the act of daunting; dispiriting; indimidation', dates to c.1400, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, this is not analogous to the straightforward and relatively concrete examples from Reaney & Wilson. Thus, we cannot justify Dauntless as a constructed byname either.

As the submitter allows all changes, we have changed the name to Diane Daunt_ in order to register it.

Drogo the quiet. Name and device. Per pale argent and vert, a bend sinister between two mullets of four points counterchanged.

Listed on the LoI as Drogo the Quiet, the forms show that the name was originally submitted as Drogo the quiet. No mention of the change from Quiet to quiet was made on the LoI; we remind submissions heralds that failure to note changes, and to give the reasons for those changes, is grounds for pend or return. In this case, since the name is registerable as originally submitted, we have changed the name back to Drogo the quiet.

The byname the quiet is a lingua anglica rendering of Middle English le coi.

This device is clear of that of Alexe de la Larme, Per pale argent and vert, a bend between two gouttes, all counterchanged. There is X.2. (substantial) difference between a bend and a bend sinister.

Gerald Litle. Name.

Submitted as Gerald the Tiny, no documentation was provided for the byname the Tiny. While the word tiny was used in our period, the earliest examples that could be found of the word being used to describe people all date from well after 1650. Lacking evidence that this word was used to describe people in our period, the Tiny is not registerable.

Latimer provides information about period English bynames with similar meaning:

Reaney & Wilson cite various period epithets relating to small stature: <Small> from 1360 (p.414 s.n. Smale), <Litle> from c1095 (p.281 s.n. Little), <Lesse> from 1276 (p.272 s.n. Lass, though it is noted that this might derive from 'younger' rather than 'smaller'), <le Dwarew> from 1249 (p.147 s.n. Dwarf), <le Petit> from 1228 (p.348 s.n. Pettit; see also Petty).
The submitter allows all changes and has no preferences. Of the examples provided by Latimer, Litle is the most similar in meaning to the Tiny, so we have changed the name to Gerald Litle in order to register it.

Glenna Colquhoun. Name.

There was some question whether Colquhoun is a period form of the byname. The Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue dates Johne Colquhoun to 1617 s.v. wil and Johnne Colquhoun to 1605 s.v. persew. Colquhoun is thus registerable as a grey area spelling.

Glenna is the submitter's legal given name.

Hr{oe}rekr í Skaginum. Name and device. Or, two bulls courant respectant within a bordure gules.

Submitted as Roric_Skaghen, the submitter requested authenticity for 9th C Norse and cared most about the sound of the name. Both elements were documented from late-period Danish contexts, so as submitted the name was not authentic for his desired period and language.

Some form of the given name Roric is appropriate for the 9th C. The Annales Vedastini, written in Latin in the early 10th C, mention Roricus Danus in an entry for 882 and Hroricus Danus in an entry for 884; Roric died in the mid-870s. The normalized Old Norse form of the name appropriate for the 9th C is Hr{oe}rekr.

The byname Skaghen is derived from the place name Skagen, the northernmost town in Denmark. Fause Losenge provides information about possible earlier forms of the byname:

[<Skagen>] takes its name from the surrounding region, which is a long, narrow point of land (called 'the Skaw' in English) projecting into strait that separates Denmark from Norway and Sweden. It would be very surprising if this name weren't related to ON <skagi> 'a low cape or ness', which figures in a number of place-names in Norway (NSL s.v. <skage>, s.n. <Skage>) and Iceland (CV s.v. <skagi>). In fact, I shouldn't be surprised if it were originally <skaginn> 'the point', with the definite article. The question is whether a locative byname derived from such a place-name is reasonable for the 9th c.

Offhand I don't see any serious objection. Landnámabók mentions a <Þorbjo,rn skagi>, whose byname is probably locative in origin, and it has names like <Þorðr í Álfsnesi> and <Þjóstarr á Álftanesi<, with locative bynames based on place-names with the generic <nes> 'a ness, a headland'. A single farm on a small, low ness might well have come to be known as <Skaginn> 'the low ness'. I've no really early example of this specific name, but there are Norwegian examples from the late 14th c. in Biskup Eysteins Jordebog (the Red Book; citations from it are indicated by 'RB' in O. Rygh's Norske Gaardnavne), a transcription of which is available online at <http://da2.uib.no/cgi-win/WebBok.exe?slag=lesbok&bokid=biskop>. On p.55 of the transcription, for instance, we find <J Skaghanom j Yxnøy>; on p.498, <J Skaghanom>; and on p.507, <j Skaghanum>. All of these are clearly late ONorw. spellings of normalized ON <í Skaginum> 'at the Point'.

We have changed the name to Hr{oe}rekr í Skaginum in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.

Olivia Bunny. Device. Or, a brown rabbit salient proper, a bordure vert semy of cinquefoils Or. Nice cant.

Peregrine Gray. Name and device. Per pale indented bendy barry Or and azure and gules.

Rebecca Bengrek. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Reinold Haldane. Name and device. Per chevron argent and sable, in base a stag's massacre Or.

This is clear of the badge of Chidiock the Younger, (Fieldless) A bison's massacre Or. There is a CD for the difference between a fielded and a fieldless design, and a CD for the significant difference between a stag's massacre/attires and a bison's massacre.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the per chevron line steeper, so it rises further above the per fess line.

Safiyya bint Bulus al-Mariyya. Name.

Submitted as Safiyya bint Bulus al-Mariyyah, this used both -a and -ah to transliterate the same Arabic vowel. For registration we require that a single transcription system be used throughout the name, so we have changed the name to Safiyya bint Bulus al-Mariyya in order to register it. We note that Safiyyah bint Bulus al-Mariyyah would also be registerable.

Séamus of Silver Desert. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Quarterly vert and azure, a bear's head cabossed Or.

Submitted under the name Séamus Don.

Sighfridh hauknefr. Name.

This combines Old Swedish with Old Norse, which is one step from period practice. A wholly Old Norse form of the name would be Sigfrøðr hauknefr.

Üta Kathrina Felhamer. Name.

The submitter requested authenticity for 16th C Germany, but did not allow major changes. As submitted, the name is not authentic; the given name Üta was documented to 1275, and the latest form of this name that we could find, Ute, is dated to 1352 in Talan Gwynek, "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia". Both Kathrina and Felhamer are found in Bavaria at the very end of the 15th century, so Kathrina Felhamer is an authentic German name for her period. But we cannot change the name to Kathrina Felhamer, as dropping Üta is a major change.


Diane Daunt. Device. Per fess argent and Or, a garden rosebud gules slipped and leaved and a lizard tergiant vert.

This device is returned for the use of a garden rosebud, which has not been registerable since November 1994:
Commentary was nearly as strong in favor of banning garden rosebuds from armory. Consequently, we will accept whatever garden rosebuds may be in LoIs issued before December 1994, but no further registrations of this charge will be made. (CL 11/94)
A garden rosebud is a garden rose with the petals closed, which describes the charge in chief.

Isolte le Quite. Device. Quarterly azure and sable, in bend two hummingbirds displayed argent.

This device is returned for having two steps from period practice. Precedents say:
The use of a hummingbird is a step from period practice. The Rules for Submission (RfS) section VII.4, as published on the June 2007 Cover Letter, state:

The use of flora and fauna native to the New World, Africa, Asia, and other non-European locales will be registerable if it is reasonable to believe that Europeans knew them in period. Their use will be considered a step from period practice, unless they were used as charges in period heraldry, including crests and badges, in which case their use is not a weirdness.

Commenters provided sufficient evidence that, while native to the Americas, the hummingbird was known to Europeans in period. Thus, a hummingbird may be registered but its use is considered a step from period practice. [Isabel Ximena Galiano de Valera, 2007-12, R-Middle]

Additionally any bird other than an eagle in a displayed posture will be considered a ... [step from standard period practice]. [Cover Letter to the November 2003 LoAR]
Therefore, hummingbirds displayed are two steps from period practice.

Joan Winter. Name change from Joan la Harper.

Conflict with Johanna Wynter. Both Joan and Johanna are variants of the same name in English, and RfS V.1.a says "Variant spellings of the same word or name, no matter how radical, are not considered significantly different unless there is also a significant difference in pronunciation." There is not a significant difference in pronunciation between Joan and Johanna.

Rebecca Bengrek. Device. Purpure, three triangles conjoined one and two Or, on a chief argent four hearts gules.

This device is returned for being obtrusively modern, in violation of Section VIII.4.b of the Rules for Submission. This rule says "Overt allusions to modern insignia, trademarks, or common designs may not be registered." Everyone who had any familiarity with the Nintendo Zelda series of games immediately thought of the games when shown this armory. In addition to the use of the "golden triforce", a sacred relic which continually appears throughout the series, the hearts on the chief are overwhelmingly reminiscent of the way that the games keep track of the character's health.

The overt allusion is caused by the combination of the two motifs. The use of three triangles conjoined one and two Or is explicitly registerable by precedent:

One commenter noted that [three triangles conjoined one and two Or] was frequently found as an item of insignia in artwork associated with some Nintendo games, including the Zelda series of games. However, the symbol is not copyrighted in the USA, and we have received no information that the symbol is copyrighted elsewhere. As a result, it need not be protected against conflict. [Paul O'Flaherty, 07-2003, A-Atenveldt]

Séamus Don. Name.

Conflict with Seamus Donn.

His device is registered under the holding name Séamus of Silver Desert.

West –– APRIL 2009

Rian O Brogan. Name change from holding name Rian of Fettburg.

Listed on the LoI as Rian Ó Brógáin, the name was originally submitted as Rian O Brogan. Neither the fact that the name was changed nor the reason for the change was given on the LoI. In accordance with the ruling on the June 2008 Cover Letter (see "From Pelican: On Changes Made to Names in Kingdom"), the name was pended to allow Matins to provide the missing information.

Unfortunately, this information was never received. We must stress again how important it is that the full submission history be summarized on the LoI: If a name is changed, the College needs to know both the original form of the name and the reason for the change. This is because sometimes the reason for the change was incorrect, or the College with their additional resources can provide documentation not available in internal commentary.

The submitter requested authenticity for Irish culture, with no time period given. The originally submitted form was authentic for Irish culture, as it is a plausible 16th C Anglicized Irish name. Because the originally submitted form satisfies the submitter's request for authenticity, we have restored the name to Rian O Brogan.



In Service,

Astrith of Swansvale
Matins Herald

SUBMISSONS – 23 August, XLIV (2009)


Anne of Cloondara – New Device (Resubmission at Kingdom)

A bee proper and a chief Or
Name registered August 2008.

Anne of Vinhold -- New Name

Pended from April until check found.

Anne: Late Sixteenth Century Women's Names, Women's Names listed by frequency. [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16.eng16ffreq.html]

Anne is listed 72 times.

Also Talen Gwyneck's Feminine Given Names in a Dictionary of English Surnames, Part 2. [http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyAG.html] under header Ann: Anne* 1327 Dambell.

Vinhold - name of submitter's Branch.

Form is Given Name of Place Name.

Ginna Björnsdottir -- New Name

Ginna from Viking Answer Lady webpage as Old Swedish Ginna, short form of Ginnlaug [http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml].

Academy of St. Gabriel Report dated 12 Jun 2004 [http://www.s-gabriel.org/2814].

The name <Ginna> is a pet form of the feminine name <Ginnlaug>, and appears once in a runic inscription from So"dermanland, Sweden [1, 2, 3, 4]. We also found one instance of the name in a metronymic, <Ginhuson>, in 1324 [5]. This name would be pronounced GIN-n@.

[1] Peterson, Lena, "Nordiskt runnamnslexikon" (WWW: Institute for Dialectology, Onomastics and Folklore Research, 2001) http://www.dal.lu.se/runlex/index.htm S.nn. <Ginna>, <Gynna>. The inscriptions cited are So"196 (Kolsundet, Selao"n, So"dermanland, Sweden, http://w1.581.telia.com/~u58110628/so196kolsund.html) and So"250 (O"smo, Jursta, So"dermanland, Sweden, http://www.nynashamn.se/pagedownload/V%E4lkommen+till+Nyn%E4shamn/Kommunen/Milj%F6-+och+samh%E4llsbyggnad/Fysisk+samh%E4llsplanering/Kulturmilj%F6progra m/Kulturmilj%F6v%E5rd/Jursta.pdf and http://w1.838.telia.com/~u83805616/so250.html).

[2] The etymology of the first element <Ginn-> is uncertain; there are Continental Germanic names in <Gin-> that may contain the same element, and it may actually be related to the Old Norse verb <ginna>, 'to dupe, to fool; to decoy, to entice'.

[3] Morlet, Marie-Therese, _Les Noms de Personne sur le Territoire de l'Ancienne Gaule du VIe au XIIe Siecle_, three volumes (Paris: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1972). S.v.

[4] Cleasby, Richard and Gudbrandr Vigfusson. An Icelandic-English Dictionary. 2nd ed. (Oxford: Clarendon, 1957). P. 200 s.v. <ginna>.

Björnsdottir: Viking Answer Lady web page also cited for this name [http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml]

From OW.Norse björn, which in turn derives from Primitive Scandinavian *bernuR, "bear". An extremely common name in West Scandinavia, originally derived from a by-name meaning "bear." This was a very popular name, as the many runic examples attest: nominative case forms include biairn, biarn, biaurn, biaurn, binrn, biorn, birn, biurn, burn, byorn, byrn; the genitive case forms bianaR, biarnar, biarnaR; the accusative case forms baorn, biaorn, biarn, biern, bihrn, biorn, bira, biur, biurn, biurno, burn, etc. Found in Old Danish as Biorn, in Old Swedish as Biorn and Biørn, and in OW.Norse as Biörn or Björn. Found in Latinized Old Danish as Bero, Berno, Biorno, Biornus. Anglo-Scandinavian forms include Beorn, Biern, Bern, Biorn, Ber. A diminuitive form of Björn is Björsi.

Björnsdottir is found in Geir Bassi as Bjo{,}rnsdóttir. o{,} is an o with a straight vertical line beneath.

Sedania de Corywn – New Name Change (Resubmission at Kingdom)

Old Item: Caithlin de Corwyn, to be retained.

Submitter wishes to change her given name to a 13th century Anglo-Norman name.

Sedania is found in Talen Gwyneck's Feminine Given Names in a Dictionary of English Surnames, Part 2. [http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html] under header Sidony.

Reaney & Wilson (s.n. Sedany) derive the name from the French feminine given name <Sedaine>. The cited spellings appearing as feminine given names are <Sedehanna> 1218-19 and <Sedania>, <Sedaina> 1221.

De Corwyn is grandfathered to the submitter.

Sighfridh hauknefr – New Device (Resubmission at Kingdom)

Gyronny gules and Or, a serpent in annulo, head to base, argent, within a bordure argent.
Name registered in March 2009 LoAR

Sighni Ivarsdotter – New Name Change

Old Item: Guiliana di Benedetto Falconieri, to be released.

Submitter found both Sighne (as Swedish form of Signý and Ivarsdottir at the Viking Answer Lady website [http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml].

She also consulted with Frithiof, who provided documentation from Otterbjörk of Sighni as the Old Swedish form of the modern Signe. He confirmed that Ivar is the Swedish form of Ivarr and that -dotter is the correct form for Swedish. Scans of the title page and relevant name pages from Otterbjörk's Svenska förnamn were included with the submission.

Lind. Column 884 under Signy has Sighni (1378 and 1379) .

Column 661 under Ivarr. Genitive Ivars- dated 1221, 1309, 1329, 1354.

Lind, E. H. Norsk-Isländska Dopnamn ock Fingerade Namn från Medeltiden.

Sophie Xylander – New Name Change & Device Change

Quarterly sable and Or, a cross patonce between four roundels, all counterchanged.
Old Item - Device: Gules, a seal naiant to sinister, its tail reflexed above its head, proper, within a bordure sable fimbriated Or. [Calorminus ursinus]. to be retained as a badge.

Old Item - Name: Sophie Xylander von Augsberg, to be retained.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Submitter is dropping the third and fourth elements of her registered name, registered August 1989, via the West.


Alizan De la Fontaine – New Name Change

Old name: Alison Gray of Owlwood.

Pended for administrative reasons.

Caleb Lineberger -- New Name and New Device

Or, an oak tree sable.
The submitter has submitted his legal name. While you can register one element of your legal name, you cannot register two or more.

Device submission although lovely heraldry, has multiple conflicts:

Brandy of Mirkwood (1971). Azure, a tree issuant from base sable. Only one CD, for the change in tincture of the field.

(Fieldless) a branch of blackthorn sable. Depending on how it is drawn, this could be only one CD, for the absence of a field.

Ginna Bjornsdottir -- New Device

Ermine, a brown bear proper affronte, a bordure counter-ermine.
The submitted blazon has been corrected to match the emblazon.

This is being returned for re-drawing. The ermine spots look like poorly drawn crosses crosslet.

See submissions for name.

Kamiilah al Sudanii -- New Name, New Device

Per chevron inverted argent and gules, a phoenix rising purpure and a scimitar fesswise argent.
We were unable to document the name from standard sources. The device had no conflicts, but is being returned for lack of a registerable name.

Lee O'Shea – New Name (Resubmission at Kingdom)

Vert, a warhammer bendwise and in chief three shamrocks proper.
Lee is not documentable to period as a given name, and the device cannot be registered without a registerable name.

Meryk of Bolthorn -- New Name , New Device, New Badge

Paly of six argent and vert, a bend counterchanged.
New badge joint with Ginna Bjornsdottir: Azure, in fess a decrescent argent and a demi-sun issuant from sinister Or, in dexter base, three mullets argent.

Meurig is documentable for Welsh, but this would be a major change, which the submitter does not allow.

The device and badge are being returned for lack of a name to attach it to.

Sabina de Torino – New Name Change

Old Name: Jadwiga Zawadzka to be retained.

We were unable to find a date for Torina that was within 300 years of the documentation for Sabina.

Suzannah Goodhand -- New Name
Susanna Good Hand

Susann Withycombe. P. 273 under header Susan(nah) dated 1200. Susanna Cur 1200, 1203, 1205, 1213

Goodhand: Reaney and Wilson p. 198 under header Goodhand: Godhand c1095, Goudenhond 1332.

This is being returned for administrative reasons – the forms had different versions of the name.

Ulfar inn Svarti Thoirsson -- Resubmitted Device

Sable, on a saltire argent, three decrescents, two and one, azure.
Conflicts with the registered device for Dianne of the Golden Chalice (08/1979) Sable, on a saltire argent, a chalice Or, enflamed sable. No matter how many changes there are to the tertiary charges (on the saltire), there is only one CD for the changes.

Zelma O’Shea -- Change of Holding Name

We were unable to document Zelma to period.


Academy of St. Gabriel Report dated 12 Jun 2004 [http://www.s-gabriel.org/2814]

Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name.

Late Sixteenth Century Women's Names, Women's Names listed by frequency. [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16.eng16ffreq.html]

Lind, E. H. Norsk-Isländska Dopnamn ock Fingerade Namn från Medeltiden.

Otterbjörk, Roland. 1964, 1970. Svenska förnamn. Stockholm: Kungl. Boktryckeriet P. A. Norstedt & Söner.

Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A dictionary of English surnames.

Talen Gwyneck. Feminine Given Names in a Dictionary of English Surnames, Part 2. [http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyAG.html]

Viking Answer Lady website Old Norse Women's Names [http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml].

Viking Answer Lady website Old Norse Men's Names [http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml].

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