Minutes of the April, 2004 Herald's Meeting

Click here for a Printer Friendly (Black and White) version
Minutes Page
Main Herald's Web Page


*****NEWS***NEWS***NEWS***NEWS***NEWS***NEWS***NEWS***NEWS***NEWS***NEWS*****
Berengaria de Montfort of Carcassonne has been appointed Compline Herald, and will be installed as Vesper Principal Herald at Beltane Coronation. She has requested that all heralds wear silly hats at the May meeting
(in honor of Spring).

*************

MINUTES OF THE MONTHLY MEETING – 11 April xxxviii (2004)

The meeting was held on Sunday, 11 April 2004, at Eilis’ house in Berkeley. The meeting started at 12:05 p.m. and ended at 2:40 p.m. In attendance at this meeting were: Gaius Marcellus Liberius Auklandus, Vesper; Berengaria de Montfort of Carcassonne, Compline and Banner; Frederick of Holland, Brachet; Astrid of Swansvale, Latimer; Wilhelm von Homberg, Seawolf; Antonio Giordano da Sicilia, Sable Swan; Tangwystl verch Morgant Glasvryn, Harpy; Teleri Tawel, Artist and Exchequer for the College; Felix MacAvady, Pursuivant for Saint Katherine; Elinora O’Connor, Acting Glora Fjord Pursuivant; Gwenhwyfaer ferch Gwilym and Maxen ap Morgan, Pursuivants at Large; Geoffrey le Dragon and Neassa mhic Cathasaigh, PEs at Large; Catherine de Gray, Vigdis vestfirzka, Edith de Laufare, and Emma FitzWilliam, cornets; and Eilis O’Boirne, Matins. Kiriana Michaelson, Pursuivant at Large and Cynthia de Greenfield, visitor, stopped in after the meeting on their way home from the Kingdom Officers’ Meeting.

COLLEGE OF HERALDS MEETINGS
The upcoming meetings are: May 9, June 6, July 25, September 12, October 3, and November 21. Note that, due to the peregrinations of Crown, the October meeting has been moved to Crown’s old weekend. There will be no August or December meetings. Meetings are generally held at the home of Eilis O’Boirne, 2322 Russell Street, Berkeley, CA 94705. Call for directions. Meetings start at noon.

Anyone who is bringing a walk-in submission should contact Matins in advance. This is especially important if the submitter has previous submissions, since the files are stored in a remote location. If you are bringing a submission to a meeting, please plan to arrive by 11:00 am to allow the file to be set up.

We are researching some of the name submissions beforehand through an email list, wknames@mailsrv.dis.org. This list is open by request to heralds in the West Kingdom who are interested in onomastic (name) research. To join the list, please contact Felix MacAvady at ha.raschid@sinewave.com.

ANNOUNCEMENTS
HERALDS’ COLLEGIUM: The Fall Heralds’ Collegium is scheduled for November 20, with the meeting on November 21. Thanks to the good offices of Duchess Letitia, former Baldric Pursuivant, it will be held at the Mechanics Bank Operations Center, 725 Alfred Nobel Drive in Hercules (near Pinole and Vallejo) – the same site as last year. The meeting on the following day will be at Eilis’ in Berkeley.

PERSONNEL:

SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS: Submission fees are $8 per name, $8 per device, $8 per badge – and a name and device registered at the same time will cost $15 instead of $16. There is no fee for resubmission of a returned item. Submissions require 3 copies of the name form and documentation, 4 colored copies of the device form, and 3 colored copies of the badge form, as applicable. The submission forms for the West Kingdom College are now available from Matins or the Kingdom consultation table or by following the http://heralds.westkingdom.org/Register.htm#Forms. Completed forms should be sent to Matins at the College address.

MAILING LIST: The West Kingdom College of Heralds has a mailing list for internal communication. Any herald is welcome to join by request. To join the list, please contact Felix MacAvady at ha.raschid@sinewave.com.

ELECTRONIC RESOURCES: Many interesting heraldic links can be found through the SCA Heraldry web page at http://www.sca.org/heraldry, including the Laurel home page, the on-line Armorial and Ordinary (with search capabilities) and The Academy of St. Gabriel (an onomastic and heraldic consultation service). The West Kingdom Heraldry site and the West Kingdom Awards List can be accessed through the West Kingdom site, http://www.westkingdom.org. Heraldic queries may also be addressed to Eilis at heralds@westkingdom.org -- answers may take a few days.

BRACHET MEETINGS
These meetings comment on heraldic submissions from other Kingdoms. Please consider attending – you do not have to be able to attend every week. They are a fast way to learn how the Rules of Submission work and how to research armory. The Brachet meetings are in Berkeley on Wednesday nights. If you are interested, contact the Brachet Herald, Frederick of Holland (Fred Hollander) at 510-653-3652.

HERALDIC PUBLICATIONS
West Kingdom College of Heralds Minutes are published on the web. They may be read at or printed from the heralds’ website at http://heralds.westkingdom.org/Minutes.htm. There is a colored version and a printer-friendly black and white version available.

The latest edition of the Armorial and Ordinary, along with updates for the previous editions, are available from Free Trumpet Press West along with other useful heraldic publications. Write for a free price list. The address is Free Trumpet Press West, 1613 N. School St. Normal, IL 61761-1240.

A Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry as Used in the Society for Creative Anachronism (by Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme and Akagawa Yoshio) is available by sending $15 to Bruce Miller, 1711 Tenth Street, Manhattan Beach, CA 90266, (310) 379-1321.

EXCERPTS FROM THE LOAR
The LoAR for December was published in March, and covered August submissions (the submissions for the Western July meeting). The LoAR for January was published in April, and covered September submissions. The cover letters, acceptances and returns for the past can be found at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/. If you are interested in responding to some of the calls for commentary put out by Lord Laurel, please be sure to visit the site.

The following Western submissions were registered on the December LoAR:

Anne of Whaleshaven. Name.

The submitter's husband registered the SCA name David of Whaleshaven in January 1983. Therefore, the submitter may register the byname of Whaleshaven under the Grandfather Clause.

Anne of Whaleshaven. Transfer of device from David of Whaleshaven. Or, two Orcas haurient respectant proper and in chief a compass star azure. [Orcinus orca].

This transfer is based on a previously filed heraldic will.

Artus Quintus. Device. Argent, a chi-rho and a bordure gules.

Avelina Dragon. Name.

Bragi Knutsson. Name.

Christina Moncreife. Name and device. Per pale vert and purpure, an opinicus statant within a bordure argent.

Crimthann Mac Giolla Phadraig. Name and device. Or, a lion passant guardant gules and on a chief azure a swan volant to sinister wings addorsed argent.

Listed on the LoI as Crimthann MacGiolla Phadraig, the form listed this name as Crimthann Mac__Giolla Phadraig. We have replaced the missing space in the byname.

David of Whaleshaven. Transfer of device to Anne of Whaleshaven. Or, two Orcas haurient respectant proper and in chief a compass star azure. [Orcinus orca].

This transfer is based on a previously filed heraldic will.

Dmitriy Shelomin. Name.

Note: Dmitriy is his legal given name.

Donata Bonacorsi. Name change from Donata Ivanovna Basistova.

Her previous name, Donata Ivanovna Basistova, is released.

Ellisif þunnkárr. Name and device. Argent, a triskelion of spirals within and conjoined to an annulet sable and on a chief purpure three ermine spots argent.

Submitted as Ellisif Þunnkárr Reinarskona, we have lowercased the byname to use standard transliteration conventions. (See the Cover Letter for the October 2002 LoAR for more information.)

The byname Reinarskona combines the Danish masculine given name Reinar with the Old Norse kona 'wife'. While Danish and Old Norse are related languages, they are not the same language. Therefore, the byname Reinarskona violates RfS III.1.a, which requires linguistic consistency within a name phrase. As the submitter allows major changes, we have dropped this element in order to register this name.

The SCA has previously registered one triskelion of spirals, for Sorcha ar Menez, Vert, a triskelion of spirals argent between in cross four mullets pierced Or. The SCA does not have a defined charge of a spiral, and spiral ends are not standard for other charges (such as crosses). However, the SCA has an established and wide-ranging pattern for registering triskelions of objects, or triskelions ending in objects. As a result, we are reluctant to refuse further registrations of this charge (as suggested by some of the commentary). The triskelion of spirals may continue to be registered, but as one step from period style (a "weirdness"). As this submission does not include any other steps from period style, it may be registered.

Eric van Roosebeke. Badge. (Fieldless) A sword inverted sable surmounted by a crescent argent.

Felis of Warick. Name and device. Or, a winged lion sejant purpure.

Garrett of Wolfscairn. Name and device. Or, a maple leaf inverted gules and a chief quarterly vert and argent.

Griffin Garret. Name.

Good name!

Gunnvaldr Skallagrimsson. Name.

Hróðgeirr Hróaldsson. Name and device. Vert, semy of roundels and a gore Or.

Isabella Gabriele de Álora. Name and device. Purpure, a hummingbird rising to sinister wings addorsed Or and on a chief argent a decrescent between two mullets azure.

This name mixes Spanish and Italian, a combination which has been ruled registerable, though with a weirdness. The LoI documented Gabriele as an undated Italian masculine given name. The College was able to find evidence of this name, in this spelling, in 14th to 16th C Italy. While the more common forms of a byname derived from the masculine given name Gabriele would be di Gabriele or Gabrieli, there are examples of unmarked patronymic surnames in period Italian. Therefore, this name may be registered as submitted.

Isabella Gabriele de Álora. Badge. (Fieldless) A hummingbird rising to sinister wings addorsed azure.

Jared Galien. Name and device. Quarterly gules and sable, a wolf rampant to sinister between three decrescents argent.

Jean de Leedes. Badge. (Fieldless) Two wolves combattant azure maintaining between them in chief a mullet of eight points pierced gules.

Jehane of Yarewe. Name.

Johanna de Bletsho. Name change from Gwyneth Breila Eurin.

Her previous name, Gwyneth Breila Eurin, is released.

Jora in Irska. Name change from Clare ingen Neill.

Submitted as Jora inn Irska, the submitter requested authenticity for Norse and allowed any changes. The article inn is used in masculine bynames. The feminine form is in. We have made this correction.

Her previous name, Clare ingen Neill, is released.

Juan Santiago. Badge. (Fieldless) A cross of Santiago sable.

Khevron Oktavii Tikhikovich Vorotnikov. Device change. Per pale vert and sable all semy of caltrops a talbot passant argent.

The submitter's previous device, Per pale vert and sable, a talbot passant within a bordure invected argent, is retained as a badge.

Please advise the submitter to draw the caltrops more boldly.

Margery Garret. Device. Per fess embattled sable mullety argent and gules, in base a crescent argent.

Miguel of St. Katherine. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Vert, a griffin argent and a bordure counter-compony sable and argent.

Submitted under the name Miguel Argento.
Miguel of St. Katherine. Badge. Checky argent and sable, a bordure vert.

Raven of the West. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a pall inverted vert between two ravens and an oak tree eradicated sable leaved vert.

Submitted under the name Raven of Oakwood.

Sveinn of Hawks Haven. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a wolf rampant and a chief azure.

Submitted under the name Sveinn Ulfsson.

Vigdís vestfirzka. Name change from Beatrix zum Dunklenturm and badge. (Fieldless) A winged pig segreant to sinister Or.

Listed on the LoI as Vigdís Vesfirzka, this name was submitted as Vigdís Vestfirnzka. The byname was corrected at Kingdom to remove the incorrect n in the byname. However, an extra letter (t) was omitted in the LoI. We have added the missing letter to the byname.

Additionally, we have lowercased the byname to use standard transliteration conventions. (See the Cover Letter for the October 2002 LoAR for more information.)

Her previous name, Beatrix zum Dunklenturm, is released.

Vigdís vestfirzka. Badge. (Fieldless) An arched door argent.

Wilhelm von Basel. Name and device. Argent, a two-headed eagle displayed sable between a chief embattled and a base wavy azure.

Listed on the LoI as Wilhelm von Bassel, this name was submitted as Wilhelm von Basel. The LoI stated that "The name was originally submitted as Basel, but we [i.e. Kingdom] did not have any documentation to support this formation." This statement implies that the name was originally submitted as Wilhelm  Basel not Wilhelm von Basel, as is clearly shown on the submission form. Additionally, the submitter requested authenticity for 14th to 16th C "German, Landsknecht". This information was not included in the LoI, depriving the College of the ability to properly comment on this name.

We would remind submission heralds that proper summarization of forms, including changes allowed by the submitter and requests for authenticity, is required as part of the LoI. Improper summarization of a submission is cause for return of that submission. The College of Arms has a limited amount of time and all of us are volunteers. Asking the College to evaluate names based on incomplete or entirely missing data is both unfair to the College and a disservice to the submitter.

Orle and Hund both found a dated example of this byname in Brechenmacher (p. 77 s.n. Basel) which dates the form von Basel to 1360. By coincidence rather than intent, since the College was unaware of the submitter's request for authenticity, this dated example show's the submitter's desired form of this byname in his desired period. We have changed his name to this form in order to register his name and to meet his request for authenticity.

Wilhelm von Düsseldorf. Badge. Sable estencely, on a point pointed argent a cattail proper.

The following Western submissions were returned on the December LoAR:

Bathsheba of Zigana. Name.

Listed on the LoI as Bathsheba of Zigana, the submission form shows that this name was submitted as Bath-Sheba Zigana. Apparently it was changed at Kingdom. However no indication of changes made at Kingdom, or an explanation for those changes, was included in the LoI. The form noted that she would accept minor changes and that she would also accept the name Liliom Zigana. No mention of any of this information was included in the LoI.

We would remind submission heralds that proper summarization of forms, including changes allowed by the submitter and requests for authenticity, is required as part of the LoI. Improper summarization of a submission is cause for return of that submission. Asking the College to evaluate names based on incomplete or entirely missing data is both unfair to the College and a disservice to the submitter.

As no documentation was presented to the College for the element Liliom, her alternative choice Liliom Zigana may not be considered.

Bathsheba was documented only as a name used in the Bible (Book of Samuel 11:3). Biblical names are registerable on a case by case basis according to the plausibility of their use in period. Metron Ariston provided information regarding documented period forms of this given name:

Of the given name Withycombe (Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, s.n. Bathsheba) s[a]ys "It occurs occasionally as a christian name in the Middle Ages in the form Barsabe, and more frequently after the Reformation, often as Bathshua, the form of the name in the Authorized Version of the Book of Chronicles."

The documentation provided for the byname of Zigana in the LoI was:

The submitter provides a web site -- http://www.geocities.com/TimesSquare/Lapyrinth/2398/bginfo/geo/trebizon.html - as documentation for the locative. It states that the Zigana Pass was the route that Marco Polo traveled on his way home to Venice in 1295.

While this demonstrates that the pass existed in period, it only supports Zigana as the modern name for this pass. Lacking evidence that it is a period name for this location, it is not registerable.

Metron Ariston regarding the byname of Zigana:

There is indeed a great deal of doubt as to whether the Turkish form of the name used here was actually used in period for either the pass or any locality nearby in which humans lived in antiquity or the medieval period. While Xenophon clearly brought his troops back from Persia by the pass (he describes it clearly), the largest city in the area was Trapezus or Trebizond, although the geographer Strabo, a contemporary of the Emperor Augustus, also mentions the city of Zigopolis which many scholars associate with the modern Zigana area (www.kultur.gov.tr).

Since there is no indication that Zigana is a period name, the element Zigana is not registerable and this name must be returned.

Any future resubmission should include a proper summarization of the submitter's wishes, as noted on the submission form, in the LoI.

Daniel de Blare. Badge. (Fieldless) An armorer's anvil reversed Or.

Conflict with Stephen of Forth Castle, Per bend sable and paly gules and Or, a double-bitted anvil Or. There is one difference for changing the field but none for changing a double- to a single-horned anvil.

James Andrew MacAllister. Badge. (Fieldless) A frauenadler argent winged and crined sable.

The frauenadler was originally blazoned as caucasian but it is argent. This discrepancy would have resulted in a pend were it not for the following administrative difficulties.

This submitter already has the maximum number of allowable registrations. His registrations are:

  1. Device (January 1995), Quarterly vert and argent crusilly fitchy counterchanged, a bordure quarterly argent and vert.
  2. Badge (April 1996), (Fieldless) A bear sejant erect Or sustaining a cross crosslet fitchy quarterly argent and vert.
  3. Badge (March 1998), (Fieldless) A cross crosslet fitchy quarterly vert and argent.
  4. Badge (April 1998), James as primary owner and registered jointly with Ghislaine d'Auxerre, (Fieldless) A cross-crosslet fitchy argent charged with a compass star azure.

(The errata letter accompanying this LoAR has errata regarding the April 1998 LoAR. Specifically, according to the Armorial, James appeared to have a fifth badge registered, (Fieldless) On a cross-crosslet fitchy argent a compass star azure. However, this was not a true extra registration but an error in the April 1998 LoAR.)

Because he has four pieces of armory already registered to him, he may not register new armory, per Administrative Handbook section I.B, without releasing some armory.

Note that jointly owned armory counts against the registration limit of the primary owner of the badge. As noted in the Cover Letter for the July 1992 LoAR, "My policy shall be that the first name on the submission be the main badge-holder --- who has the right to release, grant permission to conflict, etc. --- and the second name receive the cross-reference in the A&O." The person with the right to release or grant permission to conflict must necessarily have this item counted against his registration limit.

Kristin Hvithestr. Name and device. Quarterly azure and vert, a horse's head couped contourny and in chief two decrescents argent.

This name is being returned for lack of documentation that the construction of the byname Hvithestr 'white horse' follows a period pattern of bynames used in Old Norse in period.

The submitter requested authenticity for "Viking / Norse" and allowed minor changes. She also allowed no holding name. However, the LoI included none of this information.

We would remind submission heralds that proper summarization of forms, including changes allowed by the submitter and requests for authenticity, is required as part of the LoI. Improper summarization of a submission is cause for return of that submission. The College of Arms has a limited amount of time and all of us are volunteers. Asking the College to evaluate names based on incomplete or entirely missing data is both unfair to the College and a disservice to the submitter.

The submitted byname Hvithestr was submitted as a combination of two descriptive bynames found in Geirr Bassi, hvít 'white' (p. 23) and hestr 'horse' (p. 22). The most often cited example of the an Old Norse descriptive byname of the form [color] + [animal] is rauðrefr, found in Geirr Bassi (p. 26). Geirr Bassi gives the meaning of 'red fox' for this name. However, this byname and meaning have been found to be an error. Via italics, he indicates that this byname came from the Landnámabók. However, the Landnámabók does not have an example of any person with that byname. It seems to be a typo for rauðnefr 'red-nose'. When an earlier submission referred to the byname rauðrefr listed in Geirr Bassi, Gunnvör silfrahárr found this information:

Interestingly enough, I just went through the Old Icelandic version of Landna'mabo'k (see http://www.snerpa.is/net/snorri/landnama.htm) and I *did not* find a single instance of <rau{dh}refr>. I then searched the whole Netu'tga'fan website and the term does not occur in *any* of the sagas or chronicles they have up -- and that includes almost all of them.

Looking carefully through Landna'mabo'k, however, in chapter 92 I *did* find <Þo'rsteinn rau{dh}nefr>, son of <Hro'lfr rau{dh}skeggr>. This leads me to strongly question whether <rau{dh}refr> may not actually represent a typo for the by-name meaning "red-nose"! Cleasby-Vigfusson also does not list the <rau{dh}refr> compound under either <refr> or <rau{dh}r>.

As this information removes support for the byname rauðrefr in Geirr Bassi, we are left with no confirmed examples of descriptive bynames of the form [color] + [animal] in Old Norse. One commenter reported an example of rauðbekri 'red ram' as appearing in the Landnámabók, but the information provided was incomplete and we were unable to find the byname in the online version of the Landnámabók. Further, as stated in a previous ruling:

A pattern of anything cannot be derived from a single example. It takes multiple examples--the more examples found, the more likely it is that the theorized pattern is accurate. [Annalies Maria von Marburg, 09/01, A-Caid]
Lacking solid evidence of a clear pattern of descriptive bynames of the form [color] + [animal] in Old Norse, there is no support for the submitted Hvithestr as a plausible descriptive byname in Old Norse.

As the submitter allows no holding name, we must also return this device.

On resubmission, please advise the submitter to draw the decrescents larger and to draw the horse's head fully in profile rather than tilted slightly.

Miguel Argento. Name.

The submitter requested authenticity for "Spanish/Italian" and allowed no changes. His form included the notation: "mixed heritage - Italian father, Spanish mother". However, the LoI included none of this information. As a result, the College was not given the opportunity to adequately comment on this submission.

We would remind submission heralds that proper summarization of forms, including changes allowed by the submitter and requests for authenticity, is required as part of the LoI. Improper summarization of a submission is cause for return of that submission. The College of Arms has a limited amount of time and all of us are volunteers. Asking the College to evaluate names based on incomplete or entirely missing data is both unfair to the College and a disservice to the submitter.

Regarding the submitter's request for authenticity: in our period, a man of mixed Italian and Spanish ancestory would have had his name recorded in different ways. In a document written in Italian, his name would have been written completely in an Italian form. In a document written completely in Spanish, his name would have been written completely in a Spanish form.

Maridonna Benvenuti, a regular attendee at the Pelican decision meetings, made time to specifically research this item as a courtesy to the submitter and we thank her for her effort. She found one example of Argento included as part of a byname in period:

Caracausi, Girolamo, Dizionario Onomastico della Sicilia, two volumes, 1994, Palermo, s.n. Argento, has a Latin entry <Iohannes de Argento> a. 1324. This byname is from a placename.

Based on the form of the name found by Maridonna, the form de Argento appears to be a Latin form. Lacking evidence that Argento would have appeared as a stand-alone byname in period, we would have changed this byname to the documented form de Argento in order to register this name. However, as the submitter allows no changes, we were unable to make this change.

Any future resubmission should include a proper summarization of the submitter's wishes, as noted on the submission form, in the LoI.

His armory has been registered under the holding name Miguel of St. Katherine.

Raven of Oakwood. Name.

The only information provided on the LoI for this submission was:
Raven is found in Reaney and Wilson on pg. 372 under the heading of Raven. It is dated to 1185. Oakwood is justified by such name constructions as Oakhurst, Oakleaf, etc.
This is inadequate and erroneous documentation. It is unclear where this documentation came from since the submission form contains no documentation at all. Reaney & Wilson (p. 372 s.n. Raven) do not date the form Raven to 1185. Rather, the form dated to 1185 in this entry is Rauen. No information was given as to why a placename of Oakwood is plausible based on the examples of Oakhurst and Oakleaf. Also, no documentation was provided for either Oakhurst or Oakleaf. As a result, they cannot support a hypothesized Oakwood, leaving the byname of Oakwood completely undocumented as submitted and as represented on the LoI.

A further error in the LoI was the complete failure to note what changes the submitter would allow. In this case, the submitter allows no changes - which dramatically affects the options that the College might research.

We would remind submission heralds that proper summarization of forms, including changes allowed by the submitter and requests for authenticity, is required as part of the LoI. Improper summarization of a submission is cause for return of that submission. The College of Arms has a limited amount of time and all of us are volunteers. Asking the College to evaluate names based on incomplete or entirely missing data is both unfair to the College and a disservice to the submitter.

Members of the College researched the elements of this name in an attempt to aid the submitter. Aryanhwy merch Catmael provided information supporting elements of this name:

It is <Rauen> that is dated to 1185 in Reaney & Wilson s.n. Raven. Other examples of the given name include <Reuene> 1086, <Raven> 1133-60, 1188, <Reven> 1279.

[...] Reaney & Wilson do have Oakhurst as a header, with the forms <de Okhurste> 1283-4, <Okhurst> 1395. Other headers are Oakham (<de Ocham> 1327, <de Ocham> 1327, <Ockham> 1340-1450) and Oakley (<de Ocle> 1199, 1246, <de Okeley> 1327, <Okelee> 1377, <Okeleye> 1545). S.n. Birchwood are the forms <de Birchewude> 1177, <de Birchwde> 1204, <atte Birchwode> 1342. These examples would support a 12th to 14th century <de Okwude> or <de Ockwode>, in keeping with the time period of <Raven>.

Orle provided other information supporting a form of Oakwood as a placename in period:

Ekwall page 347 s.n. Oakle Street gives Oaklay under several spelling meaning oak wood so the name is plausible. Under s.n. Oakford dates Ocford 1224 as oak ford and s.n. Astwood dates Estwod from 1208 for eastern wood. It looks like the name would be Okewod or Ocwode from the 1200s.

As no documentation was presented and none was found that the spelling Oakwood is plausible for a placename in period, we would have changed the submitted byname of Oakwood to one of the forms recommended by Aryanhwy or Orle in order to register this name. However, as the submitter allows no changes, we were unable to alter the byname to one of these forms.

Her armory has been registered under the holding name Raven of the West.

Sveinn Ulfsson. Name.

This name conflicts with Sveinn Ulfsson, king of the Danes (1047-1074).

His armory was registered under the holding name Sveinn of Hawks Haven.

The following Western submissions were registered on the January LoAR:

Dietrich Lorenz Uhl. Device. Quarterly Or and sable, an owl gules between four crosses clechy counterchanged.

Eiríkr Snorrason. Name and device. Per bend sinister rayonny gules and Or, two drinking horns counterchanged.

The per bend sinister line of division has 13 well-drawn rayonny repeats. This is an acceptable (and not "pinking-sheary") depiction of a per bend sinister rayonny line. As noted in the October 2003 LoAR, "Rayonny, because of its design, needs smaller and more frequent repeats than most complex lines of partition. Fifteen repetitions of a complex line down the center of the shield (palewise, bendwise, or the side of a pile) would be marginal or unacceptable for engrailed, embattled, or wavy, but it is more acceptable for rayonny."

Eshabelle the Fair. Name.

Gracye of Guthrie. Device. Argent, on a bend Or fimbriated between two hearts purpure, three roses azure barbed and seeded proper.

Henri de Valery sur Somme. Name.

Hirsch von Henford. Badge. (Fieldless) Two stag's heads erased addorsed and conjoined at the neck Or.

The deer heads lose some of their identifiability due to the high degree of conjoining and the unexpected interlacing of the deers' horns. Please advise the submitter to draw the heads so that they are more clearly separated.

Isabel McThomas. Name and device. Per fess argent and vert ermined argent, a sea-serpent ondoyant and issuant from the line of division azure.

Submitted as Isabel McThomais, this is a case of Black and Whyte. The LoI stated that:
The surname is a variant of one in Black (p.566 at MacTavish) - the citation is for Doncan M'Thamais in 1355. This is a variant spelling. (The submittor cites <http://www.mactamhais.liquidweb.com/pswd2.htm> for her documentation -- and that website seems to be quoting Black, but the page number is different. The website gives the desired spelling. Copies from the website will be enclosed for Laurel's evaluation.)
The Web site implies that the information listed is from Donald Whyte's Scottish Surnames. Under the header "p. 173 - MacTAVISH", the Web page states that "Duncan McThomais is recorded at Glassary in 1355, when he served on an inquest regarding the lands of that parish". However, Whyte has no entry for MacTAVISH (or any spelling thereof). While Whyte gives dates, most of the listed names seem to be modernized. This factor, combined with his failure to note sources, makes this an unreliable source for our purposes.

Black (p. 566 s.n. MACTAVISH) states that "Doncan M'Thamais was one of those cited in 1355 to give evidence regarding the lands of Glassre in Argyllshire (HP., II, p. 139)". HP indicates that Black's source for this information was the Highland Papers. The Highland Papers are notorious for modifying spellings from the original documents and cannot be considered reliable for representing spellings of names from our period. In most cases, there are enough other spelling variants in Black's entries to support a dubious citation from the Highland Papers as being plausible in our period. However, the spelling -ais in the submitted name is indicative of a Gaelic rather than Scots form of this byname. As Black (s.nn. MacTavish, MacThomas) lists no other dated examples of a -ais spelling of this byname in period, we must assume that the single example of M'Thamais cited from the Highland Papers is a post-period "updated" form, and is, therefore, not registerable.

As the submitter allows any changes, we have changed this byname to the form McThomas, dated to 1537 in Black (s.n. McThomas), in order to register this name.

A number of commenters expressed concerns about the posture of the serpent. They cited a precedent concerning a sea-serpent ondoyant emergent, an SCA invention which is described in the Pictorial Dictionary under Sea-Serpent:

[Per fess azure and Or, three flanged maces palewise in fess argent and a sea-serpent emergent ondoyant to sinister vert.] While there is perhaps a precedent for the peculiarly fragmented partial sea-serpent in Caid in the armoury of the Barony of Calafia, this is an old one. The serpent emerging from thin air does not seem to be a period charge and the effect here is to have three charges in fess in chief with another three non-identical fragments in base [the three separated pieces of the sea-serpent] (LoAR of June 1990).
We believe that the stylistic problem with ondoyant emergent serpents is that they incorporate two steps from period style (also known colloquially as "two weirdnesses"). The serpent is broken into "non-identical fragments" (one step from period style) that are disassociated from each other because they are "emerging from thin air" (the second step from period style). Armory incorporating two steps from period style is not registerable.

A serpent ondoyant and issuant from a [line of division], however, is only one step from period style (colloquially, "one weirdness"). Period armory is replete with animals issuant from lines of division or from charges. In some of these cases, there is even a small degree of fragmentation of the charge: the tail of a demi-lion issuant from a line of division may sometimes be separated from the rest of the demi-lion. The fact that a serpent ondoyant and issuant from [a line of division] is broken into three or more "non-identical fragments" when it emerges from the line of division is still one step from period style. However, these fragments are associated with each other by the line of division from which they all issue, so this design does not have the second step from period style, that of disassociation by "emerging from thin air." Armory with only one step from period style may be registered.

Jimena Montoya. Name and device. Gules, a demi-maiden in her modesty and on a chief embattled argent a sword fesswise gules.

Kazdoya Ruslander. Device change. Purpure, a chief trefly-counter-trefly Or.

Her previous device, Purpure, a garb and a chief trefly-counter-trefly Or, is retained as a badge.

Rhys Gethin. Name and device. Vert semy-de-lys Or, the Archangel Michael argent haloed Or.

The submitter has permission to conflict with a badge of the Shire of Charlesbury Crossing, Vert, a winged man displayed maintaining above his head a spear fesswise argent.

Richard of Alder Tree. Badge. (Fieldless) In saltire an ermine spot sable and a sword inverted argent.

Vivienne la Louve. Name (see RETURNS for device).

William Alexander Johnston. Name and device. Argent, on a pile throughout gules between two bears rampant addorsed sable a torch Or.

The following Western submissions were returned on the January LoAR:

Aelia Apollina. Name change from Aileth Gardiner.

This name is being returned for lack of documentation of the byname Apollina.

Apollos is documented as a masculine given name found in Bardas Xiphias's article "Common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the 6th and 7th Centuries" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/early_byz_names.html).

Bardas Xiphias's article "Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/introduction.html) includes a section entitled "Structure of Aristocratic Personal Names in the 10th Through 15th Centuries" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/structures.html). In this section, he states that, "By the turn of the millennium, the inherited family name was the typical surname in the Roman Empire." He explains that when these family names were used in women's names, they took on a "feminized" form. It is in relation to these inherited family names that he explains that a family name ending in -os in a man's name would become -ina in a woman's name.

The submitted byname Apollina was constructed by taking a 6th to 7th C masculine given name and applying to it patterns documented only for 10th to 15th C family name constructions. No evidence was provided and none was found to support such a combination. Therefore, lacking evidence that Apollina is a properly constructed feminine byname in period, it is not registerable.

Additionally, the submitter's form included a request for authenticity for Byzantine language/culture. However, the LoI did not include this information. As a result, the College was not given the opportunity to adequately comment on this submission.

We would remind submission heralds that proper summarization of forms, including changes allowed by the submitter and requests for authenticity, is required as part of the LoI. Improper summarization of a submission is cause for return of that submission. The College of Arms has a limited amount of time and all of us are volunteers. Asking the College to evaluate names based on incomplete or entirely missing data is both unfair to the College and a disservice to the submitter.

The submitter also listed three alternate names on her form. However, as no documentation was presented to the College for any of these, they may not be considered.

Vivienne la Louve. Device. Or, a wolf statant to sinister and a bordure sable.

This device conflicts with Sabah al-Zaman, Or, a wolf sejant ululant contourny and a bordure sable. There is one CD for changing the posture of the wolf. This also conflicts with Michael of Worcester, Or, in pale a fox statant to sinister sable, maintaining in its mouth a squirrel purpure, and a mount sable. There is one CD for changing the mount to a bordure, but no difference between a fox and a wolf, and no difference for removing the maintained squirrel.

West, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Chequey Herald.

No documentation was presented and none was found that a heraldic title in period would have been drawn from field divisions.

In Service,

Eilis O'Boirne
Matins


SUBMISSONS – 11 April xxxviii (2004)

ITEMS SENT TO LAUREL

Alienor Fitzhenry     (Selveirgard)     New Name

Alienor is taken from from A Dictionary of English Surnames at www.s-gabriel.org and is dated to 1202. Fitzhenry is from http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Lane/8771/henryfirst.html and is dated to 1104 as the name of Henry FitzHenry, son of Henry I. She wants a Norman name.

Catherine de Gray     (Golden Rivers)     Name and Device Registered 3/03; Badge Resubmission to Laurel

(Fieldless) Two mermaids affronty argent, crined, tailed and maintaining a Catherine’s wheel sable.
Her previous submission was returned in May 2003 for conflict. This adds an additional mermaid.

Elinora O’Connor     (Golden Rivers)     New Name and Device

Argent, three butterflies azure, a chief vert.
Elinora is taken from Index of Names in Irish Annals by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Eilionora.shtml) and is dated in this spelling to 1589. O’Connor is on p.49 of MacLysaght and is the Englished form of Ó Conchubhair. She will not accept major changes, and wants an Irish name.

Elysant atten Oke     (Mont d’Or)     New Name and Device

Gules, an oak tree blasted and eradicated and on a chief nebuly argent, four acorns gules.
Elysant is documented to 1190 at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/reaney.cgi/Elisant. Reaney and Wilson, p.327 at Oak, give atten Oke dated to 1296. She will not accept major changes.

Isabelle Parlebien     (Rivenoak)     Name Submitted to Laurel March 2004; Device Resubmission to Kingdom

Per saltire sable and purpure, an angel statant affronty and a bordure embattled argent.

R{o,}gnvaldr Sax     (Wolfscairn)     Name and Device Resubmission to Kingdom

Sable, on a bezant, a dragon’s head couped countourney gules, in chief a sword fesswise Or.
His previous submission, under the name R{o,}gnvaldr, was returned in July 2003 because the name consisted of a single element. There were no problems found with the device at that time. R{o,}gnvaldr is on p.14 of Bassi as a given name; Sax is on p.26 as a byname.

Titus Scipio Germanicus     (Prov. Mists)     Name and Device Registered 6/97; Name Change on Peerage
The classical Roman name consisted of a praenomen, nomen, and cognomen. Titus is a common Roman praenomen (Withycombe p.282). In Solin & Salomies’ Repertorium Nominum Gentilium et Cognominum Latino, they list an example of Scipio used as a nomen, which Tangwystl guesses would date from the late empire when the traditional categories were starting to break down, since it was originally a subfamily-type cognomen – the Scipios were a subfamily of the Cornelians. Germanicus, also given in Solin & Salomies, was typically a cognomen of the personal nickname kind. The best-known examples were given the nickname for distinguishing themselves militarily against the Germans.

ITEMS RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK

Avelina Dragon     (Mont d’Or)     Name Registered December 2003; Device Resubmission to Kingdom Returned

Argent, a wyvern displayed, head to sinister, tailed nowed, vert.
Her previous device submission was returned in July 2003 for conflict.

The device is too similar to the device registerd to Minimoto Akatoro: Argent, a dragon sergeant vert maintaining a Latin cross bottony Or. There is one difference for position, but no difference for the change from dragon to wyvern and none for the maintained charge. It is also too similar to the badge of Eric of Flamewood: Argent, a wyvern erect vert mainintaing an oak leaf and a fireball gules – again, the only countable difference is for the position change.

Elisabeth René de Champagne     (Esfenn)     Name Registered 8/97; Device Resubmission to Kingdom Returned

Azure, on a pile wavy Or, three caltrops in pale gules.
Her previous submission was returned for conflict.

The device is too similar to that registered to Maire Siobhan ni Sheanain: Azure, on a pile wavy Or, three water bougets, two and one, azure and to that registered to Geoffroi Bonfils: Azure, on a pile wavy Or, a cocatrice passant sable. Her first alternate involves adding a wheatsheaf on each side of the pile, but we do not know whether she wants a standard garb or the charge that involves three stalks of wheat “in estoile”. We will return this for clarification.

Ragnsteinn frá Andréssmýri     (Ravensfjord)     Name and Device Submitted to Laurel January 2003; Badge Resubmission to Kingdom Returned

(Fieldless) On a raven migrant sable, a compass star elongated to base Or.
His previous badge submission was returned in January 2004 for conflict.

This is too similar to the device registered to Haakon Redbeard: Argent, a raven displayed with wings inverted proper, on its’ breast, an inverted tau cross Or. His alternates (color, posture) are too vague to implement, and his final alternate (placing the bird on the compass star) has design difficulties and is too similar to the device of Stefan of Seawood: Azure, on a sun Or, an eagle displayed sable. There is no difference given between a sun and a compass star.

Silver Desert, Province of     (Silver Desert)     Name Registered 11/81; Device Registered 10/85; New Badge Returned

(Fieldless) A ram’s head cabossed per pale argent and azure.
This is being returned because there is no documentation of support for this registration from the populace.


Minutes Page
Main Herald's Web Page